SEV Biblia, Chapter 23:2 Y David consultó al SEÑOR, diciendo: Â¿Iré a herir a estos filisteos? Y el SEÑOR respondió a David: Ve, hiere a los filisteos, y libra a Keila.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 23:2 Verse 2. Therefore David inquired of the Lord] In what way David made this inquiry we are not told, but it was probably by means of Abiathar; and therefore I think, with Houbigant that the sixth verse should be read immediately after the first. The adventure mentioned here was truly noble.
Had not David loved his country, and been above all motives of private and personal revenge, he would have rejoiced in this invasion of Judah as producing a strong diversion in his favour, and embroiling his inveterate enemy. In most cases a man with David's wrongs would have joined with the enemies of his country, and avenged himself on the author of his adversities; but he thinks of nothing but succouring Keilah, and using his power and influence in behalf of his brethren! This is a rare instance of disinterested heroism.
The Lord said-Go and smite] He might now go with confidence, being assured of success. When God promises success, who need be afraid of the face of any enemy?
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 2. Therefore David inquired of the Lord, saying, shall I go and smite these Philistines ? etc.] For though David was well disposed to serve his country, and was desirous of freeing them from their enemies the Philistines, he might have some doubts in his mind whether it would be right for him to engage with them now; partly because he could not act under a commission from his prince, Saul the king; and partly because he had such a small number of forces with him, that it might be hazardous for him to attack the armies of the Philistines with them, and attempt to raise the siege of Keilah; and therefore he thought it advisable, as doubtless it was, to inquire of the Lord what was his mind and will in this matter: how and by what means he inquired it is not said, very probably it was by the prophet Gad, who was with him, ( 1 Samuel 22:5); for as for Abiathar, he was not yet come with the ephod, the Urim and Thummim, to inquire by them, ( 1 Samuel 23:6); though some think that is observed there to show in what way David did inquire, namely, by Urim and Thummim; and so Kimchi and Abarbinel understand it; and it is supposed that he came to David when he was about Keilah, and near unto it, and so before he came thither, and time enough for him to inquire by him whether he should go thither or not: and the Lord said unto David, go, and smite the Philistines, and save Keilah ; which was not only giving him leave to go, and signifying it was his mind and will he should; but that he should be successful, and rout the Philistines, and raise the siege of Keilah, and save the city from falling into their hands.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-6 - When princes persecute God's people, let them expect vexation on all sides. The way for any country to be quiet, is to let God's church be quiet in it: if Saul fight against David, the Philistines fight agains his country. David considered himself the protector of the land. Thu did the Saviour Jesus, and left us an example. Those are unlike David who sullenly decline to do good, if they are not rewarded for services.
Original Hebrew וישׁאל 7592 דוד 1732 ביהוה 3068 לאמר 559 האלך 1980 והכיתי 5221 בפלשׁתים 6430 האלה 428 ויאמר 559 יהוה 3068 אל 413 דוד 1732 לך 1980 והכית 5221 בפלשׁתים 6430 והושׁעת 3467 את 853 קעילה׃ 7084