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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Corinthians 15:45


    CHAPTERS: 1 Corinthians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16     
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    King James Bible - 1 Corinthians 15:45

    And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

    World English Bible

    So also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a
    living soul." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Corinthians 15:45

    The first man Adam was made into a
    living soul; the last Adam into a quickening spirit.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a
    living soul, the last Adam was made a vivifying spirit.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ουτως
    3779 ADV και 2532 CONJ γεγραπται 1125 5769 V-RPI-3S εγενετο 1096 5633 V-2ADI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM πρωτος 4413 A-NSM ανθρωπος 444 N-NSM αδαμ 76 N-PRI εις 1519 PREP ψυχην 5590 N-ASF ζωσαν 2198 5723 V-PAP-ASF ο 3588 T-NSM εσχατος 2078 A-NSM αδαμ 76 N-PRI εις 1519 PREP πνευμα 4151 N-ASN ζωοποιουν 2227 5723 V-PAP-ASN

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (45) -
    :47-49 Ge 2:7 Ro 5:12-14 Re 16:3

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 15:45

    Así tambin est escrito: Fue hecho el primer hombre Adn en alma viviente; el postrer Adn, en Espíritu vivificante.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Corinthians 15:45

    Verse 45. The first man
    Adam was made a living soul] These forms of expression are also common among the Jews: hence we find warh da Adam harishon, "Adam the first;" and amdq da Adam kadmai, " Adam the last." They assert that there are two Adams: The mystical heavenly Adam; and 2. The mystical earthly Adam. See Sohar Exod., fol. 29; and the several examples in Schoettgen. The apostle says this is written: The first man Adam was made a living soul: this is found Genesis ii. 7, in the words yyj tmn nishmath chaiyim, the breath of lives; which the apostle translates yuchn zwsan, a living soul.

    The last Adam-a quickening spirit.] This is also said to be written; but where, says Dr. Lightfoot, is this written in the whole sacred book? Schoettgen replies, In the very same verse, and in these words: hyj pnl dah yhyw vayehi ha-Adam le-nephesh chaiyah, and Adam became a living soul; which the apostle translates pneuma zwopoioun, a quickening, or life- giving spirit. Among the cabalistic Jews pn nephesh is considered as implying greater dignity than hmn nishma. The former may be considered as pointing out the rational, the latter the sensitive soul. All these references to Jewish opinions and forms of speech the apostle uses to convince them that the thing was possible; and that the resurrection of the body was generally credited by all their wise and learned men. The Jews, as Dr. Lightfoot observes, speak frequently of the Spirit of the Messiah; and they allow that it was this Spirit that moved on the face of the waters, Gen. i. 2. And they assert that the Messiah shall quicken those who dwell in the dust.

    "It ought not to be passed by," says the same author, "that Adam, receiving from God the promise of Christ-The seed of the woman shall bruise the head of the serpent, and believing it, named his wife hwj Chauvah, that is, life; so the Septuagint, kai ekalesen adam to onona thv gunaikov autou zwh? And Adam called the name of his wife, Life.

