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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Matthew 4:13


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    King James Bible - Matthew 4:13

    And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:

    World English Bible

    Leaving Nazareth, he came and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,

    Douay-Rheims - Matthew 4:13

    And leaving the city Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capharnaum on the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim;

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim;

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ καταλιπων 2641 5631 V-2AAP-NSM την 3588 T-ASF {VAR1: ναζαρετ 3478 N-PRI } {VAR2: ναζαρεθ 3478 N-PRI } ελθων 2064 5631 V-2AAP-NSM κατωκησεν 2730 5656 V-AAI-3S εις 1519 PREP καπερναουμ 2584 N-PRI την 3588 T-ASF παραθαλασσιαν 3864 A-ASF εν 1722 PREP οριοις 3725 N-DPN ζαβουλων 2194 N-PRI και 2532 CONJ νεφθαλειμ 3508 N-PRI

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (13) -
    Lu 4:30,31

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:13

    y dejando a Nazaret, vino y habit en Capernaum, ciudad marítima, en los confines de Zabuln y de Neftalí:

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Matthew 4:13

    Verse 13. And leaving
    Nazareth] Or, entirely leaving Nazareth, kai katalipwn thn nazaret, from kata, intensive, and deipw, I leave. It seems that, from this time, our blessed Lord made Capernaum his ordinary place of residence; and utterly forsook Nazareth, because they had wholly rejected his word, and even attempted to take away his life. See Luke iv. 29.

    Galilee was bounded by mount Lebanon on the north, by the river Jordan and the sea of Galilee on the east, by Chison on the south, and by the Mediterranean on the west.

    Nazareth, a little city in the tribe of Zebulon, in lower Galilee, with Tabor on the east, and Ptolemais on the west. It is supposed that this city was the usual residence of our Lord for the first thirty years of his life. It was here he became incarnate, lived in subjection to Joseph and Mary, and from which he took the name of a Nazorean.

    Capernaum, a city famous in the New Testament, but never mentioned in the Old. Probably it was one of those cities which the Jews built after their return from Babylon. It stood on the sea-coast of Galilee, on the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim, as mentioned in the text. This was called his own city, chap. ix. 1, &c., and here, as a citizen, he paid the half shekel, chap. xvii. 24. Among the Jews, if a man became a resident in any city for twelve months, he thereby became a citizen, and paid his proportion of dues and taxes. See Lightfoot. Capernaum is well known to have been the principal scene of our Lord's miracles during the three years of his public ministry.

    Zabulon, the country of this tribe, in which Nazareth and Capernaum were situated, bordered on the lake of Gennesareth, stretching to the frontiers of Sidon, Gen. xlix. 13. Nephthalim was contiguous to it, and both were on the east side of Jordan, Josh. xix. 34.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 13. And leaving Nazareth , etc.] Where he was educated, and had lived many years together; and where he preached first to the good liking of the people, who wondered at the gracious words that proceeded out of his mouth : though afterwards they were so much displeased with him, that they thrust him out of their city; and intended to have destroyed him, by casting him down headlong from the brow of an hill; and which seems to be the reason of his leaving this city; (see Luke 4:16-31) he came and dwelt in Capernaum a city of Galilee. ( Luke 4:31) which is upon the sea-coast by the sea of Tiberias, or Genesareth in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim : it bordered on both these tribes; it signifies the village of consolation f212 ; and so it was, whilst the consolation of Israel dwelt there. The Jews speak very evilly of it: no doubt because it was the dwelling place of Christ; and because there might be some in it who believed in him: they represent the inhabitants of it as very great sinners, heretics, and dealers in magic art. Chanina, the brothers son of R. Joshua, they say f213 , went to Capernaum, and the heretics did something to him; according to the gloss, they bewitched him: and elsewhere explaining the words in ( Ecclesiastes 7:26) Who so pleaseth God , etc.]; this, they say, is Chananiah, the brothers son of R. Joshua; and the sinner; these are the children, or inhabitants of Capernaum. Thus they show their spite against the very place in which Christ dwelt.

