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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Mark 5:13


    CHAPTERS: Mark 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16     

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    King James Bible - Mark 5:13

    And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about two thousand;) and were choked in the sea.

    World English Bible

    At once Jesus gave them permission. The unclean spirits came out and entered into the pigs. The herd of about two thousand rushed down the steep bank into the sea, and they were drowned in the sea.

    Douay-Rheims - Mark 5:13

    And Jesus immediately gave them leave. And the unclean spirits going out, entered into the swine: and the herd with great violence was carried headlong into the sea, being about two thousand, and were stifled in the sea.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep
    place into the sea (they were about two thousand) and were choked in the sea.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ επετρεψεν 2010 5656 V-AAI-3S αυτοις 846 P-DPM ευθεως 2112 ADV ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ εξελθοντα 1831 5631 V-2AAP-NPN τα 3588 T-NPN πνευματα 4151 N-NPN τα 3588 T-NPN ακαθαρτα 169 A-NPN εισηλθον 1525 5627 V-2AAI-3P εις 1519 PREP τους 3588 T-APM χοιρους 5519 N-APM και 2532 CONJ ωρμησεν 3729 5656 V-AAI-3S η 3588 T-NSF αγελη 34 N-NSF κατα 2596 PREP του 3588 T-GSM κρημνου 2911 N-GSM εις 1519 PREP την 3588 T-ASF θαλασσαν 2281 N-ASF ησαν 2258 5713 V-IXI-3P δε 1161 CONJ ως 5613 ADV δισχιλιοι 1367 A-NPM και 2532 CONJ επνιγοντο 4155 5712 V-IPI-3P εν 1722 PREP τη 3588 T-DSF θαλασση 2281 N-DSF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (13) -
    1Ki 22:22 Job 1:12; 2:6 Mt 8:32 1Pe 3:22 Re 13:5-7; 20:7

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 5:13

    Y luego Jess se lo permiti. Y saliendo aquellos espíritus inmundos, entraron en los puercos, y la manada cay por un despeadero en el mar; los cuales eran como dos mil; y en el mar se ahogaron.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Mark 5:13

    Verse 13. Gave them leave.] For epetreyen, DH,
    three others, and three copies of the Itala have epemyen, sent them.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 13. And forthwith
    Jesus gave them leave , etc..] For the reason of this (see Gill on Matthew 8:32). and the unclean spirits went out ; of the man, in whom they had for some time dwelt: and entered into the herd of swine ; according to the leave given them by Christ: this shows not only the existence of spirits, but their going from one to another shows that they are circumscribed by space; that they are here, and not there, or there, and not here: there is an ubi, a somewhere, where they are; and whilst there, are not elsewhere: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea . The Syriac and Arabic versions read, the herd ran to the rock, or promontory, and fell into the sea. The Ethiopic, the herd grew mad, and was carried headlong into the sea: the sense is, that the devils having entered into them, it had a like effect on them, as on the man possessed; they ran mad, and were hurried on by the devils, to the rocks on the sea shore; where, falling down the precipice, they were all lost; and a considerable loss it was to their owners; for they were about two thousand ; a very large herd, but there were devils enought in that one man, to possess all these, and run them into the sea: and were choked in the sea ; not suffocated by the devils, but drowned in the waters of the sea, or lake, as Luke calls it; the lake of Gennesareth, or sea of Tiberias and Galilee; which, as often observed, were the same.

