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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Acts 8:27


    CHAPTERS: Acts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Acts 8:27

    And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem for to worship,

    World English Bible

    He arose and went; and behold, there was a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was
    over all her treasure, who had come to Jerusalem to worship.

    Douay-Rheims - Acts 8:27

    And rising up, he went. And behold a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch, of great authority under Candace the queen of the Ethiopians, who had charge
    over all her treasures, had come to Jerusalem to adore.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And he arose, and went: and behold, a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem to worship,

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ αναστας 450 5631 V-2AAP-NSM επορευθη 4198 5675 V-AOI-3S και 2532 CONJ ιδου 2400 5628 V-2AAM-2S ανηρ 435 N-NSM αιθιοψ 128 N-NSM ευνουχος 2135 N-NSM δυναστης 1413 N-NSM κανδακης 2582 N-GSF της 3588 T-GSF βασιλισσης 938 N-GSF αιθιοπων 128 N-GPM ος 3739 R-NSM ην 2258 5713 V-IXI-3S επι 1909 PREP πασης 3956 A-GSF της 3588 T-GSF γαζης 1047 N-GSF αυτης 846 P-GSF ος 3739 R-NSM εληλυθει 2064 5715 V-LAI-3S προσκυνησων 4352 5694 V-FAP-NSM εις 1519 PREP ιερουσαλημ 2419 N-PRI

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (27) -
    Mt 21:2-6 Mr 14:13-16 Joh 2:5-8 Heb 11:8

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 8:27

    Entonces l se levant, y fue; y he aquí un Etíope, eunuco, gobernador de Candace, reina de los Etíopes, el cual era puesto sobre todos sus tesoros, y había venido a adorar a Jerusaln,

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Acts 8:27

    Verse 27. A man of
    Ethiopia] anhr aiqioy should be translated an Ethiopian, for the reasons given on chap. vii. 2.

    An eunuch] See this word interpreted, on Matt. xix. 12. The term eunuch was given to persons in authority at court, to whom its literal meaning did not apply. Potiphar was probably an eunuch only as to his office; for he was a married man. See Genesis xxxvii. 36; xxxix. 1. And it is likely that this Ethiopian was of the same sort.

    Of great authority] dunasthv, A perfect lord chamberlain of the royal household; or, rather, her treasurer, for it is here said, he had charge of all her treasure, hn epi pashv thv gazhv authv. The apparent Greek word gaza, Gaza, is generally allowed to be Persian, from the authority of Servius, who, in his comment on AEn. lib. i. ver. c18: - Apparent rari nantes in gurgite vasto, Arma virum, tabulaeque, et Troia GAZA per undas.

    "And here and there above the waves are seen Arms, pictures, precious goods, and floating men." DRYDEN.

    The words of Servius are: "Gaza Persicus sermo est, et significat divitias; unde Gaza urbs in Palaestina dicitur, quod in ea Cambyses rex Persarum cum AEgyptiis bellum inferret divitias suas condidit." GAZA is a Persian word, and signifies RICHES: hence Gaza, a city in Palestine, was so called because Cambyses, king of Persia, laid up his treasures in it, when he waged war with the Egyptians. The nearest Persian word of this signification which I find is (Persian) gunj, or ganz, and (Persian) gunja, which signify a magazine, store, hoard, or hidden treasure. The Arabic (Arabic) kluzaneh, comes as near as the Persian, with the same meaning.

    Hence (Arabic) makhzen, called magazen by the Spaniards, and magazine by the English; a word which signifies a collection of stores or treasures, or the place where they are laid up. It is scarcely necessary to remark that this name is given also to certain monthly publications, which are, or profess to be, a store of treasures, or repository of precious, or valuable things.

    But who was Candace? It is granted that she is not found in the common lists of Ethiopic sovereigns with which we have been favoured. But neither the Abyssinians nor the Jews admitted women in their genealogies. I shall not enter into this controversy, but shall content myself with quoting the words of Mr. Bruce. "It is known," says he, "from credible writers engaged in no controversy, that this Candace reigned upon the Nile in Atbara, near Egypt. Her capital also, was taken in the time of Augustus, a few years before the conversion of the slave by Philip; and we shall have occasion often to mention her successors and her kingdom, as existing in the reign of the Abyssinian kings, long after the Mohammedan conquest: they existed when I passed through Atbara, and do undoubtedly exist there to this day."-Bruce's Travels, vol. ii. p. 431.

