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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Matthew 9:38


    CHAPTERS: Matthew 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - DAVIS - FOCHT   |   VIDEO: BIB - COMM

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    King James Bible - Matthew 9:38

    Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.

    World English Bible

    Pray therefore that the Lord of the harvest will send out laborers into his harvest."

    Douay-Rheims - Matthew 9:38

    Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he send forth labourers into his harvest.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth laborers into his harvest.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    δεηθητε
    1189 5676 V-AOM-2P ουν 3767 CONJ του 3588 T-GSM κυριου 2962 N-GSM του 3588 T-GSM θερισμου 2326 N-GSM οπως 3704 ADV εκβαλη 1544 5632 V-2AAS-3S εργατας 2040 N-APM εις 1519 PREP τον 3588 T-ASM θερισμον 2326 N-ASM αυτου 846 P-GSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (38) -
    Lu 6:12,13 Ac 13:2 2Th 3:1

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:38

    Rogad, pues, al Seor de la mies, que envíe obreros a su mies.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Matthew 9:38

    Verse 38. That he will send forth labourers] opwv ekballh ergatav, that he would thrust forth labourers. Those who are fittest for the
    work are generally most backward to the employment. The man who is forward to become a preacher knows little of God, of human nature, or of his own heart. It is, God's province to thrust out such preachers as shall labour; and it is our duty to entreat him to do so. A minister of Christ is represented as a day-labourer: he comes into the harvest, not to become lord of it, not to live on the labour of others, but to work, and to labour his day. Though the work may be very severe, yet, to use a familiar expression, there is good wages in the harvest-home; and the day, though hot, is but a short one.

    How earnestly should the flock of Christ pray to the good Shepherd to send them pastors after his own heart, who will feed them with knowledge, and who shall be the means of spreading the knowledge of his truth and the savour of his grace over the face of the whole earth! The subject of fasting, already slightly noticed in the preceding notes, should be farther considered.

    In all countries, and under all religions, fasting has not only been considered a duty, but also of extraordinary virtue to procure blessings, and to avert evils. Hence it has often been practised with extraordinary rigour, and abused to the most superstitious purposes. There are twelve kinds of fasts among the Hindoos:-1.

    The person neither eats nor drinks for a day and night. This fast is indispensable, and occurs twenty-nine times in the year.

    2. The person fasts during the day, and eats at night.

    3. The person eats nothing but fruits, and drinks milk or water.

    4. He eats once during the day and night.

    5. Eats one particular kind of food during the day and night, but as often as he pleases.

    6. Called Chanderaym, which is, to eat on the first day, only one mouthful; two on the second; and thus continue increasing one mouthful every day for a month, and then decreasing a mouthful every day, till he leaves off where he began.

    7. The person neither eats nor drinks for twelve days.

    8. Lasts twelve days: the first three days he eats a little once in the day; the next three, he eats only once in the night; the next three, he eats nothing, unless it be brought to him; and, during the last three days, he neither eats nor drinks.

    9. Lasts fifteen days. For three days and three nights, he eats only one handful at night; the next three days and nights, he eats one handful if it be brought him, if not, he takes nothing. Then he eats nothing for three days and three nights. The next three days and nights he takes only a handful of warm water each day. The next three days and nights he takes a handful of warm milk each day.

    10. For three days and nights he neither eats nor drinks. He lights a fire, and sits at a door where there enters a hot wind, which he draws in with his breath.

    11. Lasts fifteen days. Three, days and three nights he eats nothing but leaves; three days and three nights, nothing but the Indian fig; three days and three nights, nothing but the seed of the lotus; three days and three nights, nothing but peepul leaves; three days and three nights, the expressed juice of a particular kind of grass called doobah.

    12. Lasts a week. First day he eats milk; second, milk-curds; third, ghee, i.e. clarified butter; fourth, cow's urine; fifth, cow's dung; sixth, water; seventh, nothing.

    During every kind of fast, the person sleeps on the ground, plays at no game, has no connection with women, neither shaves nor anoints himself, and bestows alms each day.-AYEEN AKBERY, vol. iii. p. 247-250. How much more simple and effectual is the way of salvation taught in the BIBLE! But, because it is true, it Is not credited by fallen man.

    FASTING is considered by the Mohammedans as an essential part of piety.