    Though some think it was not this lake or sea, but some other place of water near Gadara. Strabo says f77 , that in the country of Gadara, there was a very bad laky water, of which if cattle tasted, they cast their hair, hoofs, and horns; which perhaps may be the same with what the Talmudists call f78 , rdgd h [ wlb , the whirlpool of Gadara; said to be from the time of the deluge, and so called from its swallowing up every thing that came into it; but the sea of Tiberias seems rather to be the place, where this herd perished. The Jew objects to the destroying this herd of swine as an unjust action, being a great injury to the owners; and seeks to blacken the character of Christ, as being concerned in it: but, as Bishop Kidder well observes, it does not appear that Jesus destroyed it; it was the devils that did it: he suffered them indeed to go into it, nor did he restrain the natural power which they had; nor did he think fit to do it, nor was he obliged to it: but had he destroyed it himself, since he is Lord of all, the proprietor of all creatures, who has all under him, and at his disposal, can give and take away as he pleases, no charge of evil and injustice can be brought against him: and this should be satisfactory to a Christian, who believes him to be God over all blessed for ever; though it will not be to a Jew: let it therefore be further observed, that the owners of these swine were either Jews or Gentiles; if they were Jews, and they brought up these swine in order to eat them themselves, to destroy them was a just punishment, for their violation of the law of God, ( Deuteronomy 14:8). And if they brought them up to sell to others, this was contrary to their own canons; (see Gill on Matthew 8:30), to the rules and customs of their own country, which were made as a fence to keep off from breaking the above law; and such a practice could only proceed from an avaricious disposition, of which this was a proper rebuke: or if they were Gentiles that were the owners of them, these were idolatrous persons, worshippers of devils; and it was but a righteous thing, to suffer the devils, whom they worshipped, to do this mischief to their property, to whom they devoted themselves soul and body; and a Jew cannot well find fault with this, who believes that idolaters cannot be punished too severely: add to this, what the above learned prelate observes; this practice of the Gentiles in breeding hogs, was a temptation to the Jews to follow the same business, and even to taste of the forbidden flesh; so that to use his words, it was in truth an act of grace and favour to the Jews, to remove from them so dangerous a snare, and so bad an example: and it may be added, by suffering the devils to go into the swine, several valuable ends were answered, infinitely preferable to the herd of swine; such as evincing the truth of the dispossession; showing the greatness of the mercy to the dispossessed; the power of Christ over the devils; and making for the spread of the fame of this miracle the more; as well as giving further proof of the malignity and mischievous disposition and actions of these evil spirits; by which the inhabitants of the adjacent places might learn, how hurtful they were to them, and what a blessing it was to be rid of them: and therefore ought to have been thankful to Christ for this dispossession, notwithstanding the loss of their swine; but such an effect it had not upon them, but the reverse, as the words following show.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-20 - Some openly wilful sinners are like this madman. The commands of the law are as chains and fetters, to restrain sinners from their wicke courses; but they break those bands in sunder; and it is an evidence of the power of the devil in them. A legion of soldiers consisted of sin thousand men, or more. What multitudes of fallen spirits there must be and all enemies to God and man, when here was a legion in one poor wretched creature! Many there are that rise up against us. We are not match for our spiritual enemies, in our own strength; but in the Lord and in the power of his might, we shall be able to stand against them though there are legions of them. When the vilest transgressor i delivered by the power of Jesus from the bondage of Satan, he wil gladly sit at the feet of his Deliverer, and hear his word, wh delivers the wretched slaves of Satan, and numbers them among his saints and servants. When the people found that their swine were lost they had a dislike to Christ. Long-suffering and mercy may be seen even in the corrections by which men lose their property while their lives are saved, and warning given them to seek the salvation of their souls. The man joyfully proclaimed what great things Jesus had done for him. All men marvelled, but few followed him. Many who cannot but wonder at the works of Christ, yet do not, as they ought, wonder afte him.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ επετρεψεν 2010 5656 V-AAI-3S αυτοις 846 P-DPM ευθεως 2112 ADV ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ εξελθοντα 1831 5631 V-2AAP-NPN τα 3588 T-NPN πνευματα 4151 N-NPN τα 3588 T-NPN ακαθαρτα 169 A-NPN εισηλθον 1525 5627 V-2AAI-3P εις 1519 PREP τους 3588 T-APM χοιρους 5519 N-APM και 2532 CONJ ωρμησεν 3729 5656 V-AAI-3S η 3588 T-NSF αγελη 34 N-NSF κατα 2596 PREP του 3588 T-GSM κρημνου 2911 N-GSM εις 1519 PREP την 3588 T-ASF θαλασσαν 2281 N-ASF ησαν 2258 5713 V-IXI-3P δε 1161 CONJ ως 5613 ADV δισχιλιοι 1367 A-NPM και 2532 CONJ επνιγοντο 4155 5712 V-IPI-3P εν 1722 PREP τη 3588 T-DSF θαλασση 2281 N-DSF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    13.
    Ran (wrmhsen). The verb indicates hasty, headlong motion. Hence, as Rev., rushed.

    Two Thousand. As usual, Mark alone gives the detail of number.

    A steep place. But the noun has the definite article: tou krhmnou, the steep, as Rev.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    5:13 {And he gave them leave} (kai epetreyen autois). These words present the crucial difficulty for interpreters as to why Jesus allowed the demons to enter the hogs and destroy them instead of sending them back to the abyss. Certainly it was better for hogs to perish than men, but this loss of property raises a difficulty of its own akin to the problem of tornadoes and earthquakes. The question of one man containing so many demons is difficult also, but not much more so than how one demon can dwell in a man and make his home there. One is reminded of the man out of whom a demon was cast, but the demon came back with seven other demons and took possession. Gould thinks that this man with a legion of demons merely makes a historical exaggeration. "I feel as if I were possessed by a thousand devils." That is too easy an explanation. See on Mt 8:32 for "rushed down the steep." {They were choked} (epnigonto). Imperfect tense picturing graphically the disappearance of pig after pig in the sea. #Lu 8:33 has apegnige, {choked off}, constative second aorist passive indicative, treated as a whole, #Mt 8:32 merely has "perished" (apeqanon; died).


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