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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Matthew 20:1


    CHAPTERS: Matthew 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Matthew 20:1

    For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.

    World English Bible

    "For the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who was the master of a
    household, who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard.

    Douay-Rheims - Matthew 20:1

    THE kingdom of heaven is like to an householder, who went out
    early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    For the kingdom of heaven is like to a man that is a householder, who went out
    early in the morning to hire laborers into his vineyard.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ομοια
    3664 A-NSF γαρ 1063 CONJ εστιν 2076 5748 V-PXI-3S η 3588 T-NSF βασιλεια 932 N-NSF των 3588 T-GPM ουρανων 3772 N-GPM ανθρωπω 444 N-DSM οικοδεσποτη 3617 N-DSM οστις 3748 R-NSM εξηλθεν 1831 5627 V-2AAI-3S αμα 260 ADV πρωι 4404 ADV μισθωσασθαι 3409 5670 V-AMN εργατας 2040 N-APM εις 1519 PREP τον 3588 T-ASM αμπελωνα 290 N-ASM αυτου 846 P-GSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (1) -
    Mt 9:37,38; 21:33-43 So 8:11,12 Isa 5:1,2 Joh 15:1

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:1

    ¶ Porque el Reino de los cielos es semejante a un hombre, padre de familia, que sali por la maana a contratar obreros para su via.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Matthew 20:1

    Verse 1. For the
    kingdom of heaven is like unto a man-a householder] The very commencement of this chapter shows it to be connected with the preceding. The manner of God's proceeding under the Gospel dispensation resembles a householder, who went out at day break, ama prwi, together with the morning; as the light began to go out of its chambers in the east, so he went out of his bed-room to employ labourers, that they might cultivate his vineyard. This was what was called, among the Jews and Romans, the first hour; answering to six o'clock in the morning.

    To hire labourers] Some workmen, twn ergatwn-for he had not got all that was necessary, because we find him going out at other hours to hire more.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 1. For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man , etc.] That is, the Gospel dispensation, or times of the Messiah, may fitly be represented by a man that is an householder , or master of a family, as Christ is; See Gill Matthew 10:25 He is master of the whole family of God, in heaven, and in earth, of all the children of God, and household of faith; his house they are, he is Father and master, son and firstborn, priest and prophet there. Which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard : by the vineyard may be meant the church, which, like a vineyard, is separated by electing, redeeming, and calling grace, and by the order and ordinances of the Gospel, from the rest of the world; is set with various vines, with trees of righteousness, with pleasant plants, both fruitful and profitable; and which are dear and valuable to Christ; and about which much care is used to preserve, keep, and improve them. This may be called his, Christs, being what he has chosen for himself, his Father has given him, and he is heir of; which he has purchased with his blood, and which he plants, waters, takes care of, and enjoys. The labourers design either the ministers of the Gospel, who labour in the word and doctrine, who are, or at least ought to be, labourers in Christs vineyard, and not loiterers; whose work in study, meditation, and prayer, in the ministration of the word and ordinances, and in performing other services they are called unto, is very laborious; and made more so, through the wickedness of some, and weakness of others: the employment of these labourers in the vineyard is various; the business of some is to plant; they are chiefly made use of in conversion: the work of others is to water; these are instruments in edification, and means of the growth of grace: others have a good hand at pruning, giving reproofs and corrections, in a suitable manner, with success, to the checking of sin, and bringing forth more fruit: others are useful in propping and supporting the vines, comforting and strengthening weak believers; and others in protecting and defending the outworks of the church, the doctrines and ordinances of it: or else private Christians in general may be intended, who all are, or should be labourers, both in the exercise of grace; for there is the work of faith, and the labour of love, to God, Christ, and his people, in which they should be continually employed; and in the discharge of duty, with regard to themselves; and in the care of their own vineyard, with respect to their families, which are their charge, and also to the church of Christ, of which they are members. These labourers are said to be hired by the householder, or owner of the vineyard, Christ, not strictly and properly speaking; nor does it mean that he had no prior right to their obedience, or that there is any merit in their labour, or that that is the condition of their salvation; but it signifies the influence of his grace, in making them willing to serve him cheerfully, and labour in his vineyard freely; to encourage them in which, he makes them many gracious, and exceeding great and precious promises, and particularly that of eternal life: for which purpose, it is said, that he went out, either from his Father as mediator, being sent by him; or from heaven into this world, by the assumption of human nature; or by his Spirit, and the influence of his grace, in the calls of his people, to their several services, in his church; and that early in the morning: some of them being very early called to labour there; meaning either in the morning of the world, as Adam, Abel, Seth, Enoch, and others; or in the morning of the Jewish church state, as Abraham, Moses, Joshua, and the like; or in the morning of the Gospel dispensation, as the apostles of Christ, which seems most likely; or in the morning of youth, as Timothy and others. Several things, in this first part of the parable, might be illustrated from the Jewish writings. They have a parable indeed, which, in the several parts of it, greatly resembles this, and begins thus f1047 ; to what is R. Bon like? to a king that hath a vineyard, yl[wp wyl[ rkw , and hires labourers into it, etc.

