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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Isaiah 24:4


    CHAPTERS: Isaiah 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - MISC - DAVIS   |   VIDEO: BIB


    ENGLISH - HISTORY - INTERNATIONAL - FACEBOOK - GR FORUMS - GODRULES ON YOUTUBE

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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Isaiah 24:4

    επενθησεν η 2228 1510 5753 3739 3588 γη 1093 και 2532 εφθαρη η 2228 1510 5753 3739 3588 οικουμενη 3625 επενθησαν οι 3588 υψηλοι της 3588 γης 1093

    Douay Rheims Bible

    The earth mourned, and faded away, and is weakened: the world faded away, the height of the people of the earth is weakened.

    King James Bible - Isaiah 24:4

    The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish.

    World English Bible

    The earth mourns and fades away. The world languishes and fades away. The lofty people of the earth languish.

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Isaiah 24:4

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxxii Pg 2
    Ezek. iii. 17, 18, 19.

    And on this account we are, through fear, very earnest in desiring to converse [with men] according to the Scriptures, but not from love of money, or of glory, or of pleasure. For no man can convict us of any of these [vices]. No more do we wish to live like the rulers of your people, whom God reproaches when He says, ‘Your rulers are companions of thieves, lovers of bribes, followers of the rewards.’2275

    2275


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xxii Pg 14
    An inexact quotation of Isa. xl .28.

    Although He had respect to the offerings of Abel, and smelled a sweet savour from the holocaust of Noah, yet what pleasure could He receive from the flesh of sheep, or the odour of burning victims? And yet the simple and God-fearing mind of those who offered what they were receiving from God, both in the way of food and of a sweet smell, was favourably accepted before God, in the sense of respectful homage2975

    2975 Honorem.

    to God, who did not so much want what was offered, as that which prompted the offering. Suppose now, that some dependant were to offer to a rich man or a king, who was in want of nothing, some very insignificant gift, will the amount and quality of the gift bring dishonour2976

    2976 Infuscabit.

    to the rich man and the king; or will the consideration2977

    2977 Titulus.

    of the homage give them pleasure? Were, however, the dependant, either of his own accord or even in compliance with a command, to present to him gifts suitably to his rank, and were he to observe the solemnities due to a king, only without faith and purity of heart, and without any readiness for other acts of obedience, will not that king or rich man consequently exclaim: “To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? I am full of your solemnities, your feast-days, and your Sabbaths.”2978

    2978


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xxii Pg 14
    An inexact quotation of Isa. xl .28.

    Although He had respect to the offerings of Abel, and smelled a sweet savour from the holocaust of Noah, yet what pleasure could He receive from the flesh of sheep, or the odour of burning victims? And yet the simple and God-fearing mind of those who offered what they were receiving from God, both in the way of food and of a sweet smell, was favourably accepted before God, in the sense of respectful homage2975

    2975 Honorem.

    to God, who did not so much want what was offered, as that which prompted the offering. Suppose now, that some dependant were to offer to a rich man or a king, who was in want of nothing, some very insignificant gift, will the amount and quality of the gift bring dishonour2976

    2976 Infuscabit.

    to the rich man and the king; or will the consideration2977

    2977 Titulus.

    of the homage give them pleasure? Were, however, the dependant, either of his own accord or even in compliance with a command, to present to him gifts suitably to his rank, and were he to observe the solemnities due to a king, only without faith and purity of heart, and without any readiness for other acts of obedience, will not that king or rich man consequently exclaim: “To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? I am full of your solemnities, your feast-days, and your Sabbaths.”2978

    2978


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.ii Pg 42.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 45
    Amos vi. 1–6.

    Therefore, even if I could do nothing else than show that the Creator dissuades men from riches, without at the same time first condemning the rich, in the very same terms in which Christ also did, no one could doubt that, from the same authority, there was added a commination against the rich in that woe of Christ, from whom also had first proceeded the dissuasion against the material sin of these persons, that is, their riches. For such commination is the necessary sequel to such a dissuasive.  He inflicts a woe also on “the full, because they shall hunger; on those too which laugh now, because they shall mourn.”4025

    4025


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xviii Pg 25
    Lev. x. 9.