    It does not appear, as some have imagined, that the Abyssinians were converted to the Christian faith by this eunuch, nor by any of the apostles; as there is strong historic evidence that they continued Jews and Pagans for more than three hundred years after the Christian aera. Their conversion is with great probability attributed to Frumentius, sent to Abyssinia for that purpose by Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, about A.D. 330. See Bruce as above.

    The Ethiopians mentioned here are those who inhabited the isle or peninsula of Meroe, above and southward of Egypt. It is the district which Mr. Bruce calls Atbara, and which he proves formerly bore the name of Meroe. This place, according to Diodourus Siculus, had its name from Meroe, daughter of Cambyses, king of Persia, who died there in the expedition which her father undertook against the Ethiopians. Strabo mentions a queen in this very district named Candace: his words are remarkable. Speaking of an insurrection of the Ethiopians against the Romans he says: toutwn d hsan kai oi basilisshv strathgoi thv kandakhv, h kaq hmav hrxe twn aiqiopwn, andrikh tiv gunh, pephrwenh ton ofqalmon, "Among these were the officers of Queen CANDACE, who in our days reigned over the Ethiopians. She was a masculine woman, and blind of one eye." Though this could not have been the Candace mentioned in the text, it being a little before the Christian aera, yet it establishes the fact that a queen of this name did reign in this place; and we learn from others that it was a common name to the queens of Ethiopia. Pliny, giving an account of the report made by Nero's messengers, who were sent to examine this country, says, AEdificia oppidi (Meroes) pauca: regnare faeminam CANDACEN; quod nomen multis jam annis ad reginas transiit. Hist. Nat. lib. vi. cap. 29, ad fin. They reported that "the edifices of the city were few: that a woman reigned there of the name of Candace; which name had passed to their queens, successively, for many years." To one of those queens the eunuch in the text belonged; and the above is sufficient authority to prove that queens of this name reigned over this part of Ethiopia.

    Had come to Jerusalem for to worship] Which is a proof that he was a worshipper of the God of Israel; but how came he acquainted with the Jewish religion? Let us, for a little, examine this question. In 1 Kings x. 1, &c., we have the account of the visit paid to Solomon by the queen of Sheba, the person to whom our Lord refers, Matt. xii. 42, and Luke xi. 31. It has been long credited by the Abyssinians that this queen, who by some is called Balkis, by others Maqueda, was not only instructed by Solomon in the Jewish religion, but also established it in her own empire on her return; that she had a son by Solomon named Menilek, who succeeded her in the kingdom; and, from that time till the present, they have preserved the Jewish religion. Mr. Bruce throws some light upon this subject: the substance of what he says is the following: "There can be no doubt of the expedition of the queen of Sheba; as Pagan, Moor, Arab, Abyssinian, and all the countries round, vouch for it, nearly in the terms of Scripture. Our saviour calls her queen of the south; and she is called, in 1 Kings x. 1, &c., 2 Chron. ix. 1, &c., queen of Sheba or Saba; for Saba, Azab, and Azaba, all signify the south: and she is said to have come from the uttermost parts of the earth. In our Saviour's time the boundaries of the known land, southward, were Raptam or Prassum; which were the uttermost parts of the known earth, and were with great propriety so styled by our Lord. The gold, myrrh, cassia, and frankincense, which she brought with her, are all products of that country. The annals of the Abyssinians state that she was a pagan when she left Saba or Azab, to visit Solomon; and that she was there converted and had a son by Solomon, who succeeded her in the kingdom, as stated above. All the inhabitants of this country, whether Jews or Christians, believe this; and, farther, that the 45th Psalm was a prophecy of her journey to Jerusalem; that she was accompanied by a daughter of Hiram from Tyre; and that the latter part of the Psalms is a prophecy of her having a son by Solomon, and of his ruling over the Gentiles." Travels, vol.

