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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - John 4:10


    CHAPTERS: John 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21     

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    King James Bible - John 4:10

    Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.

    World English Bible

    Jesus answered her, "If you knew the
    gift of God, and who it is who says to you, 'Give me a drink,' you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water."

    Douay-Rheims - John 4:10

    Jesus answered, and said to her: If thou didst know the
    gift of God, and who he is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou perhaps wouldst have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Jesus answered and said to her, If thou knewest the
    gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldst have asked him, and he would have given thee living water.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    απεκριθη
    611 5662 V-ADI-3S ιησους 2424 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ ειπεν 2036 5627 V-2AAI-3S αυτη 846 P-DSF ει 1487 COND ηδεις 1492 5715 V-LAI-2S την 3588 T-ASF δωρεαν 1431 N-ASF του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM και 2532 CONJ τις 5101 I-NSM εστιν 2076 5748 V-PXI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM λεγων 3004 5723 V-PAP-NSM σοι 4671 P-2DS δος 1325 5628 V-2AAM-2S μοι 3427 P-1DS πιειν 4095 5629 V-2AAN συ 4771 P-2NS αν 302 PRT ητησας 154 5656 V-AAI-2S αυτον 846 P-ASM και 2532 CONJ εδωκεν 1325 5656 V-AAI-3S αν 302 PRT σοι 4671 P-2DS υδωρ 5204 N-ASN ζων 2198 5723 V-PAP-ASN

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (10) -
    Joh 3:16 Isa 9:6; 42:6; 49:6-8 Lu 11:13 Ro 8:32 1Co 1:30 2Co 9:15

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:10

    Respondi Jess y le dijo: Si conocieses el don de Dios, y quin es el que te dice: Dame de beber; t pedirías de l, y l te daría agua viva.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - John 4:10

    Verse 10. If thou knewest the
    gift of God] dwrean signifies a free gift.

    A gift is any thing that is given, for which no equivalent has been or is to be returned: a free gift is that which has been given without asking or entreaty. Such a gift of kindness was Jesus Christ to the world, chap. iii. 16; and through him comes the gift of the Spirit, which those who believe on his name were to receive. Christ was not an object of desire to the world-no man asked for him; and God, moved thereto by his own eternal mercy, freely gave him. Through this great gift comes the Holy Spirit, and all other gifts which are necessary to the salvation of a lost world.

    Living water.] By this expression, which was common to the inhabitants both of the east and of the west, is always meant spring water, in opposition to dead, stagnant water contained in ponds, pools, tanks, or cisterns; and what our Lord means by it is evidently the Holy Spirit, as may be seen, chap. vii. 38, 39.

    As water quenches the thirst, refreshes and invigorates the body, purifies things defiled, and renders the earth fruitful, so it is an apt emblem of the gift of the Holy Ghost, which so satisfies the souls that receive it that they thirst no more for earthly good: it purifies also from all spiritual defilement, on which account it is emphatically styled the Holy Spirit; and it makes those who receive it fruitful in every good word and work.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 10. Jesus answered and said unto her , etc.] In a very serious manner, in a different way from hers: if thou knewest the gift of God ; meaning, not the Holy Spirit with his gifts and graces, as some think, but himself; for the following clause is explanatory of it; and who it is that saith to thee, give me to drink ; and Christ is also spoken of in the Old Testament, as the gift of God, ( Isaiah 9:6) and he had lately spoken of himself as such, ( John 3:16) and he is, by way of eminency, the gift of God; which is comprehensive of all others, is exceeding large, and very suitable to the wants and cases of men; and is irrevocable, unchangeable, and unspeakable: for he is Gods gift, as he is his own and only begotten Son; and he is given for a covenant to the people, with all the promises and blessings of it; and as an head, both of eminence and influence; and to be a Saviour of them, and a sacrifice for their sins; and as the bread of life, for them to feed and live upon; of which gift, men are naturally ignorant, as this woman was: they know not the dignity of his person; nor the nature and usefulness of his offices; nor the way of peace, righteousness, and salvation by him; nor do they see any amiableness, or loveliness in him; and whatever notional knowledge some natural men may have of him, they know him not spiritually and experimentally, or as the gift of God to them: thou wouldst have asked of him ; a favour and benefit; for such who truly know Christ, the worth and value of him, and their need of him, will apply to him for grace, as they have encouragement to do; since all grace is treasured up in him, and he gives it freely, and upbraideth not; and souls are invited to ask it of him, and take it freely; nor is it to be had anywhere else: but knowledge of Christ, is absolutely necessary, to asking anything of him; for till he is known, he will not be applied to; but when he is made known to any, in his fulness and suitableness, they will have recourse to him, and ask grace and mercy of him; and which is freely had: the Vulgate Latin very wrongly adds, perhaps; reading it, perhaps thou wouldst have asked; whereas our Lords meaning is, that she would certainly have asked: and he would have given thee living water ; pardoning and justifying grace, every branch of sanctifying grace, and all the supplies of it; so called, because his grace quickens sinners dead in sin, and dead in law, and in, their own apprehensions; and causes them to live in themselves, and before God; and because it refreshes and comforts, revives and cheers, and is like rivers of water in a dry land; and because it maintains and supports spiritual life in their souls; and it ever abides, and continues, and springs up unto everlasting life: for the allusion is to spring water, that bubbles up in a fountain, and is ever running; for such water the Jews call living water; (see Genesis 26:19); where in the Hebrew text it is living water; which we, and also the Chaldee paraphrase, render springing water. So living waters with them, are said to be always flowing, and never cease f185 .

