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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Leviticus 11:7


    CHAPTERS: Leviticus 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47

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    King James Bible - Leviticus 11:7

    And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you.

    World English Bible

    The pig, because he has a split
    hoof, and is cloven-footed, but doesn't chew the cud, he is unclean to you.

    Douay-Rheims - Leviticus 11:7

    And the swine, which, though it divideth the
    hoof, cheweth not the cud.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And the swine, though he divideth the
    hoof, and is cloven-footed, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you.

    Original Hebrew

    ואת
    853 החזיר 2386 כי 3588 מפריס 6536 פרסה 6541 הוא 1931 ושׁסע 8156 שׁסע 8157 פרסה 6541 והוא 1931 גרה 1625 לא 3808 יגר 1641 טמא 2931 הוא׃ 1931

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (7) -
    De 14:8 Isa 65:4; 66:3,17 Mt 7:6 Lu 8:33; 15:15 2Pe 2:18-22

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 11:7

    también el puerco, porque tiene pezuñas, y es de pezuñas hendidas, mas no rumia, lo tendréis por inmundo.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Leviticus 11:7

    Verse 7. And the
    swine] ryzj chazir, one of the most gluttonous, libidinous, and filthy quadrupeds in the universe; and, because of these qualities, sacred to the Venus of the Greeks and Romans, and the Friga of our Saxon ancestors; and perhaps on these accounts forbidden, as well as on account of its flesh being strong and difficult to digest, affording a very gross kind of aliment, apt to produce cutaneous, scorbutic, and scrofulous disorders, especially in hot climates.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 7. And the
    swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed , etc.] Not only its hoofs are parted, but cloven quite through, and so in this respect answers Moses’s first descriptive character of clean creatures; though Aristotle and Pliny speak of some kind of swine in Illyricum, Paeonia, and other places, which have solid hoofs; but perhaps these were not properly swine, though so called: yet he cheweth not the cud ; and a learned physician observes f236 , that such creatures that chew not the cud, so perfect a chyle cannot be elaborated by them as is by those that chew the cud, and therefore their flesh must be less wholesome; and of the swine, he says f237 , they have but one belly, and so there is no rumination or chewing the cud by them; wherefore they are to be placed, and are in a lower degree than the camel, the coney, and the hare; and as they cannot digest the chyle so well as those that chew the cud, and also live upon most sordid and filthy food, the eating of swine’s flesh, he observes, must produce many inconveniences to the body, as especially scorbutic, arthritic, scabious, and leprous disorders: so Manetho the Egyptian says f238 , that he that eats swine’s milk is liable to be filled with the leprosy; and Maimonides gives it as the principal reason of its being forbid the Jews, because it is such a filthy creature, and eats such filthy things: he [is] unclean to you : and so it has always been accounted by the Jews, and nothing is more abominable to them, as is even testified by Heathen f240 writers; and in this they have been imitated by many nations, particularly the Egyptians, who, as Herodotus says f241 , reckon swine a very filthy creature; so that if anyone does but touch it passing by, he is obliged to plunge himself into a river with his clothes on; and keepers of them may not go into any of their temples, nor do the rest of the Egyptians intermarry with them, but they marry among themselves; the reason of this their abhorrence of swine, Aelianus says f242 , is because they are so gluttonous that they will not spare their own young, nor abstain from human flesh; and this, says he, is the reason why the Egyptians hate it as an impure and voracious animal: likewise the Arabians entirely abstain from swine’s flesh, as Solinus says f243 , who adds, that if any of this sort of creatures is carried into Arabia, it immediately dies; and the same Pliny attests: and so the Phoenicians, the near neighbours of the Jews, would not eat the flesh of them; hence Antoninus is said to abstain from it after the manner of the Phoenicians , unless the historian should mean the Jews; also the Gallo- Grecians or Galatians f246 ; nay, even the Indians have such an abhorrence of it, that they would as soon taste of human flesh as taste of that f247 , and it is well known that the Mahometans abstain from it; and they have such an aversion to it, that if any chance to kill a wild pig, for tame they have none, they look on the merit of it to be almost equivalent to the killing a Christian in fight f248 : now these creatures may be an emblem of filthy and impure sinners, especially apostates, who return to their former impurities and wallow in them, ( 2 Peter 2:22).

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    What
    animals were clean and unclean.

    --These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people' obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; an to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of thes forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The la forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoi all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactnes in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy ou Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeeme and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who ar dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God and companions of his people.

    Ceremonial purification.

    --After the laws concerning clean and unclean food, come the law concerning clean and unclean persons. Man imparts his depraved natur to his offspring, so that, excepting as the atonement of Christ and the sanctification of the Spirit prevent, the original blessing, "Increas and multiply," Ge 1:28, is become to the fallen race a direful curse and communicates sin and misery. Let those women who have receive mercy from God in child-bearing, with all thankfulness own God' goodness to them; and this shall please the Lord better tha sacrifices __________________________________________________________________


    Original Hebrew

    ואת 853 החזיר 2386 כי 3588 מפריס 6536 פרסה 6541 הוא 1931 ושׁסע 8156 שׁסע 8157 פרסה 6541 והוא 1931 גרה 1625 לא 3808 יגר 1641 טמא 2931 הוא׃ 1931


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47

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