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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Matthew 4:11


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    King James Bible - Matthew 4:11

    Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.

    World English Bible

    Then the devil left him, and behold, angels came and served him.

    Douay-Rheims - Matthew 4:11

    Then the devil left him; and behold angels came and ministered to him.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Then the devil leaveth him, and behold, angels came and ministered to him.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    τοτε
    5119 ADV αφιησιν 863 5719 V-PAI-3S αυτον 846 P-ASM ο 3588 T-NSM διαβολος 1228 A-NSM και 2532 CONJ ιδου 2400 5628 V-2AAM-2S αγγελοι 32 N-NPM προσηλθον 4334 5656 V-AAI-3P και 2532 CONJ διηκονουν 1247 5707 V-IAI-3P αυτω 846 P-DSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (11) -
    Lu 4:13; 22:53 Joh 14:30

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:11

    El diablo entonces le dej: y he aquí los ngeles llegaron y le servían.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Matthew 4:11

    Verse 11. Behold,
    angels came and ministered unto him.] That is, brought that food which was necessary to support nature.

    The name given to Satan in the third verse is very emphatic, o peirazwn, the tempter, or trier, from peirw, to pierce through. To this import of the name there seems to be an allusion, Ephesians vi. 16: The fiery DARTS of the wicked one. This is the precise idea of the word in Deut. viii. 2.

    To humble thee, and to prove thee, TO KNOW WHAT WAS IN THY HEART: tsnl linesteca, peirash se, LXX. that he might bore thee through.

    The quality and goodness of many things are proved by piercing or boring through; for this shows what is in the heart. Perhaps nothing tends so much to discover what we are, as trials either from men or devils.

    Shalt thou serve, or pay religious veneration, larreuseiv. This is Mr. Wakefield's translation, and I think cannot be mended. latreia comes from la, very much, and trew, I tremble. When a sinner approaches the presence of God, conscious of HIS infinite holiness and justice, and of his own vileness, he will then fully comprehend what this word means. See this religious reverence exemplified in the case of Moses, when in the presence of God; I exceedingly fear, said he, and tremble, Heb. xii. 21.

