SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:30 Y entró Benaía al tabernáculo del SEÑOR, y le dijo: El rey ha dicho que salgas. Y él dijo: No, sino que aquí moriré. Y Benaía volvió con esta respuesta al rey, diciendo: Así habló Joab, y así me respondió.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Kings 2:30 Verse 30. Nay; but I will die here.] The altars were so sacred among all the people, that, in general, even the vilest wretch found safety, if he once reached the altar. This led to many abuses, and the perversion of public justice; and at last it became a maxim that the guilty should be punished, should they even have taken refuge at the altars. God decreed that the presumptuous murderer who had taken refuge at the altar should be dragged thence, and put to death; see Exod. xxi. 14. The heathens had the same kind of ordinance; hence Euripides:- egw gar ostiv mh dikaiov wn anhr bwmon prosizei, ton nomon cairein ewn, prov thn dikhn agoimÆ an, au tresav qeouv? kakon gar andra crh kakwv pascein aei. EURIPID. Frag. 42. Edit. Musg.
"If an unrighteous man, availing himself of the law, should claim the protection of the altar, I would drag him to justice, nor fear the wrath of the gods; for it is necessary that every wicked man should suffer for his crimes."
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 30. And Benaiah came to the tabernacle of the Lord , etc.] At Gibeon: and said unto him ; that is, to Joab: thus saith the king, come forth ; meaning, out of the tabernacle; which plainly shows that his orders were not to slay him in it: and he said, nay, but I will die here ; since he must die, he chose to die there; but what was his reason for it is not so clear; the Jews, some of them, say, to save his goods, and that they might come to his heirs, which would have been forfeited to the crown if he had been tried and condemned in a court of judicature; others, that he might be buried with his ancestors, whereas, had he been sentenced to death by the court, he would have been buried in the common place of malefactors; but rather he thought, or at least hoped, he should not die at all; either that, by gaining time, Solomon might be prevailed upon to pardon him; or however that he would not defile that sacred place with his blood; or, if he should die, he chose to die there, as being a sacred place, and so might hope to receive some benefit from it, as to his future state, where sacrifices were offered to atone for sin: and Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, thus said Joab, and thus he answered me ; told me he would not come out, and, if he must die, he would die there.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 26-34 - Solomon's words to Abiathar, and his silence, imply that some recen conspiracies had been entered into. Those that show kindness to God' people shall have it remembered to their advantage. For this reaso Solomon spares Abiathar's life, but dismisses him from his offices. I case of such sins as the blood of beasts would atone for, the altar wa a refuge, but not in Joab's case. Solomon looks upward to God as the Author of peace, and forward to eternity as the perfection of it. The Lord of peace himself gives us that peace which is everlasting.
Original Hebrew ויבא 935 בניהו 1141 אל 413 אהל 168 יהוה 3068 ויאמר 559 אליו 413 כה 3541 אמר 559 המלך 4428 צא 3318 ויאמר 559 לא 3808 כי 3588 פה 6311 אמות 4191 וישׁב 7725 בניהו 1141 את 853 המלך 4428 דבר 1697 לאמר 559 כה 3541 דבר 1696 יואב 3097 וכה 3541 ענני׃ 6030