    ii. page 395, &c. All this being granted, and especially the Scripture fact of the queen of Sheba's visit, and the great probability, supported by uninterrupted tradition, that she established the Jewish religion in her dominions on her return, we may at once see that the eunuch in question was a descendant of those Jews; or that he was a proselyte in his own country to the Jewish faith, and was now come up at the great feast to worship God at Jerusalem. Mr. Bruce may be right; but some think that Saba, in Arabia Felix, is meant: see the note on Matt. xii. 42.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 27. And he arose and went , etc.] As soon as he had his orders, he immediately obeyed them; he made no dispute about the matter, though he was directed only part of his way, and had no account of what he went about, or was to do; and behold, a man of Ethiopia ; or a man, an Ethiopian; an Hebraism, such as a man a Jew, ( Zechariah 8:23) wherefore his being called a man, is no contradiction to his being an eunuch; for the word man does not regard his sex, but with the other the country of which he was; and it is the same as if he had only been called an Ethiopian, which signifies one of a black countenance; for Ethiopia was not so called from Ethiops, the son of Vulcan, who is said to reign over it, but from the colour of its inhabitants; ( Jeremiah 13:23, Amos 9:7). This country in the Hebrew language is called Cush, and the people of it Cushites, from Cush the son of Ham, ( Genesis 10:6) And so Josephus says f417 , that the Ethiopians over whom he (Cush) reigned, are now by themselves, and by all in Asia, called Chuseans; and so likewise the inhabitants of upper Ethiopia, or the Abyssines, are to this day called Cussinns, by the Portuguese. Geographers make mention of two Ethiopias, one in Africa, divided into upper and lower, and which is here meant; and the other in Asia and a part of Arabia, and which is the Ethiopia spoken of in the Old Testament: a note of admiration is prefixed, to observe to us what was remarkable in providence that just at this time, and in this way, such a man should be travelling; and what was still a greater wonder of grace, that such an one should be the object of Gods peculiar favour, and should be chosen and called, have the Gospel preached to him, and be admitted to an ordinance of it; whereby some prophecies began to have their accomplishment in part, ( Psalm 68:31, Zephaniah 3:10) An eunuch of great authority ; he might be one that was literally so, it being common for eastern princes and great men to have such persons as guards over their wives, to preserve their chastity; and so hereby was a fulfilment in part of ( Isaiah 56:3-5) though this word is used to denote a person in office: so Potiphar is called syrs , an eunuch, though he had a wife, and which we rightly render an officer; and the Chaldee paraphrase renders it, abr , a prince, or great man, ( Genesis 39:1). So Balaam is said to be one of the kings eunuchs, and yet Jannes and Jambres are said to be his sons; and the word Dynastes here used, which we translate of great authority, may be considered as explanative of the word eunuch; to teach us, that this word was not expressive of his case, but a title of office: it is reported of this eunuch, that after his conversion he preached the Gospel to the inhabitants of Zeylan and Arabia Felix, and in the island of Traprobane in the Red sea, and at last suffered martyrdom f419 : this great person said to be under Candace queen of the Ethiopians ; that is, of those Ethiopians who inhabited the island of Meroe; for Candace, or Candaoce, as Pliny reads it, was a common name of the queens of that island, as Pharaoh was of the Egyptian kings, and Caesar of the Roman emperors: the word Candace signifies a governor of children, that is, servants; it is derived from the Ethiopic word ynq , Kani, which signifies to govern; and from qd , Dak, a child, or servant; and the king of the Abyssines is to this day called Prestar Chan, or Kan, a prince of servants, who is commonly and corruptly called Prester John; and Chan, or Kan, is a well known name for an emperor or governor in the eastern countries as with the Tartars and Persians, witness the late famous Kouli Kan. Some say f421 , her proper name was Judith, others Lacasa f422 , and others Hendake, or Indich; which, as Ludolphus observes, is no other than Candace; though this last name Indich, according to Zaga Zabo, an ambassador of the king of the Ethiopians, was the name of the eunuch himself; his words, as reported by Damianus a Goes f424 , are these; we, almost before all other Christians, received baptism from the eunuch of Candace, queen of Ethiopia, whose name was Indich: who had the charge of all her treasure ; was her lord treasurer; which shows, that he was not an eunuch to her on account of chastity, but an high officer in her kingdom: the word Gaza here used, signifies in the Persian language treasure, or treasury f425 . The Ethiopic version takes it for the name of a place, and renders it, and he was governor of the city of Gaza, but very wrongly: and had come to Jerusalem for to worship; hence he seems to have been either a Jew by birth, or rather a proselyte to the Jewish religion; and had been at Jerusalem at one of their annual feasts, the passover, pentecost, or tabernacles, to worship the God of Israel, whom he believed to be the only true God.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 26-40 -
    Philip was directed to go to a desert. Sometimes God opens a door of opportunity to his ministers in very unlikely places. We should stud to do good to those we come into company with by travelling. We shoul not be so shy of all strangers as some affect to be. As to those of whom we know nothing else, we know this, that they have souls. It is wisdom for men of business to redeem time for holy duties; to fill u every minute with something which will turn to a good account. I reading the word of God, we should often pause, to inquire of whom an of what the sacred writers spake; but especially our thoughts should be employed about the Redeemer. The Ethiopian was convinced by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, of the exact fulfilment of the Scripture was made to understand the nature of the Messiah's kingdom an salvation, and desired to be numbered among the disciples of Christ Those who seek the truth, and employ their time in searching the Scriptures, will be sure to reap advantages. The avowal of the Ethiopian must be understood as expressing simple reliance on Chris for salvation, and unreserved devotion to Him. Let us not be satisfie till we get faith, as the Ethiopian did, by diligent study of the Holy Scriptures, and the teaching of the Spirit of God; let us not be satisfied till we get it fixed as a principle in our hearts. As soon a he was baptized, the Spirit of God took Philip from him, so that he saw him no more; but this tended to confirm his faith. When the inquire after salvation becomes acquainted with Jesus and his gospel, he wil go on his way rejoicing, and will fill up his station in society, an discharge his duties, from other motives, and in another manner tha heretofore. Though baptized in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, with water, it is not enough without the baptism of the Holy Ghost. Lord, grant this to every one of us; then shall we go on our wa rejoicing __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ αναστας 450 5631 V-2AAP-NSM επορευθη 4198 5675 V-AOI-3S και 2532 CONJ ιδου 2400 5628 V-2AAM-2S ανηρ 435 N-NSM αιθιοψ 128 N-NSM ευνουχος 2135 N-NSM δυναστης 1413 N-NSM κανδακης 2582 N-GSF της 3588 T-GSF βασιλισσης 938 N-GSF αιθιοπων 128 N-GPM ος 3739 R-NSM ην 2258 5713 V-IXI-3S επι 1909 PREP πασης 3956 A-GSF της 3588 T-GSF γαζης 1047 N-GSF αυτης 846 P-GSF ος 3739 R-NSM εληλυθει 2064 5715 V-LAI-3S προσκυνησων 4352 5694 V-FAP-NSM εις 1519 PREP ιερουσαλημ 2419 N-PRI

