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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Exodus 12:8


    CHAPTERS: Exodus 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40     

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    King James Bible - Exodus 12:8

    And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

    World English Bible

    They shall eat the flesh in that
    night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread. They shall eat it with bitter herbs.

    Douay-Rheims - Exodus 12:8

    And they shall eat the flesh that
    night roasted at the fire, and unleavened bread with wild lettuce.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And they shall eat the flesh in that
    night, roasted with fire; and unleavened bread, and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

    Original Hebrew

    ואכלו
    398 את 853 הבשׂר 1320 בלילה 3915 הזה 2088 צלי 6748 אשׁ 784 ומצות 4682 על 5921 מררים 4844 יאכלהו׃ 398

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (8) -
    Mt 26:26 Joh 6:52-57

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 12:8

    Y aquella noche comerán la carne asada al fuego, y panes sin levadura; con hierbas amargas lo comerán.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:8

    Verse 8. They shall eat the flesh-roast with
    fire] As it was the ordinary custom of the Jews to boil their flesh, some think that the command given here was in opposition to the custom of the Egyptians, who ate raw flesh in honour of Osiris. The AEthiopians are to this day remarkable for eating raw flesh, as is the case with most savage nations.

    Unleavened bread] twxm matstsoth, from hxm matsah, to squeeze or compress, because the bread prepared without leaven or yeast was generally compressed, sad or heavy, as we term it. The word here properly signifies unleavened cakes; the word for leaven in Hebrew is Ċmj chamets, which simply signifies to ferment. It is supposed that leaven was forbidden on this and other occasions, that the bread being less agreeable to the taste, it might be emblematical of their bondage and bitter servitude, as this seems to have been one design of the bitter herbs which were commanded to be used on this occasion; but this certainly was not the sole design of the prohibition: leaven itself is a species of corruption, being produced by fermentation, which in such cases tends to putrefaction. In this very light St. Paul considers the subject in this place; hence, alluding to the passover as a type of Christ, he says: Purge out therefore the old leaven- for Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth; 1 Corinthians v. 6-8.

    Bitter herbs] What kind of herbs or salad is intended by the word µyrrm merorim, which literally signifies bitters, is not well known. The Jews think chicory, wild lettuce, horehound, and the like are intended. Whatever may be implied under the term, whether bitter herbs or bitter ingredients in general, it was designed to put them in mind of their bitter and severe bondage in the land of Egypt, from which God was now about to deliver them.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-20 - The Lord makes all things new to those whom he delivers from the bondage of Satan, and takes to himself to be his people. The time when he does this is to them the beginning of a new life. God appointe that, on the night wherein they were to go out of Egypt, each famil should kill a lamb, or that two or three families, if small, shoul kill one lamb. This lamb was to be eaten in the manner here directed and the blood to be sprinkled on the door-posts, to mark the houses of the Israelites from those of the Egyptians. The angel of the Lord, when destroying the first-born of the Egyptians, would pass over the house marked by the blood of the lamb: hence the name of this holy feast of ordinance. The passover was to be kept every year, both as remembrance of Israel's preservation and deliverance out of Egypt, an as a remarkable type of Christ. Their safety and deliverance were not reward of their own righteousness, but the gift of mercy. Of this the were reminded, and by this ordinance they were taught, that all blessings came to them through the shedding and sprinkling of blood Observe, 1. The paschal lamb was typical. Christ is our passover, 1C 5:7. Christ is the Lamb of God, Joh 1:29; often in the Revelation he is called the Lamb. It was to be in its prime; Christ offered up himsel in the midst of his days, not when a babe at Bethlehem. It was to be without blemish; the Lord Jesus was a Lamb without spot: the judge wh condemned Christ declared him innocent. It was to be set apart fou days before, denoting the marking out of the Lord Jesus to be Saviour, both in the purpose and in the promise. It was to be slain and roasted with fire, denoting the painful sufferings of the Lor Jesus, even unto death, the death of the cross. The wrath of God is a fire, and Christ was made a curse for us. Not a bone of it must be broken, which was fulfilled in Christ, Joh 19:33, denoting the unbroke strength of the Lord Jesus. 2. The sprinkling of the blood was typical The blood of the lamb must be sprinkled, denoting the applying of the merits of Christ's death to our souls; we must receive the atonement Ro 5:11. Faith is the bunch of hyssop, by which we apply the promises and the benefits of the blood of Christ laid up in them, to ourselves It was to be sprinkled on the door-posts, denoting the open professio we are to make of faith in Christ. It was not to be sprinkled upon the threshold; which cautions us to take heed of trampling under foot the blood of the covenant. It is precious blood, and must be precious to us. The blood, thus sprinkled, was a means of preserving the Israelite from the destroying angel, who had nothing to do where the blood was The blood of Christ is the believer's protection from the wrath of God the curse of the law, and the damnation of hell, Ro 8:1. 3. The solem eating of the lamb was typical of our gospel duty to Christ. The paschal lamb was not to be looked upon only, but to be fed upon. So we must by faith make Christ our own; and we must receive spiritual strength and nourishment from him, as from our food, see Joh 6:53, 55 It was all to be eaten; those who by faith feed upon Christ, must fee upon a whole Christ; they must take Christ and his yoke, Christ and his cross, as well as Christ and his crown. It was to be eaten at once, no put by till morning. To-day Christ is offered, and is to be accepte while it is called to-day, before we sleep the sleep of death. It wa to be eaten with bitter herbs, in remembrance of the bitterness of their bondage in Egypt; we must feed upon Christ with sorrow an brokenness of heart, in remembrance of sin. Christ will be sweet to us if sin be bitter. It was to be eaten standing, with their staves in their hands, as being ready to depart. When we feed upon Christ by faith, we must forsake the rule and the dominion of sin; sit loose to the world, and every thing in it; forsake all for Christ, and reckon i no bad bargain, Heb 13:13, 14. 4. The feast of unleavened bread wa typical of the Christian life, 1Co 5:7, 8. Having received Christ Jesu the Lord, we must continually delight ourselves in Christ Jesus. N manner of work must be done, that is, no care admitted and indulged which does not agree with, or would lessen this holy joy. The Jews wer very strict as to the passover, so that no leaven should be found in their houses. It must be a feast kept in charity, without the leaven of malice; and in sincerity, without the leaven of hypocrisy. It was by a ordinance for ever; so long as we live we must continue feeding upo Christ, rejoicing in him always, with thankful mention of the grea things he has done for us.


    Original Hebrew

    ואכלו 398 את 853 הבשׂר 1320 בלילה 3915 הזה 2088 צלי 6748 אשׁ 784 ומצות 4682 על 5921 מררים 4844 יאכלהו׃ 398


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