    The command, to “sing to the Lord with psalms and hymns,”6026

    6026


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.ii Pg 40.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xviii Pg 27
    Isa. v. 11, 12.

    Now, when I find to what God belong these precepts, whether in their germ or their development, I have no difficulty in knowing to whom the apostle also belongs.  But he declares that “wives ought to be in subjection to their husbands:”6028

    6028


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.ii Pg 34.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xviii Pg 24
    Amos ii. 12.

    This prohibition from drink was given also to the high priest Aaron and his sons, “when they went into the holy place.”6025

    6025


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.ii Pg 42.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 45
    Amos vi. 1–6.

    Therefore, even if I could do nothing else than show that the Creator dissuades men from riches, without at the same time first condemning the rich, in the very same terms in which Christ also did, no one could doubt that, from the same authority, there was added a commination against the rich in that woe of Christ, from whom also had first proceeded the dissuasion against the material sin of these persons, that is, their riches. For such commination is the necessary sequel to such a dissuasive.  He inflicts a woe also on “the full, because they shall hunger; on those too which laugh now, because they shall mourn.”4025

    4025


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xlvii Pg 3
    Isa. i. 7.

    And that it is guarded by you lest any one dwell in it, and that death is decreed against a Jew apprehended entering it, you know very well.1866

    1866 [Ad hominem, referring to the cruel decree of Hadrian, which the philosophic Antonines did not annul.]


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 4
    See Isa. i. 7.

    And in another place it is thus said through the prophet: “The King with His glory ye shall see,”—that is, Christ, doing deeds of power in the glory of God the Father;1385

    1385


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 7
    Isa. i. 7, 8. See c. xiii. sub fin.

    Why so?  Because the subsequent discourse of the prophet reproaches them, saying, “Sons have I begotten and upraised, but they have reprobated me;”1167

    1167


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 65
    See Isa. i. 7, 8; 4.

    So, again, we find a conditional threat of the sword: “If ye shall have been unwilling, and shall not have been obedient, the glaive shall eat you up.”1442

    1442


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xxiii Pg 8
    Isa. i. 7, 8.

    ever since the time when “Israel acknowledged not the Lord, and the people understood Him not, but forsook Him, and provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger.”3422

    3422


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxi Pg 36
    Isa. lvii. i.

    When does this more frequently happen than in the persecution of His saints? This, indeed, is no ordinary matter,4291

    4291 We have, by understanding res, treated these adjectives as nouns. Rigalt. applies them to the doctrina of the sentence just previous. Perhaps, however, “persecutione” is the noun.

    no common casualty of the law of nature; but it is that illustrious devotion, that fighting for the faith, wherein whosoever loses his life for God saves it, so that you may here again recognize the Judge who recompenses the evil gain of life with its destruction, and the good loss thereof with its salvation. It is, however, a jealous God whom He here presents to me; one who returns evil for evil.  “For whosoever,” says He, “shall be ashamed of me, of him will I also be ashamed.”4292

    4292


    Anf-01 ix.vi.v Pg 9
    Isa. i. 8.

    And when shall these things be left behind? Is it not when the fruit shall be taken away, and the leaves alone shall be left, which now have no power of producing fruit?


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 7
    Isa. i. 7, 8. See c. xiii. sub fin.

    Why so?  Because the subsequent discourse of the prophet reproaches them, saying, “Sons have I begotten and upraised, but they have reprobated me;”1167

    1167


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 65
    See Isa. i. 7, 8; 4.

    So, again, we find a conditional threat of the sword: “If ye shall have been unwilling, and shall not have been obedient, the glaive shall eat you up.”1442

    1442


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xxiii Pg 8
    Isa. i. 7, 8.

    ever since the time when “Israel acknowledged not the Lord, and the people understood Him not, but forsook Him, and provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger.”3422

    3422


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxv Pg 42
    When the vintage was gathered, Isa. i. 8.

