Clarke's Bible Commentary - Isaiah 42:16 Verse 16. In paths] The Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate, and nine MSS., (two ancient,) read twbytnbw ubenotiboth.
Will I do unto them] µtyŤ[ asitem. This word, so written as it is in the text, means "thou wilt do, "in the second person. The Masoretes have indeed pointed it for the first person; but the y yod in the last syllable is absolutely necessary to distinguish the first person; and so it is written in forty MSS., µytyŤ[ asithim.
Jarchi, Kimchi, Sal. ben Melec, &c., agree that the past time is here put for the future, ytyŤ[ asithi for hŤ[a ; and indeed the context necessarily requires that interpretation. Farther it is to be observed that µytyŤ[ asithim is put for µhl ytyŤ[ asithi lahem, "I have done them, "for "I have done for them; " as yntyŤ[ asitheni is for yl ytyŤ[ asiti li, "I have made myself, "for "I have made for myself, "Ezek. xxix. 2; and in the celebrated passage of Jephthah's vow, Judg. xi. 31, hlw[ whytyl[hw veheelitihu olah for hlw[ wl ytyl[h heelithi lo olah, "I will offer him a burnt-offering, "for "I will offer unto him (that is, unto JEHOVAH) a burnt-offering; " by an ellipsis of the preposition of which Buxtorf gives many other examples, Thes. Grammat. lib. ii. 17. See also note on chap. lxv. 5. A late happy application of this grammatical remark to that much disputed passage has perfectly cleared up a difficulty which for two thousand years had puzzled all the translators and expositors, had given occasion to dissertations without number, and caused endless disputes among the learned on the question, whether Jephthah sacrificed his daughter or not; in which both parties have been equally ignorant of the meaning of the place, of the state of the fact, and of the very terms of the vow; which now at last has been cleared up beyond all doubt by my learned friend Dr. Randolph, Margaret Professor of Divinity in the University of Oxford, in his Sermon on Jephthah's Vow, Oxford, 1766. - L.
Matthew Henry Commentary
The character and coming of Christ. (Is. 42:1-4) The blessings of his kingdom. (Is. 42:5-12) The prevalence of true religion. (Is. 42:13-17 Unbelief and blindness reproved. (Is. 42:18-25)
Is. 42:1-4 This prophecy was fulfilled in Christ, Matt. 12:17. Let ou souls rely on him, and rejoice in him; then, for his sake, the Fathe will be well-pleased with us. The Holy Spirit not only came, but reste upon him, and without measure. He patiently bore the contradiction of sinners. His kingdom is spiritual; he was not to appear with earthl honours. He is tender of those oppressed with doubts and fears, as bruised reed; those who are as smoking flax, as the wick of a lam newly lighted, which is ready to go out again. He will not despis them, nor lay upon them more work or more suffering than they can bear By a long course of miracles and his resurrection, he fully showed the truth of his holy religion. By the power of his gospel and grace he fixes principles in the minds of men, which tend to make them wise an just. The most distant nations wait for his law, wait for his gospel and shall welcome it. If we would make our calling and election sure and have the Father delight over us for good, we must behold, hear believe in, and obey Christ.
Is. 42:5-12 The work of redemption brings back man to the obedience he owes to God as his Maker. Christ is the light of the world. And by his grace he opens the understandings Satan has blinded, and sets a liberty from the bondage of sin. The Lord has supported his church. An now he makes new promises, which shall as certainly be fulfilled as the old ones were. When the Gentiles are brought into the church, he is glorified in them and by them. Let us give to God those things whic are his, taking heed that we do not serve the creature more than the Creator.
Is. 42:13-17 The Lord will appear in his power and glory. He shall cry in the preaching of his word. He shall cry aloud in the gospel woes which must be preached with gospel blessings, to awaken a sleepin world. He shall conquer by the power of his Spirit. And those tha contradict and blaspheme his gospel, he shall put to silence and shame and that which hinders its progress shall be taken out of the way. To those who by nature were blind, God will show the way to life an happiness by Jesus Christ. They are weak in knowledge, but He will make darkness light. They are weak in duty, but their way shall be plain Those whom God brings into the right way, he will guide in it. Thi passage is a prophecy, and is also applicable to every believer; for the Lord will never leave nor forsake them.
Is. 42:18-25 Observe the call given to this people, and the characte given of them. Multitudes are ruined for want of observing that whic they cannot but see; they perish, not through ignorance, but carelessness. The Lord is well-pleased in the making known his ow righteousness. For their sins they were spoiled of all their possessions. This fully came to pass in the destruction of the Jewis nation. There is no resisting, nor escaping God's anger. See the mischief sin makes; it provokes God to anger. And those not humbled by lesser judgments, must expect greater. Alas! how many professe Christians are blind as the benighted heathen! While the Lord i well-pleased in saving sinners through the righteousness of Christ he will also glorify his justice, by punishing all proud despisers. Seein God has poured out his wrath on his once-favoured people, because of their sins, let us fear, lest a promise being left us of entering int his rest, any of us should be found to come short of it __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew והולכתי 1980 עורים 5787 בדרך 1870 לא 3808 ידעו 3045 בנתיבות 5410 לא 3808 ידעו 3045 אדריכם 1869 אשׂים 7760 מחשׁך 4285 לפניהם 6440 לאור 216 ומעקשׁים 4625 למישׁור 4334 אלה 428 הדברים 1697 עשׂיתם 6213 ולא 3808 עזבתים׃ 5800