SEV Biblia, Chapter 30:28 Y su Espíritu, como arroyo que sale de madre, partirá hasta el cuello, para zarandear a los gentiles con criba de vanidad; y poner freno que les haga errar en las quijadas de los pueblos.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Isaiah 30:28 Verse 28. To sift the nations with a sieve of vanity "To toss the nations with the van of perdition"] The word hpnhl lahanaphah is in its form very irregular. Kimchi says it is for Pynhl lehaniph. Houbigant supposes it to be a mistake, and shows the cause of it; the joining it to the h he, which should begin the following word. The true reading is µywgh Pynhl lehaniph haggoyim, "to sift the nations." The Vulgate seems to be the only one of the ancient interpreters who has explained rightly the sense; but he has dropped the image: ad perdendas gentes in nihilum, "to reduce the nations to nothing. " Kimchi's explanation is to the following effect: " hpn naphah is a van with which they winnow corn; and its use is to cleanse the corn from the chaff and straw: but the van with which God will winnow the nations will be the van of emptiness or perdition; for nothing useful shall remain behind, but all shall come to nothing, and perish. In like manner, a bridle is designed to guide the horse in the right way; but the bridle which God will put in the jaws of the people shall not direct them aright, but shall make them err, and lead them into destruction. " This latter image the prophet has applied to the same subject afterwards, ch. xxxvii. xxix. - "I will put my bridle in thy jaws, And turn thee back by the way in which thou camest." And as for the former it is to be observed, that the van of the ancients was a large instrument, somewhat like a shovel, with a long handle, with which they tossed the corn mixed with the chaff and chopped straw into the air, that the wind might separate them. See Hammond on Matt. iii. 12.
There shall be a bridle in the jaws] A metaphor taken from a headstrong, unruly horse: the bridle checks, restrains, and directs him.
What the true God does in restraining sinners has been also attributed to the false gods of the heathen. Thus AEschylus, prom. Vinct. 6xci. - allq ephnagkaze nin diov calinov prov bian prassein tade.
"But the bridle of Jupiter violently constrained him to do these things."
Matthew Henry Commentary
The Jews reproved for seeking aid from Egypt. (Is. 30:1-7) Judgement in consequence of their contempt of God's word. (Is. 30:8-18) God' mercies to his church. (Is. 30:19-26) The ruin of the Assyrian army and of all God's enemies. (Is. 30:27-33)
Is. 30:1-7 It was often the fault and folly of the Jews, that when troubled by their neighbours on one side, they sought for succour from others, instead of looking up to God. Nor can we avoid the dreadfu consequences of adding sin to sin, but by making the righteousness of Christ our refuge, and seeking for the sanctification of the Holy Spirit. Men have always been prone to lean to their own understandings but this will end in their shame and misery. They would not trust in God. They took much pains to gain the Egyptians. The riches so spen turned to a bad account. See what dangers men run into who forsake God to follow their carnal confidences. The Creator is the Rock of ages the creature a broken reed; we cannot expect too little from man, or too much from God. Our strength is to sit still, in humble dependenc upon God and his goodness, and quiet submission to his will.
Is. 30:8-18 The Jews were the only professing people God then had in the world, yet many among them were rebellious. They had the light, but they loved darkness rather. The prophets checked them in their sinfu pursuits, so that they could not proceed without fear; this they too amiss. But faithful ministers will not be driven from seeking to awake sinners. God is the Holy One of Israel, and so they shall find him They did not like to hear of his holy commandments and his hatred of sin; they desired that they might no more be reminded of these things But as they despised the word of God, their sins undermined their safety. Their state would be dashed in pieces like a potter's vessel Let us return from our evil ways, and settle in the way of duty; tha is the way to be saved. Would we be strengthened, it must be in quietness and in confidence, keeping peace in our own minds, an relying upon God. They think themselves wiser than God; but the projec by which they thought to save themselves was their ruin. Only here an there one shall escape, as a warning to others. If men will not repent turn to God, and seek happiness in his favour and service, their desires will but hasten their ruin. Those who make God alone their confidence, will have comfort. God ever waits to be gracious to all that come to him by faith in Christ, and happy are those who wait for him.
Is. 30:19-26 God's people will soon arrive at the Zion above, and the they will weep no more for ever. Even now they would have more comfort as well as holiness, if they were more constant in prayer. A famine of bread is not so great a judgment as a famine of the word of God. Ther are right-hand and left-hand errors; the tempter is busy courting u into by-paths. It is happy if, by the counsels of a faithful ministe or friend, or the checks of conscience, and the strivings of God the Spirit, we are set right when doubting, and prevented from going wrong They shall be cured of their idolatry. To all true penitents sin becomes very hateful. This is shown daily in the conversion of souls by the power of Divine grace, to the fear and love of God. Abundan means of grace, with the influences of the Holy Spirit, would be extended to places destitute of them. The effect of this should be comfort and joy to the people of God. Light, that is, knowledge, shal increase. This is the light which the gospel brought into the world and which proclaims healing to the broken-hearted.
Is. 30:27-33 God curbs and restrains from doing mischief. With a wor he guides his people into the right way, but with a bridle he turns his enemies upon their own ruin. Here, in threatening the ruin of Sennacherib's army, the prophet points at the final and everlastin destruction of all impenitent sinners. Tophet was a valley nea Jerusalem, where fires were continually burning to destroy things tha were hurtful and offensive, and there the idolatrous Jews caused their children to pass through the fire to Moloch. This denotes the certaint of the destruction, as an awful emblem of the place of torment in the other world. No oppressor shall escape the Divine wrath. Let sinner then flee to Christ, seeking to be reconciled to Him, that they may be safe and happy, when destruction from the Almighty shall sweep away all the workers of iniquity __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ורוחו 7307 כנחל 5158 שׁוטף 7857 עד 5704 צואר 6677 יחצה 2673 להנפה 5130 גוים 1471 בנפת 5299 שׁוא 7723 ורסן 7448 מתעה 8582 על 5921 לחיי 3895 עמים׃ 5971