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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Acts 20:22


    CHAPTERS: Acts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Acts 20:22

    And now, behold, I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, not knowing the things that shall befall me there:

    World English Bible

    Now, behold, I go bound by the Spirit to Jerusalem, not knowing what will happen to me there;

    Douay-Rheims - Acts 20:22

    And now, behold, being bound in the spirit, I go to Jerusalem: not knowing the things which shall befall me there:

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And now behold, I go bound in the spirit to Jerusalem, not knowing the things that shall befall me there:

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ νυν 3568 ADV ιδου 2400 5628 V-2AAM-2S εγω 1473 P-1NS δεδεμενος 1210 5772 V-RPP-NSM τω 3588 T-DSN πνευματι 4151 N-DSN πορευομαι 4198 5736 V-PNI-1S εις 1519 PREP ιερουσαλημ 2419 N-PRI τα 3588 T-APN εν 1722 PREP αυτη 846 P-DSF συναντησοντα 4876 5694 V-FAP-APN μοι 3427 P-1DS μη 3361 PRT-N ειδως 1492 5761 V-RAP-NSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (22) -
    Ac 19:21; 21:11-14 Lu 9:51; 12:50 2Co 5:14

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:22

    Y ahora, he aquí, que yo atado del Espíritu, voy a Jerusaln, sin saber lo que all me ha de acontecer;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Acts 20:22

    Verse 22. I go bound in the spirit] dedemenov tw pneumati- Either meaning the
    strong influence of the Divine Spirit upon his mind, or the strong propensity in his own will, wish, and desire, to visit Jerusalem; and in this sense deein, to bind, is sometimes used. But it appears more consistent with the mind of the apostle, and with that influence under which we find that he constantly acted, to refer it to the influence of the Holy Ghost; upo tou pneumatov, being under the power of that Spirit; as if he had said: "I have now no choice-God has not left me either to the advices of friends, or to my own prudence: the Spirit of God obliges me to go to Jerusalem, and yet does not intimate to me what peculiar trials shall befall me there: I have only the general intimation that, in every city where I proclaim the Gospel, bonds and afflictions await me." This sense of the word Kypke has largely defended in his note here.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 22. And now behold, I go bound in the spirit unto
    Jerusalem , etc.] Not in his own spirit, though the Ethiopic version reads, in my spirit; as if he was pressed and straitened, and troubled within himself, at what afflictions and bonds he was to endure at Jerusalem; for this is not consistent with what he says in ( Acts 20:24) nor is the sense, that he was bound in conscience and duty to go to Jerusalem, to carry the collections of the churches made for the poor saints there, which the Gentile churches importuned him to take upon him, and which he undertook, and promised to perform, and so was under obligation to do it; but rather that he was resolved and determined in his own mind, within himself, or he purposed in his spirit, as in ( Acts 19:21) to go to Jerusalem: but it is best to understand it of the Spirit of God; as that either the apostle, by the revelation of the Spirit of God, knew that when he came to Jerusalem he should be laid in bonds, and under a deep impression of that upon his mind, he went thither, as though he was bound already; or rather that he was under such a strong impulse of the Spirit of God, by which he was moved to such a vehement desire to go thither, that the bonds and afflictions he saw waited for him there, could not deter him, and all the entreaties of his friends could not dissuade him from it: not knowing the things that shall befall me there ; that is, the particular things he should suffer there, nor how they would issue with respect to life or death; and if the latter, whether he should suffer death, there or elsewhere; these things were not as yet revealed to him; he only in general knew, that bonds and afflictions would be his lot and portion, and which therefore he excepts in the next verse: after this it was revealed to him by Agabus a prophet, in the name, and under the influence of the Holy Ghost, that he should be apprehended at Jerusalem, and should be bound and delivered to the Gentiles; which was signified by the prophets taking his girdle and binding his hands and feet with it, but still he knew not whether he should die there or not, though he was ready for it, ( Acts 21:10,11,13) afterwards when he was come to Jerusalem, and had been bound, and was in prison, the Lord himself appeared to him, and told him that he must bear witness at Rome, as he had testified of him at Jerusalem, ( Acts 23:11) so that he was not to suffer death there, only bonds and imprisonment.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 17-27 - The
    elders knew that Paul was no designing, self-seeking man. Those wh would in any office serve the Lord acceptably, and profitably to others, must do it with humility. He was a plain preacher, one tha spoke his message so as to be understood. He was a powerful preacher he preached the gospel as a testimony to them if they received it; but as a testimony against them if they rejected it. He was a profitabl preacher; one that aimed to inform their judgments, and reform their hearts and lives. He was a painful preacher, very industrious in his work. He was a faithful preacher; he did not keep back reproofs when necessary, nor keep back the preaching of the cross. He was a trul Christian, evangelical preacher; he did not preach notions or doubtfu matters; nor affairs of state or the civil government; but he preache faith and repentance. A better summary of these things, without whic there is no salvation, cannot be given: even repentance towards God and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ, with their fruits and effects Without these no sinner can escape, and with these none will come shor of eternal life. Let them not think that Paul left Asia for fear of persecution; he was in full expectation of trouble, yet resolved to go on, well assured that it was by Divine direction. Thanks be to God tha we know not the things which shall befall us during the year, the week the day which has begun. It is enough for the child of God to know tha his strength shall be equal to his day. He knows not, he would no know, what the day before him shall bring forth. The powerfu influences of the Holy Spirit bind the true Christian to his duty. Eve when he expects persecution and affliction, the love of Chris constrains him to proceed. None of these things moved Paul from his work; they did not deprive him of his comfort. It is the business of our life to provide for a joyful death. Believing that this was the last time they should see him, he appeals concerning his integrity. He had preached to them the whole counsel of God. As he had preached to them the gospel purely, so he had preached it to them entire; he faithfully did his work, whether men would bear or forbear.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ νυν 3568 ADV ιδου 2400 5628 V-2AAM-2S εγω 1473 P-1NS δεδεμενος 1210 5772 V-RPP-NSM τω 3588 T-DSN πνευματι 4151 N-DSN πορευομαι 4198 5736 V-PNI-1S εις 1519 PREP ιερουσαλημ 2419 N-PRI τα 3588 T-APN εν 1722 PREP αυτη 846 P-DSF συναντησοντα 4876 5694 V-FAP-APN μοι 3427 P-1DS μη 3361 PRT-N ειδως 1492 5761 V-RAP-NSM

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    20:22 {Bound in the spirit} (dedemenos twi pneumati).
    Perfect passive participle of dew, to bind, with the locative case. "Bound in my spirit" he means, as in #19:21, from a high sense of duty. The mention of "the Holy Spirit" specifically in verse #23 seems to be in contrast to his own spirit here. His own spirit was under the control of the Holy Spirit (#Ro 8:16) and the sense does not differ greatly. {Not knowing} (me eidws). Second perfect active participle of oida with me. {That shall befall me} (ta sunantesonta emoi). Articular future active participle of sunantaw, to meet with (#Ac 10:25), to befall (with associative instrumental case) and compare with sumbantwn (befell) in verse #19. One of the rare instances of the future participle in the N.T.


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