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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Zephaniah 3:1

    CHAPTERS: Zephaniah 1, 2, 3     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20




    King James Bible - Zephaniah 3:1

    Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!

    World English Bible

    Woe to her who is rebellious and polluted, the oppressing city!

    Douay-Rheims - Zephaniah 3:1

    Woe to the provoking, and redeemed city, the dove.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!

    Original Hebrew

    1945 מראה 4754 ונגאלה 1351 העיר 5892 היונה׃ 3238

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (1) -
    Le 1:16

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 3:1

    ¶ ¡Ay de la ciudad ensuciada y contaminada y opresora!

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Zephaniah 3:1

    Verse 1. Wo to her that is
    filthy] This is a denunciation of Divine judgment against Jerusalem.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 1. Woe to her that is
    filthy, and polluted , etc.] Meaning the city of Jerusalem, and its inhabitants; not as before the Babylonish captivity, but after their return from it, under the second temple, as Abarbinel owns; and even as in the times before and at the coming of Christ, and the preaching of his apostles among them; as the whole series of the prophecy, and the connection of the several parts of it, show; and there are such plain intimations of the conversion of the Gentiles, and of such a happy state of the Jews, in which they shall see evil no more, as can agree with no other times than the times of the Gospel, both the beginning and latter part of them. The character of this city, and its inhabitants, is, that it was “filthy”, and polluted with murders, adulteries, oppression, rapine, and other sins: our Lord often calls them a wicked and an adulterous generation; and yet they pretended to great purity of life and manners; and they were pure in their own eyes, though not washed from their filthiness; they took much pains to make clean the outside of the cup, but within were full of impurity, ( Matthew 23:25-28). In the margin it is, “woe to her that is gluttonous”. The word is used for the craw or crop of a fowl, ( Leviticus 1:16) hence some render it “woe to the craw”; to the city that is all craw, to which Jerusalem is compared for its devouring the wealth and substance of others. The Scribes and Pharisees in Christ’s time are said to devour widows’ houses, ( Matthew 23:14) and this seems to be the sin with which they were defiled, and here charged with. Some think the word signifies one that is publicly, infamous; either made a public example of, or openly exposed, as sometimes filthy harlots are; or rather one “that has made herself infamous” f97 ; by her sins and vices: to the oppressing city ! that oppressed the poor, the widow, and the fatherless. This may have respect to the inhabitants of Jerusalem stoning the prophets of the Lord sent unto them; to the discouragements they laid the followers of Christ under, by not suffering such to come to hear him that were inclined; threatening to cast them out of their synagogues if they professed him, which passed into a law; and to their killing the Lord of life and glory; and the persecution of his apostles, ministers, and people: (see Matthew 23:13,37 John 9:22 1 Thessalonians 2:14-16). Some render it, “to the city a dove” f98 ; being like a silly dove without heart, as in ( Hosea 7:11). R. Azariah thinks Jerusalem is so called because in its works it was like Babylon, which had for its military sign on its standard a dove; (see Gill on “ Jeremiah 25:38”) (see Gill on “ Jeremiah 46:16”) (see Gill on “ Hosea 11:11”) but the former sense is best.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-7 - The holy
    God hates sin most in those nearest to him. A sinful state is and will be, a woful state. Yet they had the tokens of God's presence and all the advantages of knowing his will, with the strongest reason to do it; still they persisted in disobedience. Alas, that men ofte are more active in doing wickedness than believers are in doing good.

    Original Hebrew

    הוי 1945 מראה 4754 ונגאלה 1351 העיר 5892 היונה׃ 3238

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20


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