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    27. Of
    Ethiopia. The name for the lands lying south of Egypt, including the modern Nubia, Cordofan, and Northern Abyssinia. Rawlinson speaks of subjects of the Ethiopian queens living in an island near Meroe, in the northern part of this district. He further remarks: "The monuments prove beyond all question that the Ethiopians borrowed from Egypt their religion and their habits of civilization. They even adopted the Egyptian as the language of religion and of the court, which it continued to be till the power of the Pharaohs had fallen, and their dominion was again confined to the frontier of Ethiopia. It was through Egypt, too, that Christianity passed into Ethiopia, even in the age of the apostles, as is shown by the eunuch of Queen Candace."

    Of great authority (dunasthv). A general term for a potentate.

    Candace. The common name of the queens of Meroe: a titular distinction, like Pharaoh in Egypt, or Caesar at Rome.

    Treasure (gazhv). Only here in New Testament. A Persian word.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    8:27 {A eunuch of great authority} (eunoucos dunastes). Eunuchs were often employed by oriental rulers in high posts. _Dynasty_ comes from this old word dunastes used of princes in #Lu 1:52 and of God in #1Ti 6:15. Eunuchs were not allowed to be Jews in the full sense (#De 23:1), but only convert of the gate. But Christianity is spreading to Samaritans and to eunuchs. {Candace} (kandakes). Not a personal name, but like Pharaoh and Ptolemy, the title of the queens of Ethiopia. this eunuch apparently brought the gospel to Ethiopia. {Treasure} (gazes). Persian word, common in late Greek and Latin for the royal treasure, here only in the N.T. {For to worship} (proskuneswn). Future active participle expressing purpose, a common idiom in the ancient Greek, but rare in the N.T. (Robertson, _Grammar_, p. 1128).


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