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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Acts 17:31


    CHAPTERS: Acts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Acts 17:31

    Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.

    World English Bible

    because he has appointed a
    day in which he will judge the world in righteousness by the man whom he has ordained; of which he has given assurance to all men, in that he has raised him from the dead."

    Douay-Rheims - Acts 17:31

    Because he hath appointed a
    day wherein he will judge the world in equity, by the man whom he hath appointed; giving faith to all, by raising him up from the dead.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Because he hath appointed a
    day, in which he will judge the world in righteousness, by that man whom he hath ordained: of which he hath given assurance to all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    διοτι
    1360 CONJ εστησεν 2476 5656 V-AAI-3S ημεραν 2250 N-ASF εν 1722 PREP η 3739 R-DSF μελλει 3195 5719 V-PAI-3S κρινειν 2919 5721 V-PAN την 3588 T-ASF οικουμενην 3625 N-ASF εν 1722 PREP δικαιοσυνη 1343 N-DSF εν 1722 PREP ανδρι 435 N-DSM ω 3739 R-DSM ωρισεν 3724 5656 V-AAI-3S πιστιν 4102 N-ASF παρασχων 3930 5631 V-2AAP-NSM πασιν 3956 A-DPM αναστησας 450 5660 V-AAP-NSM αυτον 846 P-ASM εκ 1537 PREP νεκρων 3498 A-GPM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (31) -
    Ac 10:42 Mt 25:31 *etc:

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 17:31

    por cuanto ha establecido un día, en el cual ha de juzgar con justicia a todo el mundo, por aquel varn al cual determin; dando fe a todos con haberle levantado de los muertos.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Acts 17:31

    Verse 31. He hath
    appointed a day] He has fixed the time in which he will judge the world, though he has not revealed this time to man.

    By that man whom he hath ordained] He has also appointed the judge, by whom the inhabitants of the earth are to be tried.

    Whereof he hath given assurance] pistin parascwn pasin, Having given to all this indubitable proof, that Jesus Christ shall judge the world, by raising him from the dead. The sense of the argument is this: "Jesus Christ, whom we preach as the saviour of men, has repeatedly told his followers that he would judge the world; and has described to us, at large, the whole of the proceedings of that awful time, Matt. xxv. 31, &c.; John v. 25. Though he was put to death by the Jews, and thus he became a victim for sin, yet God raised him from the dead. By raising him from the dead, God has set his seal to the doctrines he has taught: one of these doctrines is, that he shall judge the world; his resurrection, established by the most incontrovertible evidence, is therefore a proof, an incontestable proof, that he shall judge the world, according to his own declaration."