    Out of which some other things will be remarked, in the following parts of this parable: of a sons being sent, and going out to hire labourers into the vineyard, take the following instance f1048 : it happened to R. Jochanan ben Matthia, that said to his son, rkw ax , go out, and hire labourers for us: he went out, and agreed with them for their food.

    The time of hiring labourers, here mentioned, exactly agrees with the Jewish accounts f1049 . Says R. Juda ben Bethira, when the face of all the east is light unto Hebron, all the people go out, every man to his work; and when it is so light, it is good to hire labourers we say.

    Upon which the gloss says, every man goes out to his work, not for labourers, but the householder, who rtwy ykm , rises earlier to find labourers to hire.

    Perhaps it may not be worth while to observe, how large a spot of ground, set with vines, was, by them, called a vineyard: it is frequently said by them f1050 , that a vineyard planted by less than four cubits, is no vineyard; but R. Simeon, and the wise men, say it is a vineyard.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-16 - The direct object of this parable seems to be, to show that though the Jews were first called into the vineyard, at length the gospel shoul be preached to the Gentiles, and they should be admitted to equa privileges and advantages with the Jews. The parable may also be applied more generally, and shows, 1. That God is debtor to no man. 2 That many who begin last, and promise little in religion, sometimes, by the blessing of God, arrive at a great deal of knowledge, grace, an usefulness. 3. That the recompense of reward will be given to the saints, but not according to the time of their conversion. It describe the state of the visible church, and explains the declaration that the last shall be first, and the first last, in its various references Till we are hired into the service of God, we are standing all the da idle: a sinful state, though a state of drudgery to Satan, may be called a state of idleness. The market-place is the world, and from that we are called by the gospel. Come, come from this market-place Work for God will not admit of trifling. A man may go idle to hell, but he that will go to heaven, must be diligent. The Roman penny wa sevenpence halfpenny in our money, wages then enough for the day' support. This does not prove that the reward of our obedience to God is of works, or of debt; when we have done all, we are unprofitabl servants; but it signifies that there is a reward set before us, ye let none, upon this presumption, put off repentance till they are old Some were sent into the vineyard at the eleventh hour; but nobody ha hired them before. The Gentiles came in at the eleventh hour; the gospel had not been before preached to them. Those that have had gospe offers made them at the third or sixth hour, and have refused them will not have to say at the eleventh hour, as these had, No man ha hired us. Therefore, not to discourage any, but to awaken all, be it remembered, that now is the accepted time. The riches of Divine grac are loudly murmured at, among proud Pharisees and nominal Christians There is great proneness in us to think that we have too little, an others too much of the tokens of God's favour; and that we do too much and others too little in the work of God. But if God gives grace to others, it is kindness to them, and no injustice to us. Carna worldlings agree with God for their penny in this world; and choos their portion in this life. Obedient believers agree with God for their penny in the other world, and must remember they have so agreed. Dids not thou agree to take up with heaven as thy portion, thy all; wil thou seek for happiness in the creature? God punishes none more tha they deserve, and recompenses every service done for him; he therefor does no wrong to any, by showing extraordinary grace to some. See her the nature of envy. It is an evil eye, which is displeased at the goo of others, and desires their hurt. It is a grief to ourselves displeasing to God, and hurtful to our neighbours: it is a sin that ha neither pleasure, profit, nor honour. Let us forego every proud claim and seek for salvation as a free gift. Let us never envy or grudge, but rejoice and praise God for his mercy to others as well as to ourselves.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ομοια
    3664 A-NSF γαρ 1063 CONJ εστιν 2076 5748 V-PXI-3S η 3588 T-NSF βασιλεια 932 N-NSF των 3588 T-GPM ουρανων 3772 N-GPM ανθρωπω 444 N-DSM οικοδεσποτη 3617 N-DSM οστις 3748 R-NSM εξηλθεν 1831 5627 V-2AAI-3S αμα 260 ADV πρωι 4404 ADV μισθωσασθαι 3409 5670 V-AMN εργατας 2040 N-APM εις 1519 PREP τον 3588 T-ASM αμπελωνα 290 N-ASM αυτου 846 P-GSM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    1. For (gar). Explaining and confirming xix. 30.

    Early in the morning (ama prwi). Along with the dawn. "Here (at Hamadan, in Persia), we observed every morning, before the sun rose, that a numerous band of peasants were collected, with spades in their hands, waiting to be hired for the day to work in the surrounding fields. This custom struck me as a most happy illustration of our Savior's parable, particularly when, passing by the same place late in the day, we found others standing idle, and remembered the words, 'Why stand ye here all the day idle?' as most applicable to their situation; for on putting the very same question to them, they answered us, 'Because no man hath hired us.'" (Morier, "Second Journey through Persia," cited by Trench, "Parables.")


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    20:1 {For} (gar). The parable of the house illustrates the aphorism in #19:30. {A man that is a householder} (anqrwpwi oikodespotei). Just like anqrwpwi basilei (#18:23). Not necessary to translate anqrwpwi, just "a householder."

    {Early in the morning} (hama prwi). A classic idiom. hama as an "improper" preposition is common in the papyri. prwi is just an adverb in the locative. At the same time with early dawn, break of day, country fashion for starting to work. {To hire} (misqwsasqai). The middle voice aorist tense, to hire for oneself.



    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28
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