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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Matthew 1:3


    CHAPTERS: Matthew 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Matthew 1:3

    And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

    World English Bible

    Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar. Perez became the father of Hezron. Hezron became the father of Ram.

    Douay-Rheims - Matthew 1:3

    And Judas begot Phares and Zara of Thamar. And Phares begot Esron. And Esron begot Aram.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And Judah begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ιουδας
    2455 N-NSM δε 1161 CONJ εγεννησεν 1080 5656 V-AAI-3S τον 3588 T-ASM φαρες 5329 N-PRI και 2532 CONJ τον 3588 T-ASM ζαρα 2196 N-PRI εκ 1537 PREP της 3588 T-GSF θαμαρ 2283 N-PRI φαρες 5329 N-PRI δε 1161 CONJ εγεννησεν 1080 5656 V-AAI-3S τον 3588 T-ASM εσρωμ 2074 N-PRI εσρωμ 2074 N-PRI δε 1161 CONJ εγεννησεν 1080 5656 V-AAI-3S τον 3588 T-ASM αραμ 689 N-PRI

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (3) -
    Ge 38:27,29,30; 46:12

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:3

    Y Jud engendr de Tamar a Fares y a Zara; y Fares engendr a Esrom; y Esrom engendr a Aram.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Matthew 1:3

    Verse 3. Phares and Zara] The remarkable
    history of these twins may be seen, Gen. xx18: Some of the ancients were of opinion, that the evangelist refers to the mystery of the youngest being preferred to the eldest, as prefiguring the exaltation of the Christian Church over the synagogue. Concerning the women whose names are recorded in this genealogy, see the note at the end of the chapter.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 3. And
    Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar , etc.] The genealogical account of Christ goes on from Judah in the line of Phares, with whom Zara is mentioned; not because they were twins, for so were Jacob and Esau, and yet the latter is taken no notice of; but it may be because of what happened at their birth, (see Genesis 38:28,29,30). But the line of the Messiah was in Phares, and very rightly is he put in the genealogy of Christ, the Jews themselves being witnesses; who expressly say, that the Messiah comes from him. These two are said to be begotten of Thamar, daughter-in-law to Judah; who, though she was a Canaanitish woman, has the honour to be named in the genealogy of Christ, who came to save Gentiles as well as Jews: nor can the Jews reproach our Evangelist for putting her into the account; since they themselves frequently acknowledge that the Messiah was to spring from her: they say, f17 there are two women from whom come David the king, and Solomon, and the king Messiah; and these two are Thamar and Ruth.

    Jonathan Ben Uzziel on ( Genesis 38:6) says, that Thamar was the daughter of Shem the great. And Phares begat Esrom ; called Hezron, ( Ruth 4:18) where the same phrase is used as here. He had another son called Hamul, ( 1 Chronicles 2:5) but the account proceeds from Phares, in the line of Esrom. And Esrom begat Aram ; called Ram in ( Ruth 4:18) where the same way of speaking is used as here. Esrom also besides him begat Jerahmeel, Chelubai, or Caleb, and Segub, ( 1 Chronicles 2:9,21) but these are not in the line. Elihu, who conversed with Job, is said to be of the kindred of Ram, ( Job 32:2) whether the same with Ram or Aram, may be inquired.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-17 - Concerning this genealogy of our Saviour, observe the chief intention It is not a needless genealogy. It is not a vain-glorious one, as thos of great men often are. It proves that our Lord Jesus is of the natio and family out of which the Messiah was to arise. The promise of the blessing was made to Abraham and his seed; of the dominion, to Davi and his seed. It was promised to Abraham that Christ should descen from him, Ge 12:3; 22:18; and to David that he should descend from him 2Sa 7:12; Ps 89:3, &c.; 132:11; and, therefore, unless Jesus is a so of David, and a son of Abraham, he is not the Messiah. Now this is her proved from well-known records. When the Son of God was pleased to tak our nature, he came near to us, in our fallen, wretched condition; but he was perfectly free from sin: and while we read the names in his genealogy, we should not forget how low the Lord of glory stooped to save the human race.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ιουδας
    2455 N-NSM δε 1161 CONJ εγεννησεν 1080 5656 V-AAI-3S τον 3588 T-ASM φαρες 5329 N-PRI και 2532 CONJ τον 3588 T-ASM ζαρα 2196 N-PRI εκ 1537 PREP της 3588 T-GSF θαμαρ 2283 N-PRI φαρες 5329 N-PRI δε 1161 CONJ εγεννησεν 1080 5656 V-AAI-3S τον 3588 T-ASM εσρωμ 2074 N-PRI εσρωμ 2074 N-PRI δε 1161 CONJ εγεννησεν 1080 5656 V-AAI-3S τον 3588 T-ASM αραμ 689 N-PRI


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25

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