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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Acts 12:1


    CHAPTERS: Acts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Acts 12:1

    Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the church.

    World English Bible

    Now about that
    time, King Herod stretched out his hands to oppress some of the assembly.

    Douay-Rheims - Acts 12:1

    AND at the same
    time, Herod the king stretched forth his hands, to afflict some of the church.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Now about that
    time, Herod the king stretched forth his hands to afflict certain of the church.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    κατ
    2596 PREP εκεινον 1565 D-ASM δε 1161 CONJ τον 3588 T-ASM καιρον 2540 N-ASM επεβαλεν 1911 5627 V-2AAI-3S ηρωδης 2264 N-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM βασιλευς 935 N-NSM τας 3588 T-APF χειρας 5495 N-APF κακωσαι 2559 5658 V-AAN τινας 5100 X-APM των 3588 T-GPM απο 575 PREP της 3588 T-GSF εκκλησιας 1577 N-GSF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (1) -
    Ac 4:30; 9:31 Lu 22:53

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 12:1

    ¶ Y en el mismo tiempo el rey Herodes envi compaías de soldados para maltratar a algunos de la Iglesia.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Acts 12:1

    Verse 1.
    Herod the king] This was Herod Agrippa, the son of Aristobulus, and grandson of Herod the Great; he was nephew to Herod Antipas, who beheaded John they Baptist, and brother to Herodias. He was made king by the Emperor Caligula, and was put in possession of all the territories formerly held by his uncle Philip and by Lysanias; viz.

    Iturea, Trachonitis, Abilene, with Gaulonitis, Batanaea, and Penias. To these the Emperor Claudius afterwards added Judea and Samaria; which were nearly all the dominions possessed by his grandfather, Herod the Great. See Luke iii. 1; see also an account of the Herod family, in the note on Matt. ii. 1.

    To vex certain of the Church.] That is, to destroy its chief ornaments and supports.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 1. Now about that time , etc.] That the famine was in Judea, and Saul and Barnabas were sent thither with what the church at Antioch had collected. Herod the king ; not Herod the great that slew the infants at Bethlehem, nor Herod Antipas that beheaded John, but Herod Agrippa; and so the Syriac version adds here, who is surnamed Agrippa; he was a grandson of Herod the great, and the son of Aristobulus: this prince stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the church ; Bezas ancient copy adds, in Judea: it seems to be the church at Jerusalem; perhaps some of the principal members of them; and so the Ethiopic version renders it, the rulers of the house of God. It is scarcely credible that he should lay hands on any of them himself in person; but it is very likely he encouraged his soldiers, or his servants, to abuse them, reproach them, strike and buffet them, as they met with them in the streets; or when at worship, might disturb them, and break them up.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-5 - James was one of the sons of
    Zebedee, whom Christ told that they shoul drink of the cup that he was to drink of, and be baptized with the baptism that he was to be baptized with, Mt 20:23. Now the words of Christ were made good in him; and if we suffer with Christ, we shal reign with him. Herod imprisoned Peter: the way of persecution, as of other sins, is downhill; when men are in it, they cannot easily stop Those make themselves an easy prey to Satan, who make it their busines to please men. Thus James finished his course. But Peter, being designed for further services, was safe; though he seemed now marke out for a speedy sacrifice. We that live in a cold, prayerles generation, can hardly form an idea of the earnestness of these holy men of old. But if the Lord should bring on the church an awfu persecution like this of Herod, the faithful in Christ would learn what soul-felt prayer is.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    κατ
    2596 PREP εκεινον 1565 D-ASM δε 1161 CONJ τον 3588 T-ASM καιρον 2540 N-ASM επεβαλεν 1911 5627 V-2AAI-3S ηρωδης 2264 N-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM βασιλευς 935 N-NSM τας 3588 T-APF χειρας 5495 N-APF κακωσαι 2559 5658 V-AAN τινας 5100 X-APM των 3588 T-GPM απο 575 PREP της 3588 T-GSF εκκλησιας 1577 N-GSF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    1. That
    time (ekeinon ton kairon). More correctly, that juncture. See on ch. i. 7. The date is A.D. 44.

    Herod the king. Called also Agrippa, and commonly known as Herod Agrippa I., the grandson of Herod the Great.

    Stretched forth his hands (epebalen tav ceirav). Lit. laid on his hands. The A.V. is wrong, and so is the Rev. Render, laid hands on certain of the church to afflict them.

    Vex (kakwsai). Vex is used in the older and stronger sense of torment or oppress. See Exod. xxii. 21; Num. xxv. 17; Matt. xv. 22. Its modern usage relates rather to petty annoyances. Rev., better, afflict.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    12:1 {About that time} (kat' ekeinon ton kairon). Same phrase in #Ro 9:9. That is, the early part of A.D. 44 since that is the date of Herod's death. As already suggested, Barnabas and Saul came down from Antioch to Jerusalem after the persecution by Herod at the end of 44 or the beginning of 45. {Herod the king} (herwides ho basileus). Accurate title at this particular time. Herod Agrippa I, grandson of Herod the Great, was King of Palestine A.D. 42 to 44; only for these three years was a Herod king over Palestine since the death of Herod the Great and never afterwards. Archelaus never actually became king though he had the popular title at first (#Mt 2:22). {Put forth his hands} (epebalen tas ceiras). Second aorist active indicative of epiballw, old verb, to cast upon or against. The same idiom with tas ceiras (the hands, common Greek idiom with article rather than possessive pronoun) in #4:3; 5:18. {To afflict} (kakwsai). First aorist active infinitive of kakow, old word to do harm or evil to (kakos), already in #7:6,19. Outside of Acts in the N.T. only #1Pe 5:13. Infinitive of purpose. Probably the first who were afflicted were scourged or imprisoned, not put to death. It had been eight years or more since the persecution over the death of Stephen ceased with the conversion of Saul. But the disciples were not popular in Jerusalem with either Sadducees or Pharisees. The overtures to the Gentiles in Caesarea and Antioch may have stirred up the Pharisees afresh (cf. #6:14). Herod Agrippa I was an Idumean through his grandfather Herod the Great and a grandson of Mariamne the Maccabean princess. He was a favorite of Caligula the Roman Emperor and was anxious to placate his Jewish subjects while retaining the favor of the Romans. So he built theatres and held games for the Romans and Greeks and slew the Christians to please the Jews. Josephus (_Ant_. XIX. 7, 3) calls him a pleasant vain man scrupulously observing Jewish rites. Here we have for the first time political power (after Pilate) used against the disciples.


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