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 4-26 - There was great
    hatred between the Samaritans and the Jews. Christ' road from Judea to Galilee lay through Samaria. We should not go int places of temptation but when we needs must; and then must not dwell in them, but hasten through them. We have here our Lord Jesus under the common fatigue of travellers. Thus we see that he was truly a man. Toi came in with sin; therefore Christ, having made himself a curse for us submitted to it. Also, he was a poor man, and went all his journeys of foot. Being wearied, he sat thus on the well; he had no couch to res upon. He sat thus, as people wearied with travelling sit. Surely, we ought readily to submit to be like the Son of God in such things a these. Christ asked a woman for water. She was surprised because he di not show the anger of his own nation against the Samaritans. Moderat men of all sides are men wondered at. Christ took the occasion to teac her Divine things: he converted this woman, by showing her ignoranc and sinfulness, and her need of a Saviour. By this living water i meant the Spirit. Under this comparison the blessing of the Messiah ha been promised in the Old Testament. The graces of the Spirit, and his comforts, satisfy the thirsting soul, that knows its own nature an necessity. What Jesus spake figuratively, she took literally. Chris shows that the water of Jacob's well yielded a very short satisfaction Of whatever waters of comfort we drink, we shall thirst again. But whoever partakes of the Spirit of grace, and the comforts of the gospel, shall never want that which will abundantly satisfy his soul Carnal hearts look no higher than carnal ends. Give it me, saith she not that I may have everlasting life, which Christ proposed, but that come not hither to draw. The carnal mind is very ingenious in shiftin off convictions, and keeping them from fastening. But how closely ou Lord Jesus brings home the conviction to her conscience! He severel reproved her present state of life. The woman acknowledged Christ to be a prophet. The power of his word in searching the heart, and convincin the conscience of secret things, is a proof of Divine authority. I should cool our contests, to think that the things we are strivin about are passing away. The object of worship will continue still the same, God, as a Father; but an end shall be put to all difference about the place of worship. Reason teaches us to consult decency an convenience in the places of our worship; but religion gives n preference to one place above another, in respect of holiness an approval with God. The Jews were certainly in the right. Those who by the Scriptures have obtained some knowledge of God, know whom the worship. The word of salvation was of the Jews. It came to othe nations through them. Christ justly preferred the Jewish worship befor the Samaritan, yet here he speaks of the former as soon to be don away. God was about to be revealed as the Father of all believers in every nation. The spirit or the soul of man, as influenced by the Holy Spirit, must worship God, and have communion with him. Spiritual affections, as shown in fervent prayers, supplications, an thanksgivings, form the worship of an upright heart, in which God delights and is glorified. The woman was disposed to leave the matte undecided, till the coming of the Messiah. But Christ told her, I tha speak to thee, am He. She was an alien and a hostile Samaritan, merel speaking to her was thought to disgrace our Lord Jesus. Yet to thi woman did our Lord reveal himself more fully than as yet he had done to any of his disciples. No past sins can bar our acceptance with him, i we humble ourselves before him, believing in him as the Christ, the Saviour of the world.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    απεκριθη
    611 5662 V-ADI-3S ιησους 2424 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ ειπεν 2036 5627 V-2AAI-3S αυτη 846 P-DSF ει 1487 COND ηδεις 1492 5715 V-LAI-2S την 3588 T-ASF δωρεαν 1431 N-ASF του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM και 2532 CONJ τις 5101 I-NSM εστιν 2076 5748 V-PXI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM λεγων 3004 5723 V-PAP-NSM σοι 4671 P-2DS δος 1325 5628 V-2AAM-2S μοι 3427 P-1DS πιειν 4095 5629 V-2AAN συ 4771 P-2NS αν 302 PRT ητησας 154 5656 V-AAI-2S αυτον 846 P-ASM και 2532 CONJ εδωκεν 1325 5656 V-AAI-3S αν 302 PRT σοι 4671 P-2DS υδωρ 5204 N-ASN ζων 2198 5723 V-PAP-ASN

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    10. If thou knewest, etc. Answering rather something latent in the
    question than the question itself, as in Jesus' first answer to Nicodemus. The gift (dwrean). Only here in the Gospels, though Luke uses it in Acts four times, and the kindred adverb, dwrhma, freely, is found once in Matthew. The word carries the sense of a bountiful, free, honorable gift. Compare dwrhma, gift, and see on Jas. i. 17.

    Asked (hthsav). Jesus uses the same word for ask which the woman had employed of his asking her, the word expressing the asking of the inferior from the superior. Here it is the appropriate word.

    Living water (udwr zwn). Fresh, perennial. A familiar figure to the Jews. See Jer. ii. 13; xvii. 13; Zech. xiv. 8. Not necessarily the same as water of life (udwr zwhv, Apoc. xxi. 6; xxii. 1, 17).



    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54

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