    See, then, whether there be not here a confirmation of the prophet’s word, when he rebukes that ignorance of man toward God which continued to the days of the Son of man. For it was on this account that he inserted the clause that the Father is known by him to whom the Son has revealed Him, because it was even He who was announced as set by the Father to be a light to the Gentiles, who of course required to be enlightened concerning God, as well as to Israel, even by imparting to it a fuller knowledge of God. Arguments, therefore, will be of no use for belief in the rival god which may be suitable4505

    4505 Quæ competere possunt.

    for the Creator, because it is only such as are unfit for the Creator which will be able to advance belief in His rival.  If you look also into the next words, “Blessed are the eyes which see the things which ye see, for I tell you that prophets have not seen the things which ye see,”4506

    4506


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxi Pg 32
    Isa. i. 8.

    since the nation rejected the latest invitation to Christ. (Now, I ask,) after going through all this course of the Creator’s dispensation and prophecies, what there is in it which can possibly be assigned to him who has done all his work at one hasty stroke,4756

    4756 Semel.

    and possesses neither the Creator’s4757

    4757 This is probably the meaning of a very involved sentence: “Quid ex hoc ordine secundum dispensationem et prædicationes Creatoris recensendo competit illi, cujus (“Creatoris”—Oehler) nec ordinem habet nec dispositionem ad parabolæ conspirationem qui totum opus semel facit?”

    course nor His dispensation in harmony with the parable? Or, again in what will consist his first invitation,4758

    4758 “By the fathers.” See above.

    and what his admonition4759

    4759 “By the prophets.” See also above.

    at the second stage? Some at first would surely decline; others afterwards must have accepted.”4760

    4760 An obscure sentence, which thus runs in the original: “Ante debent alii excusare, postea alii convenisse.”

    But now he comes to invite both parties promiscuously out of the city,4761

    4761 The Jews.

    out of the hedges,4762

    4762 The Gentiles.

    contrary to the drift4763

    4763 Speculum.

    of the parable. It is impossible for him now to condemn as scorners of his invitation4764

    4764 Fastidiosos.

    those whom he has never yet invited, and whom he is approaching with so much earnestness. If, however, he condemns them beforehand as about to reject his call, then beforehand he also predicts4765

    4765 Portendit.

    the election of the Gentiles in their stead.  Certainly4766

    4766 Plane: This is a Marcionite position (Oehler).

    he means to come the second time for the very purpose of preaching to the heathen. But even if he does mean to come again, I imagine it will not be with the intention of any longer inviting guests, but of giving to them their places.  Meanwhile, you who interpret the call to this supper as an invitation to a heavenly banquet of spiritual satiety and pleasure, must remember that the earthly promises also of wine and oil and corn, and even of the city, are equally employed by the Creator as figures of spiritual things.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 32
    Isa. i. 8.

    With what constancy has He also, in Psalm xxx., laboured to present to us the very Christ! He calls with a loud voice to the Father, “Into Thine hands I commend my spirit,”5151

    5151


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxi Pg 36
    Isa. lvii. i.

    When does this more frequently happen than in the persecution of His saints? This, indeed, is no ordinary matter,4291

    4291 We have, by understanding res, treated these adjectives as nouns. Rigalt. applies them to the doctrina of the sentence just previous. Perhaps, however, “persecutione” is the noun.

    no common casualty of the law of nature; but it is that illustrious devotion, that fighting for the faith, wherein whosoever loses his life for God saves it, so that you may here again recognize the Judge who recompenses the evil gain of life with its destruction, and the good loss thereof with its salvation. It is, however, a jealous God whom He here presents to me; one who returns evil for evil.  “For whosoever,” says He, “shall be ashamed of me, of him will I also be ashamed.”4292

    4292


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ix Pg 265.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xlii Pg 13
    Jer. v. 8.

