SEV Biblia, Chapter 8:19 Así dijo el SEÑOR de los ejércitos: El ayuno del cuarto mes , y el ayuno del quinto, y el ayuno del séptimo, y el ayuno del décimo, se tornarán a la Casa de Judá en gozo y alegría, y en festivas solemnidades. Amad, pues, la Verdad y la Paz.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Zechariah 8:19 Verse 19. The fast of the fourth month] To commemorate the taking of Jerusalern; 2 Kings xxv. 3; Jer. xxxix. 2; lii. 6, 7.
The fast of the fifth] In memory of the ruin of the temple, 2 Kings xxv. 8; Jer. lii. 12, 13.
The fast of the seventh] For the murder of Gedaliah, Jeremiah xli. 1-17.
The fast of the tenth] In commemoration of the siege of Jerusalem, which began on the tenth day of the tenth month; 2 Kings xxv. 1; Jer. lii. 4; Ezek. xxiv. 1, 2; and see on chap. vii. 3, 5.
Cheerful feasts] Ye shall find all your evils so completely redressed, that these mournful fasts shall be turned into joyful feasts.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 19. Thus saith the Lord of hosts , etc.] What follows is a full answer to the question in ( Zechariah 7:3): The fast of the fourth [month] ; the month Tammuz, which answers to June: this fast was kept on the ninth day of the month, on account of the city of Jerusalem being broken up on that day f159 , as it is said, ( 2 Kings 25:3,4 Jeremiah 39:2 52:6,7) though Kimchi says this was on the seventeenth day of that month, as also says the Misna f160 ; on which day a fast was kept likewise, for the breaking of the two tables of the law on that day: the reconciliation of this with the above Scriptures is attempted in the Talmud by observing, that the Scripture speaks of the first temple, the Misna of the second temple: and the fast of the fifth ; the month Ab, which answers to July, on the tenth of which the city was burnt, ( Jeremiah 52:12,13) but the fast on account of it was kept on the ninth day; (see Gill on “ Zechariah 7:3”) on which day the Jews say that both the first and second temple were destroyed, Bither was taken, and the city ploughed f162 : and the fast of the seventh ; the month Tisri, which answers to September; on the third of this month a fast was kept on account of the murder of Gedaliah; (see Zechariah 7:5) and on the tenth day of the same was the day of atonement, which was the grand fast; (see Acts 27:9): and the fast of the tenth ; the month Tebet; which answers to December, on the tenth day of which the city of Jerusalem was besieged by Nebuchadnezzar; and this fast was kept on that account, ( Jeremiah 52:4) now of all these fasts the Lord by the prophet says, they shall be to the house of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts ; that is, there shall be no occasion for them; but, on the contrary, such plenty of good things, both temporal and spiritual, shall be had, that, instead of them, rather festivals should be kept with the greatest cheerfulness, joy, and gladness. So Maimonides says, that all these fasts shall cease in the times of the Messiah, with all others, which will be times of joy and gladness. Therefore love the truth and peace ; love to speak truth, and execute the judgment of peace, ( Zechariah 8:16) or express by words and deeds love to Christ, who is the way, the truth, and the life; and also is our Peace, the Peacemaker, and Peace giver; and on these accounts, as well as on others, is greatly to be loved: likewise the Gospel, which is the word of truth, and the Gospel of peace; which contains nothing but truth, and is the ministry of reconciliation, and is to be loved on that account; and even peace with men is no further to be loved and sought after than as it is consistent with truth; and these being the principal things under the Gospel dispensation, these, and not fasts, or any other ceremonial observances, are to be attended to.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 18-23 - When God comes towards us in ways of mercy, we must meet him with jo and thankfulness. Therefore be faithful and honest in all you dealings; and let it be a pleasure to you to be so, though thereby yo come short of the gains others get dishonestly; and, as much as in yo lies, live peaceably with all men. Let the truths of God rule in you heads, and let the peace of God rule in your hearts. Thus the ancien servants of God drew the notice of heathen neighbours, whose prejudice were softened. A great increase to the church shall be made. Hithert the Jews had been prone to learn the idolatries of other nations: what more unlikely than that they should teach religion to their conquerors and to all the principal nations of the earth! Yet this is expressl foretold, and it came to pass. Hitherto the prophecy has bee wonderfully fulfilled, and no doubt future events will explain it further. It is good to be with those who have God with them; if we tak God for our God, we must take his people for our people, and be willin to take our lot with them. But let not any one think that mere zeal either for Jews or Gentiles, will stand in the place of persona religion. Let us be living epistles of Christ, known and read of all men, so that others may wish to go with us, and to have their portio with us in the realms of bliss __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew כה 3541 אמר 559 יהוה 3068 צבאות 6635 צום 6685 הרביעי 7243 וצום 6685 החמישׁי 2549 וצום 6685 השׁביעי 7637 וצום 6685 העשׂירי 6224 יהיה 1961 לבית 1004 יהודה 3063 לשׂשׂון 8342 ולשׂמחה 8057 ולמעדים 4150 טובים 2896 והאמת 571 והשׁלום 7965 אהבו׃ 157