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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Matthew 28:18


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    King James Bible - Matthew 28:18

    And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

    World English Bible

    Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth.

    Douay-Rheims - Matthew 28:18

    And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All
    power is given to me in heaven and in earth.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And Jesus came, and spoke to them, saying, All
    power is given to me in heaven and upon earth.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ προσελθων 4334 5631 V-2AAP-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM ελαλησεν 2980 5656 V-AAI-3S αυτοις 846 P-DPM λεγων 3004 5723 V-PAP-NSM εδοθη 1325 5681 V-API-3S μοι 3427 P-1DS πασα 3956 A-NSF εξουσια 1849 N-NSF εν 1722 PREP ουρανω 3772 N-DSM και 2532 CONJ επι 1909 PREP γης 1093 N-GSF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (18) -
    Mt 11:27; 16:28 Ps 2:6-9; 89:19,27; 110:1-3 Isa 9:6,7 Da 7:14

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 28:18

    Y llegando Jess, les habl, diciendo: Toda potestad me es dada en el cielo y en la tierra.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Matthew 28:18

    Verse 18. And
    Jesus came and spake unto them] It is supposed by some that the reason why any doubted was, that when they saw Jesus at first, he was at a distance; but when he came up, drew near to them, they were fully persuaded of the identity of his person.

    All power is given unto me] Or, All authority in heaven and upon earth is given unto me. One fruit of the sufferings and resurrection of Christ is represented to be, his having authority or right in heaven to send down the Holy Spirit-to raise up his followers thither-and to crown them in the kingdom of an endless glory: in earth, to convert sinners; to sanctify, protect, and perfect his Church; to subdue all nations to himself; and, finally, to judge all mankind. If Jesus Christ were not equal with the Father, could he have claimed this equality of power, without being guilty of impiety and blasphemy? Surely not; and does he not, in the fullest manner, assert his Godhead, and his equality with the Father, by claiming and possessing all the authority in heaven and earth?-i.e. all the power and authority by which both empires are governed?


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 18. And Jesus came and spake unto them , etc.] To the eleven disciples and apostles; for though there might be so large a number as before observed, yet the following words were only spoken to the apostles: saying, all power is given unto me in heaven and in earth ; which is to be understood of him, not as God, who has the same original and underived power and authority over all creatures, and things in heaven and earth, as the Father has; but as mediator, to whom all things are delivered by the Father; and not of a power of doing this, or the other thing, or of omnipotence, being the Almighty; nor of doing miracles, and forgiving sins, which he had, and exercised before his death and resurrection, but of governing: he was king before, but his kingdom was not with observation; but now he was declared, and made manifest, to be both Lord and Christ; he had all power and authority for the settling the affairs of his church and kingdom, to appoint offices and officers in it, and, to bestow gifts upon men, to qualify them for the same, and to institute ordinances to be observed till his second coming: and this power of his reached to things in heaven; he having the angels in heaven subject to him, as ministering spirits to be sent forth by him at his pleasure; and all the gifts of the Spirit to dispose of as he thought good; and to things on earth, not only to the saints, whose King he is, and who are made willing to serve him; but to all flesh, to kings and princes, who rule and reign by him; and even to all the wicked of the world, who in some shape or another are made to subserve the ends of his mediatorial kingdom and government: and this is not usurped power, but what is given him, and what he has a right to exercise; having finished sin, abolished death, overcome the world, and destroyed the devil; and must reign till all enemies are subject to him: and this he says, and it was necessary to say it at this time, partly on account of his late sufferings and death, which were attended with weakness and reproach; and partly on account of the following commission he gives to his disciples, that it might be seen and believed, he had power and authority sufficient to give them such an one; as also to animate and encourage them under all the weakness, contempt, and persecution that should attend them in their ministry. The Syriac and Persic versions add, as the Father hath sent me, even so I send you, as in ( John 20:21), from whence these words seem to be taken.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 16-20 - This
    evangelist passes over other appearances of Christ, recorded by Luke and John, and hastens to the most solemn; one appointed before his death, and after his resurrection. All that see the Lord Jesus with a eye of faith, will worship him. Yet the faith of the sincere may be very weak and wavering. But Christ gave such convincing proofs of his resurrection, as made their faith to triumph over doubts. He no solemnly commissioned the apostles and his ministers to go forth amon all nations. The salvation they were to preach, is a common salvation whoever will, let him come, and take the benefit; all are welcome to Christ Jesus. Christianity is the religion of a sinner who applies for salvation from deserved wrath and from sin; he applies to the mercy of the Father, through the atonement of the incarnate Son, and by the sanctification of the Holy Spirit, and gives up himself to be the worshipper and servant of God, as the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost three Persons but one God, in all his ordinances and commandments Baptism is an outward sign of that inward washing, or sanctification of the Spirit, which seals and evidences the believer's justification. Le us examine ourselves, whether we really possess the inward an spiritual grace of a death unto sin, and a new birth unt righteousness, by which those who were the children of wrath become the children of God. Believers shall have the constant presence of their Lord always; all days, every day. There is no day, no hour of the day in which our Lord Jesus is not present with his churches and with his ministers; if there were, in that day, that hour, they would be undone The God of Israel, the Saviour, is sometimes a God that hideth himself but never a God at a distance. To these precious words Amen is added Even so, Lord Jesus, be thou with us and all thy people; cause thy fac to shine upon us, that thy way may be known upon earth, thy savin health among all nations __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ προσελθων 4334 5631 V-2AAP-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM ελαλησεν 2980 5656 V-AAI-3S αυτοις 846 P-DPM λεγων 3004 5723 V-PAP-NSM εδοθη 1325 5681 V-API-3S μοι 3427 P-1DS πασα 3956 A-NSF εξουσια 1849 N-NSF εν 1722 PREP ουρανω 3772 N-DSM και 2532 CONJ επι 1909 PREP γης 1093 N-GSF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    18. Came to. Verse 17 evidently describes the impression made by seeing him at a
    distance. Possibly from feeling of modesty they had not ventured close to him. Jesus now approaches and addressed them.

    Spake-saying (elalhsenlegwn). Two different words are here used to express speech, with a nice distinction which can hardly be conveyed without paraphrase. The verb lalein is used of speaking, in contrast with or as a breaking of silence, voluntary or imposed. Thus the dumb man, after he was healed, spake (elalhsen); and Zacharias, when his tongue was loosed, began to speak (elalei). In the use of the word the writer contemplates the fact rather than the substance of speech. Hence it is used of God (Heb. i. 1), the point being, not what God said, but the fact that he spake to men. On the contrary, legein refers to the matter of speech. The verb originally means to pick out, and hence to use words selected as appropriate expressions of thought, and to put such words together in orderly discourse. Here, then, we have Jesus first breaking silence (elalhsen), and then discoursing (legwn).

    Power (exousia). Better, authority, as Rev.

    Is given (edoqh). Lit., was given, by the divine decree.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    28:18 {All authority} (pasa exousia). Jesus came close to them (proselth"n) and made this astounding claim. He spoke as one already in heaven with a world-wide outlook and with the resources of heaven at his command. His authority or power in his earthly life had been great (#7:29; 11:27; 21:23f.). Now it is boundless and includes earth and heaven. {Hath been given} (edoqe) is a timeless aorist (Robertson, _Grammar_, pp. 836f.). It is the sublimist of all spectacles to see the Risen Christ without money or army or state charging this band of five hundred men and women with world conquest and bringing them to believe it possible and to undertake it with serious passion and power. Pentecost is still to come, but dynamic faith rules on this mountain in Galilee.


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