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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - John 18:27


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    King James Bible - John 18:27

    Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

    World English Bible

    Peter therefore denied it again, and immediately the rooster crowed.

    Douay-Rheims - John 18:27

    Again therefore Peter denied; and immediately the cock crew.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Peter then denied again, and immediately the cock crowed.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    παλιν
    3825 ADV ουν 3767 CONJ ηρνησατο 720 5662 V-ADI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM πετρος 4074 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ ευθεως 2112 ADV αλεκτωρ 220 N-NSM εφωνησεν 5455 5656 V-AAI-3S

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (27) -
    Joh 13:38 Mt 26:34,74,75 Mr 14:30,68,71,72 Lu 22:34,60-62

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 18:27

    Y neg Pedro otra vez; y luego el gallo cant.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - John 18:27

    Verse 27. And-the
    cock crew.] Peter denied our Lord three times:- Peter's first denial.

    I. This took place, when he was without, or beneath, in the hall of Caiaphas's house. He was not in the higher part where Christ stood before the high priest; but without that division of the hall, and in the lower part with the servants and officers, at the fire kindled in the midst of the hall, ver. 16, 18; and the girl who kept the door had entered into the hall, where she charged Peter.

    Peter's second denial.

    II. This was in a short time after the first, Luke xxii. 58. Having once denied his Master, he naturally retired from the place where his accuser was to the vestibule of the hall, Matt. xxvi. 71, and it was the time of the first cock- crowing, or soon after midnight. After remaining here a short time, perhaps an hour, another girl sees him, and says to them who were standing by in the vestibule, that he was one of them. Peter, to avoid this charge, withdraws into the hall, and warms himself. The girl, and those to whom she had spoken, follow him; the communication between the two places being immediate. Here a man enforces the charge of the girl, according to Luke; and others urge it, according to St. John; and Peter denies Jesus vehemently.

    Peter's third denial.

    III. He was now in the hall, and also within sight of Jesus, though at such a distance from him that Jesus could not know what passed, but in a supernatural way. And, about an hour after his second denial, those who stood by founded a third charge against him, on his being a Galilean, which St. Luke says, Luke xxii. 59, one in particular strongly affirmed; and which, according to John, ver. 26, was supported by one of Malchus's relations. This occasioned a more vehement denial than before, and immediately the cock crew the second time, which is eminently called alektorofwnia. The first denial may have been between our twelve and one; and the second between our two and three.

    At the time of the third denial, Luke xxii. 61 proves that Jesus was in the same room with Peter. We must farther observe that Matthew, Matt. xxvi. 57, lays the scene of Peter's denials in the house of Caiaphas: whereas John, ver. 15-23, seems to intimate that these transactions took place in the house of Annas; but this difficulty arises from the injudicious insertion of the particle oun, therefore, in ver. 24, which should be omitted, on the authority of ADES, Mt. BH, many others; besides some versions, and some of the primitive fathers. Griesbach has left it out of the text. See Bishop Newcome's Harm. notes, p. 48.

    The time of Peter's denials happened during the space of the third Roman watch, or that division of the night, between twelve and three, which is called alektorofwnia, or cock- crowing, Mark xiii. 35. Concerning the nature and progress of Peter's denial, see the notes on Matt. xxvi. 58, 69-75.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 27. Peter then denied again , etc.] A third time, as the Ethiopic version renders it; and that, according to other evangelists, with cursing and swearing; for now he was more affrighted than before, lest should he be taken up, and it be proved upon him, that he was the person that cut off Malchuss ear, he should be sentenced to a fine, or it may be some capital punishment. The fine for plucking a mans ears, and which some understand of plucking them off, was four hundred zuzim f672 , or, pence; which, as they answer to Roman pence, amount to twelve pounds ten shillings; a sum of money Peter perhaps could not have raised, without great difficulty: and therefore, that it might be believed he was not a disciple of Christ, so not the man; he swears in a profane manner, and imprecates the judgments of God upon him: and immediately the cock crew ; the second time; which was a signal by which he might call to remembrance, what Christ had said to him; that before the cock crowed twice, he should deny him thrice, ( Mark 14:72).

    It was now early in the morning, about three oclock, or somewhat after.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 13-27 - Simon Peter denied his Master. The particulars have been noticed in the remarks on the other Gospels. The beginning of sin is as the lettin forth of water. The sin of lying is a fruitful sin; one lie need another to support it, and that another. If a call to expose ourselve to danger be clear, we may hope God will enable us to honour him; if it be not, we may fear that God will leave us to shame ourselves. The said nothing concerning the miracles of Jesus, by which he had done s much good, and which proved his doctrine. Thus the enemies of Christ whilst they quarrel with his truth, wilfully shut their eyes agains it. He appeals to those who heard him. The doctrine of Christ ma safely appeal to all that know it, and those who judge in truth bea witness to it. Our resentment of injuries must never be passionate. He reasoned with the man that did him the injury, and so may we.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    παλιν
    3825 ADV ουν 3767 CONJ ηρνησατο 720 5662 V-ADI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM πετρος 4074 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ ευθεως 2112 ADV αλεκτωρ 220 N-NSM εφωνησεν 5455 5656 V-AAI-3S

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    27. The
    cock crew. The Greek has not the definite article. See on Matt. xxvi. 34. The use of the article would seem to mark the time, cock-crowing, rather than the incident.

    28-38. Compare Matt. xxvii. 1, 2; 11-14; Mark xv. 1-6; Luke xxiii. 1-5.



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