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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - John 18:3


    CHAPTERS: John 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40

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    King James Bible - John 18:3

    Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

    World English Bible

    Judas then, having taken a detachment of soldiers and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with
    lanterns, torches, and weapons.

    Douay-Rheims - John 18:3

    Judas therefore having received a band of soldiers and servants from the chief priests and the Pharisees, cometh thither with
    lanterns and torches and weapons.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Judas then, having received a band of
    men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns, and torches, and weapons.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ο
    3588 T-NSM ουν 3767 CONJ ιουδας 2455 N-NSM λαβων 2983 5631 V-2AAP-NSM την 3588 T-ASF σπειραν 4686 N-ASF και 2532 CONJ εκ 1537 PREP των 3588 T-GPM αρχιερεων 749 N-GPM και 2532 CONJ φαρισαιων 5330 N-GPM υπηρετας 5257 N-APM ερχεται 2064 5736 V-PNI-3S εκει 1563 ADV μετα 3326 PREP φανων 5322 N-GPM και 2532 CONJ λαμπαδων 2985 N-GPF και 2532 CONJ οπλων 3696 N-GPN

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (3) -
    Joh 13:2,27-30 Mt 26:47,55 Mr 14:43,44,48 Lu 22:47 *etc:

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 18:3

    Judas pues tomando una compaía de soldados, y ministros de los sumo sacerdotes y de los fariseos, vino allí con linternas y antorchas, y con armas.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - John 18:3

    Verse 3. A
    band] thn speiran, The band or troop. Some think that the spira was the same as the Roman cohort, and was the tenth part of a legion, which consisted sometimes of 4200, and sometimes of 5000 foot.

    But Raphelius, on Matt. xxvii. 27, has clearly proved, from Polybius, that the spira was no more than a tenth of the fourth part of a legion. And as the number of the legion was uncertain, and their divisions not at all equal, no person can tell how many the band or spira contained. See many curious particulars in Raphelius on this point, vol. i. p. 351, edit. 1747.

    This band was probably those Roman soldiers given by the governor for the defense of the temple; and the officers were those who belonged to the Sanhedrin.

    With lanterns and torches] With these they had intended to search the corners and caverns, provided Christ had hidden himself; for they could not have needed them for any other purpose, it being now the fourteenth day of the moon's age, in the month Nisan, and consequently she appeared full and bright. The weapons mentioned here were probably no other than clubs, staves, and instruments of that kind, as we may gather from Matt. xxvi. 55; Mark xiv. 48; Luke xxii. 52. The swords mentioned by the other evangelists were probably those of the Roman soldiers; the clubs and staves belonged to the chief priest's officers.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 3. Judas then having received a band of men , etc.] From the captain of this band, who in ( John 18:12); is called a Chiliarch, that is, a commander of a thousand men, one might conclude there were so many in this band; but it seems, that such an officer might have two bands under his command; and if this was, the case, there were at least five hundred men in this company; a large number indeed, to take an unarmed person; and yet, as if this was not sufficient, it is added, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees ; servants that belong to each of these, and who seem to be a considerable number also; for these are said to be a great multitude; ( Matthew 26:47); nay, not only so, but the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders of the people, were themselves among them, ( Luke 22:52); to see that the men did their work, and did not return without him; as these officers, when sent by them once before, did: cometh thither with lanterns, and torches, and weapons : snp , which is no other than the Greek word here used for a lantern, the Jews tell us f650 , was an earthen vessel, in which a candle was put and covered, that the wind might not put it out, and it had holes in the sides of it, through which light was let out; their dypl , or lamp, here rendered torch, they say f651 , was also an earthen vessel in the form of a reed, at the top of which was a proper receptacle, in which they burnt old rags dipped in oil: now though it was full moon, being the time of the passover, they brought these along with them to discover him by the light of, and find him out with them, if he should hide himself among the trees, or in any of the more shady places in the garden; and they took warlike instruments, as swords, spears, and staves, as if they had a thief or a murderer to apprehend, or a little army of men to encounter with; whereas there were only Christ, and his eleven disciples; and these in no condition, nor had any design, to defend themselves in an hostile manner.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-12 -
    Sin began in the garden of Eden, there the curse was pronounced, ther the Redeemer was promised; and in a garden that promised Seed entere into conflict with the old serpent. Christ was buried also in a garden Let us, when we walk in our gardens, take occasion from thence to mediate on Christ's sufferings in a garden. Our Lord Jesus, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth and asked, Whom seek ye When the people would have forced him to a crown, he withdrew, ch 6:15, but when they came to force him to a cross, he offered himself for he came into this world to suffer, and went to the other world to reign. He showed plainly what he could have done; when he struck the down he could have struck them dead, but he would not do so. It mus have been the effect of Divine power, that the officers and soldier let the disciples go away quietly, after the resistance which had bee offered. Christ set us an example of meekness in sufferings, and pattern of submission to God's will in every thing that concerns us. It is but a cup, a small matter. It is a cup that is given us; suffering are gifts. It is given us by a Father, who has a father's authority and does us no wrong; a father's affection, and means us no hurt. From the example of our Saviour we should learn how to receive our lighte afflictions, and to ask ourselves whether we ought to oppose ou Father's will, or to distrust his love. We were bound with the cords of our iniquities, with the yoke of our transgressions. Christ, being mad a sin-offering for us, to free us from those bonds, himself submitte to be bound for us. To his bonds we owe our liberty; thus the Son make us free.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ο
    3588 T-NSM ουν 3767 CONJ ιουδας 2455 N-NSM λαβων 2983 5631 V-2AAP-NSM την 3588 T-ASF σπειραν 4686 N-ASF και 2532 CONJ εκ 1537 PREP των 3588 T-GPM αρχιερεων 749 N-GPM και 2532 CONJ φαρισαιων 5330 N-GPM υπηρετας 5257 N-APM ερχεται 2064 5736 V-PNI-3S εκει 1563 ADV μετα 3326 PREP φανων 5322 N-GPM και 2532 CONJ λαμπαδων 2985 N-GPF και 2532 CONJ οπλων 3696 N-GPN

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    3. A
    band (thn speiran). Properly, the band. See on Mark xv. 16; also on centurion, Luke vii. 2; and Acts xxi. 31. The band, or cohort, was from the Roman garrison in the tower of Antonia.

    Officers (uphretav). See on Matt. v. 25. Sent from the Sanhedrim. The temple police. The Synoptists speak of the body which arrested Jesus as oclov, a multitude or rabble; but both Matthew and Mark mention the band (speira) later in the narrative (Matt. xxvii. 27; Mark xv. 16).

    Lanterns (fanwn). Only here in the New Testament. A detail peculiar to John. Though it was full moon, it was feared that Jesus might hide and escape.



    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40

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