SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:5 Porque toda batalla de quien pelea es con estruendo, y con revolcamiento de vestidura en sangre; mas ésta será con quema, y tragamiento de fuego.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Isaiah 9:5 Verse 5. Every battle of the warrior "The greaves of the armed warrior"] as was seon soen. This word, occurring only in this place, is oaf very doubtful signification. Schindler fairly tells us that we may guess at it by the context. The Jews have explained it, by guess I believe, as signifying battle, conflict: the Vulgate renders it violenta praedatio. But it seems as if something was rather meant which was capable of becoming fuel for the fire, together with the garments mentioned in the same sentence. In Syriac the word, as a noun, signifies a shoe, or a sandal, as a learned friend suggested to me some years ago. See Luke xv. 22; Acts xii. 8. I take it, therefore, to mean that part of the armour which covered the legs and feet, and I would render the two words in Latin by caliga caligati. The burning of heaps of armour, gathered from the field of battle, as an offering made to the god supposed to be the giver of victory, was a custom that prevailed among some heathen nations; and the Romans used it as an emblem of peace, which perfectly well suits with the design of the prophet in this place. A medal struck by Vespasian on finishing his wars both at home and abroad represents the goddess Peace holding an olive branch in one hand, and, with a lighted torch in the other, setting fire to a heap of armour.
Virgil mentions the custom:- "-Cum primam aciem Praeneste sub ipsa Stravi, scutorumque incendi victor acervos." AEn. lib. viii., ver. 561.
"Would heaven, (said he,) my strength and youth recall, Such as I was beneath Praeneste's wall - Then when I made the foremost foes retire And set whole heaps of conquered shields on fire." DRYDEN. See Addison on Medals, Series ii. 18. And there are notices of some such practice among the Israelites, and other nations of the most early times.
God promises to Josh. victory over the kings of Canaan. "To- morrow I will deliver them up all slain before Israel: thou shalt hough their horses, and burn their chariots with fire," Josh. xi. 6. See also Nahum ii. 13. And the psalmist employs this image to express complete victory, and the perfect establishment of peace:- "He maketh wars to cease, even to the end of the land: He breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; And burneth the chariots in the fire." - Psa. xlvi. 9.
twlg[ agaloth, properly plausira, impedimenta, the baggage- wagons: which however the Septuagint and Vulgate render scuta, "shields;" and the Chaldee, "round shields," to show the propriety of that sense of the word from the etymology; which, if admitted, makes the image the same with that used by the Romans.
Ezekiel, chap. xxxix. 8-10, in his bold manner has carried this image to a degree of amplification which I think hardly any other of the Hebrew poets would have attempted. He describes the burning of the arms of the enemy, in consequence of the complete victory to be obtained by the Israelites over Gog and Magog:- "Behold, it is come to pass, and it is done, Saith the Lord JEHOVAH.
This is the day of which I spoke: And the inhabitants of the cities of Israel shall go forth.
And shall set on fire the armour, and the shield, And the buckler, and the bow, and the arrows, And the clubs and the lances; And they shail set them on fire for seven years.
And they shall not bear wood from the field; Neither shall they hew from the forest: For of the armour shall they make their fires; And they shall spoil their spoilers, And they shall plunder their plunderers." R. D. Kimchi, on this verse says this refers simply to the destruction of the Assyrians. Other battles are fought man against man, and spear against spear; and the garments are rolled in blood through the wounds given and received: but this was with burning, for the angel of the Lord smote them by night, and there was neither sword nor violent commotion, nor blood; they were food for the fire, for the angel of the Lord consumed them.
Matthew Henry Commentary
The Son that should be born, and his kingdom. (Is. 9:1-7) The judgment to come upon Israel, and on the enemies of the kingdom of Christ. (Is 9:8-21)
Is. 9:1-7 The Syrians and Assyrians first ravaged the countries her mentioned, and that region was first favoured by the preaching of Christ. Those that want the gospel, walk in darkness, and in the utmos danger. But when the gospel comes to any place, to any soul, ligh comes. Let us earnestly pray that it may shine into our hearts, an make us wise unto salvation. The gospel brings joy with it. Those wh would have joy, must expect to go through hard work, as the husbandman before he has the joy of harvest; and hard conflict, as the soldier before he divides the spoil. The Jews were delivered from the yoke of many oppressors; this was a shadow of the believer's deliverance from the yoke of Satan. The cleansing the souls of believers from the powe and pollution of sin, would be by the influence of the Holy Spirit, a purifying fire. These great things for the church, shall be done by the Messiah, Emmanuel. The Child is born; it was certain; and the church before Christ came in the flesh, benefitted by his undertaking. It is prophecy of him and of his kingdom, which those that waited for the Consolation of Israel read with pleasure. This Child was born for the benefit of us men, of us sinners, of all believers, from the beginnin to the end of the world. Justly is he called Wonderful, for he is bot God and man. His love is the wonder of angels and glorified saints. He is the Counsellor, for he knew the counsels of God from eternity; an he gives counsel to men, in which he consults our welfare. He is the Wonderful Counsellor; none teaches like him. He is God, the mighty One Such is the work of the Mediator, that no less power than that of the mighty God could bring it to pass. He is God, one with the Father. A the Prince of Peace, he reconciles us to God; he is the Giver of peac in the heart and conscience; and when his kingdom is fully established men shall learn war no more. The government shall be upon him; he shal bear the burden of it. Glorious things are spoken of Christ' government. There is no end to the increase of its peace, for the happiness of its subjects shall last for ever. The exact agreement of this prophecy with the doctrine of the New Testament, shows that Jewis prophets and Christian teachers had the same view of the person an salvation of the Messiah. To what earthly king or kingdom can thes words apply? Give then, O Lord, to thy people to know thee by ever endearing name, and in every glorious character. Give increase of grac in every heart of thy redeemed upon earth.
Is. 9:8-21 Those are ripening apace for ruin, whose hearts ar unhumbled under humbling providences. For that which God designs, i smiting us, is, to turn us to himself; and if this point be not gaine by lesser judgments, greater may be expected. The leaders of the people misled them. We have reason to be afraid of those that speak well of us, when we do ill. Wickedness was universal, all were infected with it. They shall be in trouble, and see no way out; and when men's way displease the Lord, he makes even their friends to be at war with them God would take away those they thought to have help from. Their ruler were the head. Their false prophets were the tail and the rush, the most despicable. In these civil contests, men preyed on near relation who were as their own flesh. The people turn not to Him who smite them, therefore he continues to smite: for when God judges, he wil overcome; and the proudest, stoutest sinner shall either bend or break __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew כי 3588 כל 3605 סאון 5430 סאן 5431 ברעשׁ 7494 ושׂמלה 8071 מגוללה 1556 בדמים 1818 והיתה 1961 לשׂרפה 8316 מאכלת 3980 אשׁ׃ 784