    Ver. 14, 15. That it might be fulfilled which was spoken , etc.] Christs dwelling in Capernaum accomplished a prophecy of the prophet ( Isaiah 9:1,2) and he went and dwelt there, that it might be fulfilled which he had spoken: the meaning of which prophecy is f215 , that as those parts of the land of Israel, there mentioned, had suffered much by Tiglathpileser, who had carried them captive, ( 2 Kings 15:29) and is the vexation referred to; so they should be honoured, and made very glorious, by the presence and conversation of the Messiah among them, and which now had its literal fulfilment: for Christ now came and dwelt in Capernaum, which lay between the lands and upon the borders both of Zabulon and Nephthalim; was situated by the sea of Tiberias, beyond Jordan, and in, Galilee of the nations; the upper Galilee, which had in it people of other nations besides Jews. The ancient Jews expected the Messiah to make his first appearance in Galilee; which expectation must be grounded on this prophecy; for so they say expressly, the king Messiah shall be revealed lylgd a[rab , in the land of Galilee. And in another place explaining ( Isaiah 2:19) they paraphrase it thus, for fear of the Lord; this is the indignation of the whole world: and for the glory of his majesty; this is the Messiah; when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth, when he shall arise and be revealed lylgd a[rab , in the land of Galilee: because that this is the first place to be destroyed in the holy land; therefore he shall be revealed there the first of all places.

    Here Jesus, the true Messiah, made his first appearance publicly; here he called his disciples, and began his ministry. (See Gill on Matthew 4:14) Ver. 16. The people which sat in darkness , etc.] The inhabitants of Galilee, who sat or walked, as in Isaiah; that is, continued in spiritual darkness, in ignorance, blindness, error, and infidelity, saw great light; Christ himself, who came a light into the world; he conversed with them, preached unto them, and opened the eyes of their understandings to behold his glory, and to know him, and salvation by him. And to them which sat in the region and shadow of death : the same persons who sit in darkness, sit also in the region of death; for such are dead in trespasses and sins: where there is no spiritual light, there is no spiritual life, and such are in danger of the second death; but the happiness of these people was, that to them light is sprung up, like the rising sun, and this without their asking or seeking for: Christ, the sun of righteousness, arose upon them, without any desert, desire, or expectation of theirs, with healing in his wings; and cured them of their darkness and deadness, turned them from darkness to light, and caused them to pass from death to life. Light is not only a character under which Christ frequently goes in the New Testament, (see John 1:4-8,9 John 3:19 John 8:12 John 12:46) but is one of the names by which the Messiah was known under the Old Testament; (see Daniel 2:22 Psalm 43:3) and which the Jews give unto him: says R, Aba Serungia, and the light dwelleth with him; this is the king Messiah. The note of R. Sol. Jarchi on these words, send forth thy light, is, the king Messiah; who is compared to light, according to ( <19D217> Psalm 132:17) the days of the Messiah are by them said to be hrwa ymy days of light; and so these Galilaeans found them to be; as all do, to whom the Gospel of Christ comes with power and demonstration of the Spirit. And these days of light first begun in the land of Zabulon which, according to Philo the Jew f220 , was sumbolon fwtov , a symbol of light; since (adds he) its name signifies the nature of night; but, the night removing, and departing, light necessarily arises.

    As did, in a spiritual sense, here, when Christ the light arose.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 12-17 - It is just with God to take the gospel and the means of grace, from those that slight them and thrust them away. Christ will not stay lon where he is not welcome. Those who are without Christ, are in the dark They were sitting in this condition, a contented posture; they chose i rather than light; they were willingly ignorant. When the gospel comes light comes; when it comes to any place, when it comes to any soul, i makes day there. Light discovers and directs; so does the gospel. The doctrine of repentance is right gospel doctrine. Not only the auster John Baptist, but the gracious Jesus, preached repentance. There is still the same reason to do so. The kingdom of heaven was not reckone to be fully come, till the pouring out of the Holy Spirit afte Christ's ascension.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ καταλιπων 2641 5631 V-2AAP-NSM την 3588 T-ASF {VAR1: ναζαρετ 3478 N-PRI } {VAR2: ναζαρεθ 3478 N-PRI } ελθων 2064 5631 V-2AAP-NSM κατωκησεν 2730 5656 V-AAI-3S εις 1519 PREP καπερναουμ 2584 N-PRI την 3588 T-ASF παραθαλασσιαν 3864 A-ASF εν 1722 PREP οριοις 3725 N-DPN ζαβουλων 2194 N-PRI και 2532 CONJ νεφθαλειμ 3508 N-PRI

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:13 {Dwelt in
    Capernaum} (katwikesen eis kafarnaoum). He went first to Nazareth, his old home, but was rejected there (#Lu 4:16-31). In Capernaum (probably the modern Tell H-m) Jesus was in a large town, one of the centers of Galilean political and commercial life, a fishing mart, where many Gentiles came. Here the message of the kingdom would have a better chance than in Jerusalem with its ecclesiastical prejudices or in Nazareth with its local jealousies. So Jesus "made his home" (kat"iksen) here.


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