    What! Is she called Life that brought death into the world? But Adam perceived ton escaton adam, the last Adam exhibited to him in the promise, to be pneuma zwo, poioun, a quickening or life-giving spirit; and had brought in a better life of the soul; and should at last bring in a better life of the body. Hence is that saying, John i. i5: en autw zwh hn, In HIM was LIFE." Some contend that the first Adam and the last Adam mean the same person in two different states: the first man with the body of his creation; the same person with the body of his resurrection. See on ver. 49.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 45. And so it is written , etc.] In ( Genesis 2:7) the first man Adam was made a living soul : in the Hebrew text it is, man, or Adam, became, or was made a living soul; that is, as the apostle says, the first man Adam: he calls him, as the Jews frequently do, warh da , the first man; he was the first man that was made, and the first parent of mankind, and the head and representative of all his posterity, and so the first in time, causality and dignity; whose name was Adam, so called by God in the day he was created, because he was formed hmdah m , from the ground, or earth; when God breathed life into the earthly mass, or lump; and being animated with a rational soul, it became an animal body, or a living creature; and so the apostle proves, from the first man that was upon earth, that there is a natural, or animal body; a body animated by a soul, and which was supported by eating and drinking, by sleep and rest; and was capable of dying, and should die, in case of sin; and which was the state of it in its first creation, whilst in innocence, and before the fall; and this is all he meant to prove by this Scripture; for what follows is not mentioned as therein written, or elsewhere, but as the apostles own assertion: the last Adam was made a quickening spirit : by the last Adam is meant Jesus Christ, called Adam, because he is really and truly a man, a partaker of the same flesh and blood as the rest of mankind; and because he is the antitype of the first man Adam, who was a figure of him that was to come; and therefore called Adam, for the same reason as he is called David and Solomon: he is said to be the last, in distinction from the first Adam, with respect to him he stood, wrja , last upon the earth, as in ( Job 19:25) to which passage some think the apostle here alludes; and because he appeared in the last days in the end of the world, and is the last that shall rise up as a common head and representative of the whole, or any part of mankind: now he is made a quickening spirit; which some understand of the Holy Spirit, which filled the human nature of Christ, raised him from the dead, and will quicken our mortal bodies at the last day; others of the divine nature of Christ, to which his flesh, or human nature, was united; and which gave life, rigour, and virtue, to all his actions and sufferings, as man; and by which he was quickened, when put to death in the flesh, and by which he will quicken others another day: though rather I think it is to be understood of his spiritual body, of his body, not as it was made of the virgin, for that was a natural, or an animal one; it was conceived and bred, and born as animal bodies are; it grew and increased, and was nourished with meat and drink, and sleep and rest; and was subject to infirmities, and to death itself, as our bodies be; but it is to be understood of it as raised from the dead, when it was made a spiritual body, for which reason it is called a spirit: not that it was changed into a spirit, for it still remained flesh and blood; but because it was no more supported in an animal way; nor subject to those weaknesses that animal bodies are, but lives as spirits, or angels do; and a quickening one, not only because it has life itself, but because by virtue of the saints union to it, as it subsists in the divine person of the Son of God, their bodies will be quickened at the last day, and made like unto it, spiritual bodies; also because he lives in his body as a spiritual one, they shall live in theirs as spiritual ones: and so the apostle shows, that there is a spiritual, as well as an animal body; that as the first mans body, even before the fall, was an animal or natural one; the last Adams body upon his resurrection is a spiritual and life giving one, as the Syriac version renders it; so the Cabalistic writers speak of Adam; who is the holy and supreme, who rules over all, and gives spirit and life to all.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 35-50 - 1. How are the dead
    raised up? that is, by what means? How can they be raised? 2. As to the bodies which shall rise. Will it be with the lik shape, and form, and stature, and members, and qualities? The forme objection is that of those who opposed the doctrine, the latter of curious doubters. To the first the answer is, This was to be brough about by Divine power; that power which all may see does somewhat lik it, year after year, in the death and revival of the corn. It is foolish to question the Almighty power of God to raise the dead, when we see it every day quickening and reviving things that are dead. To the second inquiry; The grain undergoes a great change; and so will the dead, when they rise and live again. The seed dies, though a part of it springs into new life, though how it is we cannot fully understand. The works of creation and providence daily teach us to be humble, as wel as to admire the Creator's wisdom and goodness. There is a grea variety among other bodies, as there is among plants. There is variety of glory among heavenly bodies. The bodies of the dead, when they rise, will be fitted for the heavenly bodies. The bodies of the dead, when they rise, will be fitted for the heavenly state; and ther will be a variety of glories among them. Burying the dead, is lik committing seed to the earth, that it may spring out of it again Nothing is more loathsome than a dead body. But believers shall at the resurrection have bodies, made fit to be for ever united with spirit made perfect. To God all things are possible. He is the Author an Source of spiritual life and holiness, unto all his people, by the supply of his Holy Spirit to the soul; and he will also quicken an change the body by his Spirit. The dead in Christ shall not only rise but shall rise thus gloriously changed. The bodies of the saints, when they rise again, will be changed. They will be then glorious an spiritual bodies, fitted to the heavenly world and state, where the are ever afterwards to dwell. The human body in its present form, an with its wants and weaknesses, cannot enter or enjoy the kingdom of God. Then let us not sow to the flesh, of which we can only rea corruption. And the body follows the state of the soul. He, therefore who neglects the life of the soul, casts away his present good; he wh refuses to live to God, squanders all he has.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ουτως
    3779 ADV και 2532 CONJ γεγραπται 1125 5769 V-RPI-3S εγενετο 1096 5633 V-2ADI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM πρωτος 4413 A-NSM ανθρωπος 444 N-NSM αδαμ 76 N-PRI εις 1519 PREP ψυχην 5590 N-ASF ζωσαν 2198 5723 V-PAP-ASF ο 3588 T-NSM εσχατος 2078 A-NSM αδαμ 76 N-PRI εις 1519 PREP πνευμα 4151 N-ASN ζωοποιουν 2227 5723 V-PAP-ASN

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    45. A
    living soul (yuchn zwsan). See Gen. ii. 7. Here yuch passes into its personal sense - an individual personality (see Rom. xi. 4), yet retaining the emphatic reference to the yuch as the distinctive principle of that individuality in contrast with the pneuma spirit following. Hence this fact illustrates the general statement there is a natural body: such was Adam's, the receptacle and organ of the yuch soul.

    Last Adam. Christ. Put over against Adam because of the peculiar relation in which both stand to the race: Adam as the physical, Christ as the spiritual head. Adam the head of the race in its sin, Christ in its redemption. Compare Rom. v. 14.

    Quickening spirit (pneuma zwopoioun). Rev., life-giving. Not merely living, but imparting life. Compare John i. 4; iii. 36; v. 26, 40; vi. 33 35; x. 10; xi. 25; xiv. 6. The period at which Christ became a quickening Spirit is the resurrection, after which His body began to take on the characteristics of a spiritual body. 133 See Rom. vi. 4; 1 Pet. i. 21.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    15:45 {Became a living soul} (egeneto eis yucen zwsan). Hebraistic use of eis in predicate from LXX. God breathed a soul (yuce) into "the first man." {The last Adam became a life-giving spirit} (ho eschatos Adam eis pneuma z"opoioun). Supply egeneto (became). Christ is the crown of humanity and has power to give us the new body. In #Ro 5:12-19 Paul calls Christ the Second Adam.


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    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58

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