    And Isaiah, when preaching in Judea, and reasoning with Israel, termed them “rulers of Sodom” and “people of Gomorrah;”4446

    4446


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.v Pg 20.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.x Pg 12.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 238.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 247.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.iii Pg 15.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 11.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxvi Pg 10
    Jer. ix. 2. [A “remote dwelling-place” rather (σταθμὸν ἔσχατον according to LXX.) to square with the argument.]

    in order that both the sower and the reaper may rejoice together in the kingdom of Christ, who is present with all those who were from the beginning approved by God, who granted them His Word to be present with them.4148

    4148 [The touching words which conclude the former paragraph are illustrated by the noble sentence which begins this paragraph. The childlike spirit of these Fathers recognises Christ everywhere, in the Old Testament, prefigured by countless images and tokens in paternal and legal (ceremonial) forms.]



    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.x Pg 12.2


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xvi Pg 7
    Comp. Isa. v., Jer. xxv.; but the words do not occur in Scripture.

    And it so happened as the Lord had spoken. <index subject1="Temple" subject2="the true" title="147" id="vi.ii.xvi-p7.3"/>Let us inquire, then, if there still is a temple of God. There is—where He himself declared He would make and finish it. For it is written, “And it shall come to pass, when the week is completed, the temple of God shall be built in glory in the name of the Lord.”1678

    1678


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxix Pg 55
    Tertullian calls by a proper name the vineyard which Isaiah (in his chap. v.) designates “the vineyard of the Lord of hosts,” and interprets to be “the house of Israel” (ver. 7). The designation comes from ver. 2, where the original clause ירשֹ והע[טָיִּוַ is translated in the Septuagint, Καὶ ἐφύτευσα ἄμπελον Σωρήκ. Tertullian is most frequently in close agreement with the LXX.

    that when “He looked for righteousness therefrom, there was only a cry4704

    4704


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xvi Pg 7
    Comp. Isa. v., Jer. xxv.; but the words do not occur in Scripture.

    And it so happened as the Lord had spoken. <index subject1="Temple" subject2="the true" title="147" id="vi.ii.xvi-p7.3"/>Let us inquire, then, if there still is a temple of God. There is—where He himself declared He would make and finish it. For it is written, “And it shall come to pass, when the week is completed, the temple of God shall be built in glory in the name of the Lord.”1678

    1678


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxix Pg 55
    Tertullian calls by a proper name the vineyard which Isaiah (in his chap. v.) designates “the vineyard of the Lord of hosts,” and interprets to be “the house of Israel” (ver. 7). The designation comes from ver. 2, where the original clause ירשֹ והע[טָיִּוַ is translated in the Septuagint, Καὶ ἐφύτευσα ἄμπελον Σωρήκ. Tertullian is most frequently in close agreement with the LXX.

    that when “He looked for righteousness therefrom, there was only a cry4704

    4704


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxi Pg 31
    Isa. vi. 5.

    pointing out that man should behold God with his eyes, and hear His voice. In this manner, therefore, did they also see the Son of God as a man conversant with men, while they prophesied what was to happen, saying that He who was not come as yet was present proclaiming also the impassible as subject to suffering, and declaring that He who was then in heaven had descended into the dust of death.4086

    4086


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 6
    Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

    And again He saith, “I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All that see Me have derided Me; they have spoken with their lips; they have wagged their head, [saying] He hoped in God, let Him deliver Him, let Him save Him, since He delighteth in Him.”71

    71


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 20.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 48
    Famulis et magistratibus. It is uncertain what passage this quotation represents. It sounds like some of the clauses of Isa. liii.