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 31. Because he hath appointed a day , etc.] The day of judgment is fixed by God in his eternal purposes, and is sure and certain, and will come, though it is not known by men or angels; and this is a reason why God will have the doctrine of repentance everywhere published, both to Jews and Gentiles, since all must come to judgment: and the day for it is appointed by him, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness ; the whole world will be judged, and every individual in it, good and bad, righteous and wicked; and this judgment will be a righteous one; it will proceed according to the strict rules of justice and equity, and upon the foot of the righteousness of Christ, as that has been received or rejected by men, or as men are clothed with, or are without that righteousness: by that man whom he hath ordained ; Bezas ancient copy reads, the man Jesus: not that the apostle means that Christ is a mere man; for then he would not be fit to be a Judge of quick and dead, and to pass and execute the definitive sentence; which requires omniscience and omnipotence: but preaching to mere Heathens, he chose not at once to assert the deity of Christ, though he tacitly suggests it: but intended, by degrees, to open the glories of his nature and office to them, he being the person God had from all eternity ordained, and in time had signified, should have all judgment committed to him, and by whom the last judgment shall be managed and transacted: whereof he hath given assurance to all men : or full proof, both of his being the Judge, and of his fitness to be one, and also of the righteousness, according to which he will judge: in that he hath raised him from the dead ; whereby he was declared to be the Son of God; and when all power in heaven and in earth was given to him; and which was done for the justification of all those for whose offences he was delivered: and this seems to be the reason why the apostle calls Christ the Judge a man, that he might have the opportunity of mentioning his resurrection from the dead.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 22-31 - Here we have a sermon to heathens, who worshipped false gods, and wer without the true
    God in the world; and to them the scope of the discourse was different from what the apostle preached to the Jews. I the latter case, his business was to lead his hearers by prophecies an miracles to the knowledge of the Redeemer, and faith in him; in the former, it was to lead them, by the common works of providence, to know the Creator, and worship Him. The apostle spoke of an altar he ha seen, with the inscription, "TO THE UNKNOWN GOD." This fact is state by many writers. After multiplying their idols to the utmost, some a Athens thought there was another god of whom they had no knowledge. An are there not many now called Christians, who are zealous in their devotions, yet the great object of their worship is to them an unknow God? Observe what glorious things Paul here says of that God whom he served, and would have them to serve. The Lord had long borne with idolatry, but the times of this ignorance were now ending, and by his servants he now commanded all men every where to repent of their idolatry. Each sect of the learned men would feel themselves powerfull affected by the apostle's discourse, which tended to show the emptines or falsity of their doctrines.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    διοτι
    1360 CONJ εστησεν 2476 5656 V-AAI-3S ημεραν 2250 N-ASF εν 1722 PREP η 3739 R-DSF μελλει 3195 5719 V-PAI-3S κρινειν 2919 5721 V-PAN την 3588 T-ASF οικουμενην 3625 N-ASF εν 1722 PREP δικαιοσυνη 1343 N-DSF εν 1722 PREP ανδρι 435 N-DSM ω 3739 R-DSM ωρισεν 3724 5656 V-AAI-3S πιστιν 4102 N-ASF παρασχων 3930 5631 V-2AAP-NSM πασιν 3956 A-DPM αναστησας 450 5660 V-AAP-NSM αυτον 846 P-ASM εκ 1537 PREP νεκρων 3498 A-GPM

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    17:31 {Inasmuch as} (kaqoti). According as (kata, hoti). Old causal conjunction, but in N.T. only used in Luke's writings (#Lu 1:7; 19:9; Ac 2:45; 4:35; 17:31). {Hath
    appointed a day} (estesen hemeran) First aorist active indicative of histemi, to place, set. God did set the day in his counsel and he will fulfil it in his own time. {Will judge} (mellei krinein). Rather, is going to judge, mellw and the present active infinitive of krinw. Paul here quotes #Ps 9:8 where krinei occurs. {By the man whom he hath ordained} (en andri hwi hwrisen). Here he adds to the Psalm the place and function of Jesus Christ, a passage in harmony with Christ's own words in #Mt 25. hwi (whom) is attracted from the accusative, object of hwrisen (first aorist active indicative of horizw) to the case of the antecedent andri. It has been said that Paul left the simple gospel in this address to the council of the Areopagus for philosophy. But did he? He skilfully caught their attention by reference to an altar to an Unknown God whom he interprets to be the Creator of all things and all men who overrules the whole world and who now commands repentance of all and has revealed his will about a day of reckoning when Jesus Christ will be Judge. He has preached the unity of God, the one and only God, has proclaimed repentance, a judgment day, Jesus as the Judge as shown by his Resurrection, great fundamental doctrines, and doubtless had much more to say when they interrupted his address. There is no room here for such a charge against Paul. He rose to a great occasion and made a masterful exposition of God's place and power in human history. {Whereof he hath given assurance} (pistin parascwn). Second aorist active participle of parecw, old verb to furnish, used regularly by Demosthenes for bringing forward evidence. Note this old use of pistis as conviction or ground of confidence (#Heb 11:1) like a note or title-deed, a conviction resting on solid basis of fact. All the other uses of pistis grow out of this one from peiqw, to persuade. {In that he hath raised him from the dead} (anastesas auton ek nekrwn). First aorist active participle of anistemi, causal participle, but literally, "having raised him from the dead." this Paul knew to be a fact because he himself had seen the Risen Christ. Paul has here come to the heart of his message and could now throw light on their misapprehension about "Jesus and the Resurrection" (verse #18). Here Paul has given the proof of all his claims in the address that seemed new and strange to them.


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