SEV Biblia, Chapter 15:2 Así dijo el SEÑOR de los ejércitos: Me acuerdo de lo que hizo Amalec a Israel; que se le opuso en el camino, cuando subía de Egipto.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 15:2 Verse 2. I remember that which Amalek did] The Amalekites were a people of Arabia Petraea, who had occupied a tract of country on the frontiers of Egypt and Palestine. They had acted with great cruelty towards the Israelites on their coming out of Egypt. (See Exod. xvii. 8, and the notes there.) They came upon them when they were faint and weary, and smote the hindermost of the people-those who were too weak to keep up with the rest. (See Deut. xxv. 18.) And God then purposed that Amalek, as a nation, should be blotted out from under heaven; which purpose was now fulfilled by Saul upwards of four hundred years afterwards!
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 2. Thus saith the Lord of hosts , etc.] Of the celestial host of angels, and of the army of Israel, yea, of all the armies of the earth: this is premised to engage the attention of Saul: I remember that which Amalek did to Israel ; four hundred years ago: how he laid wait for him in the way when he came up from Egypt ; in the valley of Rephidim, just before they came to Mount Sinai, and fell upon the rear of them, and smote the feeble, and faint, and weary, (see Exodus 17:8 Deuteronomy 25:17-19 Ver. 3 . Now go and smite Amalek , etc.] This was one of the three things the Israelites were obliged to do when they came into the land of Canaan, as Kimchi observes; one was, to appoint a king over them, another, to build the house of the sanctuary, and the third, to blot out the name and memory of Amalek, (see Deuteronomy 25:19) and this work was reserved for Saul, their first king: and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not ; all were to be devoted to destruction, and nothing remain to be made use of in any way, to any profit and advantage; living creatures were to be put to death, and everything else burnt and destroyed: but slay both men and women, infant and suckling ; neither sex nor age were to be regarded, no mercy and pity shown to any; they had shown none to Israel when weak and feeble, and by the law of retaliation none was to be exercised on them: ox and sheep, camel and ass ; though useful creatures, yet not to be spared; as not men, women, and children, through commiseration, so neither these through covetousness, and neither of them on any pretence whatsoever.
Children suffered for their parents, and cattle because of their owners, and both were a punishment to their proprietors; an ox, or any other creature, might not be spared, lest it should be said, as Kimchi observes, this was the spoil of Amalek, and so the name and memory of Amalek would not be blotted out.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-9 - The sentence of condemnation against the Amalekites had gone forth lon before, Ex 17:14; De 25:19, but they had been spared till they fille up the measure of their sins. We are sure that the righteous Lord doe no injustice to any. The remembering the kindness of the ancestors of the Kenites, in favour to them, at the time God was punishing the injuries done by the ancestors of the Amalekites, tended to clear the righteousness of God in this dispensation. It is dangerous to be foun in the company of God's enemies, and it is our duty and interest to come out from among them, lest we share in their sins and plagues, R 18:4. As the commandment had been express, and a test of Saul' obedience, his conduct evidently was the effect of a proud, rebelliou spirit. He destroyed only the refuse, that was good for little. Tha which was now destroyed was sacrificed to the justice of God.
Original Hebrew כה 3541 אמר 559 יהוה 3068 צבאות 6635 פקדתי 6485 את 853 אשׁר 834 עשׂה 6213 עמלק 6002 לישׂראל 3478 אשׁר 834 שׂם 7760 לו בדרך 1870 בעלתו 5927 ממצרים׃ 4714