SEV Biblia, Chapter 30:34 Dijo aún El SEÑOR a Moisés: Tómate aromas, estacte y uña olorosa y gálbano aromático e incienso limpio; de todo en igual peso.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 30:34 Verse 34. Take unto thee sweet spices] The holy perfume was compounded of the following ingredients: Stacte] Pfn nataph, supposed to be the same with what was afterwards called the balm of Jericho. Stacte is the gum which spontaneously flows from the tree which produces myrrh. See the note on "ver. 23".
Onycha] tlj shecheleth, allowed by the best critics to be the unguis odouriferans described by Rumph, which is the external crust of the shell-fish purpura or murex, and is the basis of the principal perfumes made in the East Indies.
Galbanum] hnblj chelbenah, the bubon gummiferum or African ferula; it rises with a ligneous stalk from eight to ten feet, and is garnished with leaves at each joint. The top of the stock is terminated by an umbel of yellow flowers, which are succeeded by oblong channelled seeds, which have a thin membrane or wing on their border. When any part of the plant is broken, there issues out a little thin milk of a cream colour. The gummy resinous juice which proceeds from this plant is what is commonly called galbanum, from the chelbench of the Hebrews.
Pure frankincense] hqz hnbl lebonah zaccah. Frankincense is supposed to derive its name from frank, free, because of its liberal or ready distribution of its odours. It is a dry resinous substance, in pieces or drops of a pale yellowish white colour, has a strong smell, and bitter acrid taste.
The tree which produces it is not well known. Dioscorides mentions it as gotten in India. What is called here pure frankincense is no doubt the same with the mascula thura of Virgil, and signifies what is first obtained from the tree- that which is strongest and most free from all adventitious mixtures. See the note on "ver. 7".
THE Israelites were most strictly prohibited, on the most awful penalties, from making any anointing oil or perfume similar to those described in this chapter. He that should compound such, or apply any of this to any common purpose, even to smell to, ver. 38, should be cut off, that is, excommunicated from his people, and so lose all right, title, and interest in the promises of God and the redemption of Israel. From all this we may learn how careful the Divine Being is to preserve his own worship and his own truth, so as to prevent them from being adulterated by human inventions; for he will save men in his own way, and upon his own terms.
What are called human inventions in matters of religion, are not only of no worth, but are in general deceptive and ruinous. Arts and sciences in a certain way may be called inventions of men, for the spirit of a man knoweth the things of a man - can comprehend, plan, and execute, under the general influence of God, every thing in which human life is immediately concerned; but religion, as it is the gift, so it is the invention, of God: its doctrines and its ceremonies proceed from his wisdom and goodness, for he alone could devise the plan by which the human race may be restored to his favour and image, and taught to worship him in spirit and in truth. And that worship which himself has prescribed, we may rest assured, will be most pleasing in his sight. Nadab and Abihu offered strange fire before the Lord; and their destruction by the fire of Jehovah is recorded as a lasting warning to all presumptuous worshippers, and to all who attempt to model his religion, according to their own caprice, and to minister in sacred things without that authority which proceeds from himself alone. The imposition of hands whether of pope, cardinal, or bishop can avail nothing here. The call and unction of God alone can qualify the minister of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 22-38 - Directions are here given for making the holy anointing oil, and the incense to be used in the service of the tabernacle. To show the excellency of holiness, there was this spiced oil in the tabernacle which was grateful to the sight and to the smell. Christ's name is a ointment poured forth, So 1:3, and the good name of Christians is lik precious ointment, Ec 7:1. The incense burned upon the golden altar wa prepared of sweet spices. When it was used, it was to be beaten very small; thus it pleased the Lord to bruise the Redeemer, when he offere himself for a sacrifice of a sweet-smelling savour. The like should no be made for any common use. Thus God would keep in the people's mind reverence for his own services, and teach us not to profane or abus any thing whereby God makes himself known. It is a great affront to God to jest with sacred things, and to make sport with his word an ordinances. It is most dangerous and fatal to use professions of the gospel of Christ to forward wordly interests __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ויאמר 559 יהוה 3068 אל 413 משׁה 4872 קח 3947 לך סמים 5561 נטף 5198 ושׁחלת 7827 וחלבנה 2464 סמים 5561 ולבנה 3828 זכה 2134 בד 905 בבד 905 יהיה׃ 1961