    And yet this fear of God is the beginning of wisdom. See the observations at the end of the chapter.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 11. Then the devil leaveth him , etc.] In ( Luke 4:13) it says, when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season, or until a season . That is, having tempted him with all sorts of temptations, and tried him every way to no purpose; having gone through, and finished the whole scheme and course of temptations he had devised, without success; and having orders from Christ to depart, which he was obliged to obey, leaves him for a while, till another opportunity of tempting him in some other way should offer; or till the time came, when he should be so far able to get the advantage of him, as to bruise his heel, or bring him to the dust of death; (see John 14:30 Luke 22:53) and when he was gone, better company came in his room; behold, angels came and ministered to him . They came to him in a visible, human form, as they were used to do under the Old Testament dispensation, and that after the temptation was over; after Satan was foiled, and was gone; that it might appear that Christ alone had got the victory over him, without any help or assistance from them. When they were come, they ministered to him; that is, they brought him food of their own preparing and dressing, as they formerly did to Elijah, ( 1 Kings 19:5,6,7,8) to satisfy his hunger, and refresh his animal spirits; which had underwent a very great fatigue during this length of time, in which he fasted, and was tempted by Satan. Thus, as the angels are ministring spirits to the heirs of salvation, both in a temporal and in a spiritual sense, ( Hebrews 1:14) so they were to Christ. Nothing is more frequent with the Jews than to call the angels trh ykalm ministring angels: it would be needless and endless to refer to particular places.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-11 - Concerning
    Christ's temptation, observe, that directly after he wa declared to be the Son of God, and the Saviour of the world, he wa tempted; great privileges, and special tokens of Divine favour, wil not secure any from being tempted. But if the Holy Spirit witness to our being adopted as children of God, that will answer all the suggestions of the evil spirit. Christ was directed to the combat. I we presume upon our own strength, and tempt the devil to tempt us, we provoke God to leave us to ourselves. Others are tempted, when draw aside of their own lust, and enticed, Jas 1:14; but our Lord Jesus ha no corrupt nature, therefore he was tempted only by the devil. In the temptation of Christ it appears that our enemy is subtle, spiteful, an very daring; but he can be resisted. It is a comfort to us that Chris suffered, being tempted; for thus it appears that our temptations, is not yielded to, are not sins, they are afflictions only. Satan aimed in all his temptations, to bring Christ to sin against God. 1. He tempte him to despair of his Father's goodness, and to distrust his Father' care concerning him. It is one of the wiles of Satan to take advantag of our outward condition; and those who are brought into straits have need to double their guard. Christ answered all the temptations of Satan with "It is written;" to set us an example, he appealed to what was written in the Scriptures. This method we must take, when at an time we are tempted to sin. Let us learn not to take any wrong course for our supply, when our wants are ever so pressing: in some way of other the Lord will provide. 2. Satan tempted Christ to presume upo his Father's power and protection, in a point of safety. Nor are an extremes more dangerous than despair and presumption, especially in the affairs of our souls. Satan has no objection to holy places as the scene of his assaults. Let us not, in any place, be off our watch. The holy city is the place, where he does, with the greatest advantage tempt men to pride and presumption. All high places are slipper places; advancements in the world makes a man a mark for Satan to shoo his fiery darts at. Is Satan so well versed in Scripture as to be able to quote it readily? He is so. It is possible for a man to have his head full of Scripture notions, and his mouth full of Scriptur expressions, while his heart is full of bitter enmity to God and to all goodness. Satan misquoted the words. If we go out of our way, out of the way of our duty, we forfeit the promise, and put ourselves out of God's protection. This passage, De 8:3, made against the tempter therefore he left out part. This promise is firm and stands good. But shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? No. 3. Satan tempte Christ to idolatry with the offer of the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them. The glory of the world is the most charming temptatio to the unthinking and unwary; by that men are most easily imposed upon Christ was tempted to worship Satan. He rejected the proposal with abhorrence. "Get thee hence, Satan!" Some temptations are openl wicked; and they are not merely to be opposed, but rejected at once. It is good to be quick and firm in resisting temptation. If we resist the devil he will flee from us. But the soul that deliberates is almos overcome. We find but few who can decidedly reject such baits as Sata offers; yet what is a man profited if he gain the whole world, and los his own soul? Christ was succoured after the temptation, for his encouragement to go on in his undertaking, and for our encouragement to trust in him; for as he knew, by experience, what it was to suffer being tempted, so he knew what it was to be succoured, being tempted therefore we may expect, not only that he will feel for his tempte people, but that he will come to them with seasonable relief.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    τοτε
    5119 ADV αφιησιν 863 5719 V-PAI-3S αυτον 846 P-ASM ο 3588 T-NSM διαβολος 1228 A-NSM και 2532 CONJ ιδου 2400 5628 V-2AAM-2S αγγελοι 32 N-NPM προσηλθον 4334 5656 V-AAI-3P και 2532 CONJ διηκονουν 1247 5707 V-IAI-3P αυτω 846 P-DSM

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:11 {qen the
    devil leaveth him} (tote afiesin auton ho diabolos). Note the use of "qen" (tote) again and the historical present. The movement is swift. "And behold" (kai idou) as so often in Matthew carries on the life-like picture. "{Angels came} (aorist tense proslthon punctiliar action) {and were ministering} (dikonoun, picturesque imperfect, linear action) {unto him}." The victory was won in spite of the fast of forty days and the repeated onsets of the devil who had tried every avenue of approach. The angels could cheer him in the inevitable nervous and spiritual reaction from the strain of conflict, and probably also with food as in the case of Elijah (#1Ki 19:6f.). The issues at stake were of vast import as the champions of light and darkness grappled for the mastery of men. #Lu 4:13 adds, that the devil left Jesus only "until a good opportunity" (acri kairou).


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