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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Matthew 9:15


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    King James Bible - Matthew 9:15

    And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then shall they fast.

    World English Bible

    Jesus said to them, "Can the friends of the bridegroom mourn, as
    long as the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then they will fast.

    Douay-Rheims - Matthew 9:15

    And Jesus said to them: Can the children of the bridegroom mourn, as
    long as the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then they shall fast.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And Jesus said to them, Can the children of the bride-chamber mourn, as
    long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then they will fast.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ ειπεν 2036 5627 V-2AAI-3S αυτοις 846 P-DPM ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM μη 3361 PRT-N δυνανται 1410 5736 V-PNI-3P οι 3588 T-NPM υιοι 5207 N-NPM του 3588 T-GSM νυμφωνος 3567 N-GSM πενθειν 3996 5721 V-PAN εφ 1909 PREP οσον 3745 K-ASN μετ 3326 PREP αυτων 846 P-GPM εστιν 2076 5748 V-PXI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM νυμφιος 3566 N-NSM ελευσονται 2064 5695 V-FDI-3P δε 1161 CONJ ημεραι 2250 N-NPF οταν 3752 CONJ απαρθη 522 5686 V-APS-3S απ 575 PREP αυτων 846 P-GPM ο 3588 T-NSM νυμφιος 3566 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ τοτε 5119 ADV νηστευσουσιν 3522 5692 V-FAI-3P

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (15) -
    Mt 25:1-10 Jud 14:11 *etc:

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:15

    Y Jess les dijo: ¿Pueden los hijos the la recamara nuncial tener luto entre tanto que el esposo est con ellos? Mas vendrn días cuando el esposo les ser quitado, y entonces ayunarn.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Matthew 9:15

    Verse 15. Can the
    children of the bride-chamber] numfwnov. Or, numfiou, bridegroom, as the Cod. Bezae and several versions have it.

    These persons were the companions of the bridegroom, who accompanied him to the house of his father-in-law when he went to bring the bride to his own home. The marriage-feast among the Jews lasted seven days; but the new married woman was considered to be a bride for thirty days. Marriage feasts were times of extraordinary festivity, and even of riot, among several people of the east.

    When the bridegroom shall be taken from them, &c.] There was one annual fast observed in the primitive Church, called by our ancestors the spring fast, and, by us, LENT; by the Greeks tesserakosth, and by the Latins, Quadrigessima. This fast is pretended to be kept by many, in the present day, in commemoration of our Lord's forty days' fast in the wilderness; but it does not appear that, in the purest ages of the primitive Church, genuine Christians ever pretended that their quadrigessimal fast was kept for the above purpose. Their fast was kept merely to commemorate the time during which Jesus Christ lay under the power of death, which was about FORTY HOURS; and it was in this sense they understood the words of this text: the days will come, &c. With them, the bridegroom meant Christ: the time in which he was taken away, his crucifixion, death, and the time he lay in the grave. Suppose him dying about twelve o'clock on what is called Friday, and that he rose about four on the morning of his own day, (St. John says, Early, while it was yet dark, chap. xx. 1,) the interim makes forty hours, which was the true primitive Lent, or quadrigessimal fast. It is true that many in the primitive Church were not agreed on this subject, as Socrates, in his Church History, book v. chap. 22, says, "Some thought they should fast one day; others two; others more." Different Churches also were divided concerning the length of the time, some keeping it three, others five, and others seven weeks; and the historian himself is puzzled to know why they all agreed in calling these fasts, differing so much in their duration, by the name of Quadrigessima, or forty days' fast: the plain obvious reason appears to me to have been simply this: They put DAYS in the place of HOURS; and this absurdity continues in some Christian Churches to the present day. For more on fasting, see "chap. vi. 16".


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 15. And Jesus said unto them , etc.] To the disciples of John, the Pharisees being present, who both have here a full answer; though it seems to be especially directed to the former: can the children of the bride chamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom, is with them? By the bridegroom Christ means himself, who stands in such a relation to his church, and to all, believers; whom he secretly betrothed to himself from all eternity, in the covenant of grace; and openly espouses in the effectual calling; and will still do it in a more public manner at the last day John, the master of those men, who put the question to Christ, had acknowledged him under this character, ( John 3:29) and therefore they ought to own it as belonging to him; so that the argument upon it came with the greater force to them. By the children of the bride chamber are meant the disciples, who were the friends of the bridegroom, as John also says he was; and therefore rejoiced at hearing his voice, as these did, and ought to do; their present situation, having the presence of Christ the bridegroom with them, required mirth and not mourning, John, their master, being witness. The allusion is to a nuptial solemnity, which is a time of joy and feasting, and not of sorrow and fasting; when both bride and bridegroom have their friends attending them, who used to be called hpwjh ynb , the children of the bride chamber. The bride had her maidens waiting on her; and it is said f567 , she did not go into the bridechamber but with them; and these are called, atpwj ynb , the children of the bride chamber.