    Now, since hatred was predicted against that Son of man who has His mission from the Creator, whilst the Gospel testifies that the name of Christians, as derived from Christ, was to be hated for the Son of man’s sake, because He is Christ, it determines the point that that was the Son of man in the matter of hatred who came according to the Creator’s purpose, and against whom the hatred was predicted. And even if He had not yet come, the hatred of His name which exists at the present day could not in any case have possibly preceded Him who was to bear the name.3980

    3980 Personam nominis.

    But He has both suffered the penalty3981

    3981 Sancitur.

    in our presence, and surrendered His life, laying it down for our sakes, and is held in contempt by the Gentiles. And He who was born (into the world) will be that very Son of man on whose account our name also is rejected.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xxx Pg 5
    This is the sense rather than the words of Isa. liii. 5, 6.

    In this manner He “forsook” Him, in not sparing Him; “forsook” Him, in delivering Him up. In all other respects the Father did not forsake the Son, for it was into His Father’s hands that the Son commended His spirit.8189

    8189


    Npnf-201 iv.viii.xvi Pg 16


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvii Pg 5
    Job xiv. 4, 5. [Septuagint.]

    <index subject1="Moses" title="10" id="ii.ii.xvii-p5.2"/>Moses was called faithful in all God’s house;76

    76


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xi Pg 2.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 229.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xxi Pg 51.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xlii Pg 13
    Jer. v. 8.

    And Isaiah, when preaching in Judea, and reasoning with Israel, termed them “rulers of Sodom” and “people of Gomorrah;”4446

    4446


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.v Pg 20.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.x Pg 12.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 238.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 247.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.iii Pg 15.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 11.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxvi Pg 10
    Jer. ix. 2. [A “remote dwelling-place” rather (σταθμὸν ἔσχατον according to LXX.) to square with the argument.]

    in order that both the sower and the reaper may rejoice together in the kingdom of Christ, who is present with all those who were from the beginning approved by God, who granted them His Word to be present with them.4148

    4148 [The touching words which conclude the former paragraph are illustrated by the noble sentence which begins this paragraph. The childlike spirit of these Fathers recognises Christ everywhere, in the Old Testament, prefigured by countless images and tokens in paternal and legal (ceremonial) forms.]



    Anf-01 ix.vi.xlii Pg 13
    Jer. v. 8.

    And Isaiah, when preaching in Judea, and reasoning with Israel, termed them “rulers of Sodom” and “people of Gomorrah;”4446

    4446


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.v Pg 20.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.x Pg 12.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 238.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 247.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.iii Pg 15.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 11.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxvi Pg 10
    Jer. ix. 2. [A “remote dwelling-place” rather (σταθμὸν ἔσχατον according to LXX.) to square with the argument.]

    in order that both the sower and the reaper may rejoice together in the kingdom of Christ, who is present with all those who were from the beginning approved by God, who granted them His Word to be present with them.4148

    4148 [The touching words which conclude the former paragraph are illustrated by the noble sentence which begins this paragraph. The childlike spirit of these Fathers recognises Christ everywhere, in the Old Testament, prefigured by countless images and tokens in paternal and legal (ceremonial) forms.]



    Anf-01 ix.vi.xlii Pg 13
    Jer. v. 8.

    And Isaiah, when preaching in Judea, and reasoning with Israel, termed them “rulers of Sodom” and “people of Gomorrah;”4446

    4446


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.v Pg 20.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.x Pg 12.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 238.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 247.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.iii Pg 15.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 11.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxvi Pg 10
    Jer. ix. 2. [A “remote dwelling-place” rather (σταθμὸν ἔσχατον according to LXX.) to square with the argument.]

    in order that both the sower and the reaper may rejoice together in the kingdom of Christ, who is present with all those who were from the beginning approved by God, who granted them His Word to be present with them.4148

    4148 [The touching words which conclude the former paragraph are illustrated by the noble sentence which begins this paragraph. The childlike spirit of these Fathers recognises Christ everywhere, in the Old Testament, prefigured by countless images and tokens in paternal and legal (ceremonial) forms.]



    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 24

    VERSE 	(4) - 

    Isa 3:26; 28:1; 33:9; 64:6 Jer 4:28; 12:4 Ho 4:3


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

    God Rules.NET