    Their orthodox divines term it the gate of religion. With them, it is of two kinds, voluntary and incumbent; and is distinguished by the Mosliman doctors into three degrees: 1. The refraining from every kind of nourishment or carnal indulgence. 2. The restraining the various members from every thing which might excite sinful or corrupt desires. 3. The abstracting the mind wholly from worldly cares, and fixing it exclusively upon God. Their great annual fast is kept on the month Ramzan, or Ramadhan, beginning at the first new moon, and continuing until the appearance of the next; during which, it is required to abstain from every kind of nourishment from day-break till after sun-set of each day. From this observance none are excused but the sick, the aged, and children. This is properly the Mohammedan Lent. See HEDAYAH, prel. Dis. p. LV. LVI.

    It is worthy of remark, that these children of the Bridegroom, the disciples, did not mourn, were exposed to no persecution, while the Bridegroom, the Lord Jesus, was with them, but after he had been taken from them, by death and his ascension, they did fast and mourn; they were exposed to all manner of hardships, persecutions, and even death itself, in some of its worst forms.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 38. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest , etc.] By the Lord of the harvest is either meant God the Father, whose are all the elect, who has a hearty concern for them, and will have them all gathered in, not one of them shall be left; or the Lord Jesus Christ himself, who has the care and charge of the whole election of grace; and who as he must, he will bring them all in; and who has power of sending forth labourers, as the following chapter shows; and so this is a proof of prayer being made to Christ; that he will send forth labourers into his harvest . This is the petition the disciples of Christ were put upon making to the Lord of the harvest, on consideration of the present condition multitudes of souls were in: they could not make, qualify, and send out ministers themselves; this is not mans work, but Gods: he only is able to furnish with ministerial gifts, to work upon, and powerfully incline the hearts of men to this service, to call and send them forth into it, and to assist and succeed them in it. The persons desired to be sent are labourers; faithful, diligent, and industrious preachers of the Gospel; such as lay out themselves, their time, talents, and strength, in their masters service; and do not indulge themselves in sloth and idleness: the place they are desired to be sent into is, into the harvest; into the field of the world, where Gods elect lie, and there labour in preaching the Gospel; hoping for a divine blessing, and an almighty power to attend their ministrations, for the conversion of sinners, and edification of saints. The request the disciples are directed to make, concerning these persons for this work, is, that the Lord of the harvest would send, or thrust them forth; implying power and efficacy, and authority, on the part of the sender; and backwardness on the part of those that are sent, through modesty: a sense of the greatness of the work, and of their own unworthiness and unfitness for it. Very opportunely did our Lord move his disciples to put up this petition, and was done, no question, with a view to, and to prepare for, his mission of the twelve to preach the Gospel, of which there is an account in the next chapter.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 35-38 -
    Jesus visited not only the great and wealthy cities, but the poor obscure villages; and there he preached, there he healed. The souls of the meanest in the world are as precious to Christ, and should be so to us, as the souls of those who make the greatest figure. There wer priests, Levites, and scribes, all over the land; but they were ido shepherds, Zec 11:17; therefore Christ had compassion on the people a sheep scattered, as men perishing for lack of knowledge. To this da vast multitudes are as sheep not having a shepherd, and we should have compassion and do all we can to help them. The multitudes desirous of spiritual instruction formed a plenteous harvest, needing many activ labourers; but few deserved that character. Christ is the Lord of the harvest. Let us pray that many may be raised up and sent forth, wh will labour in bringing souls to Christ. It is a sign that God is abou to bestow some special mercy upon a people, when he stirs them up to pray for it. And commissions given to labourers in answer to prayer are most likely to be successful __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    δεηθητε
    1189 5676 V-AOM-2P ουν 3767 CONJ του 3588 T-GSM κυριου 2962 N-GSM του 3588 T-GSM θερισμου 2326 N-GSM οπως 3704 ADV εκβαλη 1544 5632 V-2AAS-3S εργατας 2040 N-APM εις 1519 PREP τον 3588 T-ASM θερισμον 2326 N-ASM αυτου 846 P-GSM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    38. Send forth (ekbalh). So A.V. and Rev. But the word is stronger: thrust out, force them out, as from urgent necessity.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    9:38 {That he send forth
    laborers} (hopws ekbalei ergatas). Jesus turns from the figure of the shepherdless sheep to the harvest field ripe and ready for the reapers. The verb ekballw really means to drive out, to push out, to draw out with violence or without. Prayer is the remedy offered by Jesus in this crisis for a larger ministerial supply. How seldom do we hear prayers for more preachers. Sometimes God literally has to push or force a man into the ministry who resists his known duty.


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