    So the young men that were the friends of the bridegroom, which attended him, were called by the same name; and, according to the Jewish canons, were free from many things they were otherwise obliged to: thus it is said f568 : the bridegroom, his friends, and all hpwjh ynb , the children of the bride chamber, are free from the booth all the seven days; that is, from dwelling in booths at the feast of tabernacles, which was too strait a place for such festival solemnities. And again, the bridegroom, his friends, and all hpwjh ynb , the children of the bride chamber, are free from prayer and the phylacteries; that is, from observing the stated times of attending to these things, and much more then were they excused from fasting and mourning; so that the Pharisees had an answer sufficient to silence them, agreeably to their own traditions. Give me leave to transcribe one passage more, for the illustration of this text f569 . When R. Lazar ben Arach opened, in the business of Mercava, (the visions in the beginning of Ezekiel,) Rabban Jochanan ben Zaccai alighted from his ass; for he said it is not fit I should hear the glory of my Creator, and ride upon an ass: they went, and sat under a certain tree, and fire came down from heaven and surrounded them; and the ministering angels leaped before them, hpwj ynbk , as the children of the bride chamber rejoice before the bridegroom.

    The time of Christs being with his disciples, between his entrance on his public ministry, and his death, is the time here referred to, during which the disciples had very little care and trouble: this was their rejoicing time, and there was a great deal of reason for it; they had no occasion to fast and mourn; and indeed the Jews themselves say f570 , that all fasts shall cease in the days of the Messiah; and there shall be no more but good days, and days of joy and rejoicing, as it is said, ( Zechariah 8:19). But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them ; in a forcible manner, and put to death, as he was; and then shall they fast and mourn, and be in great distress, as Johns disciples now were, on account of their master being in prison.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 14-17 - John was at this time in prison; his circumstances, his character, an the nature of the message he was sent to deliver, led those who wer peculiarly attached to him, to keep frequent fasts. Christ referre them to John's testimony of him, Joh 3:29. Though there is no doub that Jesus and his disciples lived in a spare and frugal manner, it would be improper for his disciples to fast while they had the comfor of his presence. When he is with them, all is well. The presence of the sun makes day, and its absence produces night. Our Lord furthe reminded them of common rules of prudence. It was not usual to take piece of rough woolen cloth, which had never been prepared, to join to an old garment, for it would not join well with the soft, old garment but would tear it further, and the rent would be made worse. Nor woul men put new wine into old leathern bottles, which were going to decay and would be liable to burst from the fermenting of the wine; but putting the new wine into strong, new, skin bottles, both would be preserved. Great caution and prudence are necessary, that youn converts may not receive gloomy and forbidding ideas of the service of our Lord; but duties are to be urged as they are able to bear them.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ ειπεν 2036 5627 V-2AAI-3S αυτοις 846 P-DPM ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM μη 3361 PRT-N δυνανται 1410 5736 V-PNI-3P οι 3588 T-NPM υιοι 5207 N-NPM του 3588 T-GSM νυμφωνος 3567 N-GSM πενθειν 3996 5721 V-PAN εφ 1909 PREP οσον 3745 K-ASN μετ 3326 PREP αυτων 846 P-GPM εστιν 2076 5748 V-PXI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM νυμφιος 3566 N-NSM ελευσονται 2064 5695 V-FDI-3P δε 1161 CONJ ημεραι 2250 N-NPF οταν 3752 CONJ απαρθη 522 5686 V-APS-3S απ 575 PREP αυτων 846 P-GPM ο 3588 T-NSM νυμφιος 3566 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ τοτε 5119 ADV νηστευσουσιν 3522 5692 V-FAI-3P

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    9:15 {The sons of the bride-chamber} (hoi huioi tou numfwnos). It is a late Hebrew idiom for the
    wedding guests, "the friends of the bridegroom and all the sons of the bride-chamber" (_Tos. Berak._ ii. 10). Cf. #Joh 2:29.


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