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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Acts 20:4


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    King James Bible - Acts 20:4

    And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.

    World English Bible

    These accompanied him as far as Asia: Sopater of Beroea; Aristarchus and Secundus of the Thessalonians; Gaius of Derbe; Timothy; and Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia.

    Douay-Rheims - Acts 20:4

    And there accompanied him Sopater the son of Pyrrhus, of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus, and Secundus, and Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy; and of Asia, Tychicus, and Trophimus.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    συνειπετο
    4902 5711 V-INI-3S δε 1161 CONJ αυτω 846 P-DSM αχρι 891 PREP της 3588 T-GSF ασιας 773 N-GSF σωπατρος 4986 N-NSM βεροιαιος 961 A-NSM θεσσαλονικεων 2331 N-GPM δε 1161 CONJ αρισταρχος 708 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ σεκουνδος 4580 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ γαιος 1050 N-NSM δερβαιος 1190 A-NSM και 2532 CONJ τιμοθεος 5095 N-NSM ασιανοι 774 N-NPM δε 1161 CONJ τυχικος 5190 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ τροφιμος 5161 N-NSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (4) -
    Ro 16:21

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:4

    Y le acompaaron hasta Asia, Spater de Pyrro, bereense, y los tesalonicenses, Aristarco y Segundo; y Gayo de Derbe, y Timoteo; y de Asia, Tíquico y Trfimo.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Acts 20:4

    Verse 4. And there accompanied him] Rather, says
    Bishop Pearce, there followed him as far as to Asia; for they were not in his company till he set sail from Philippi, and came to them at Troas, in Asia, whither they had gone before, and where they tarried for him, ver. 5.

    Into Asia] acri thv asiav; These words are wanting in two MSS., Erpen, the AEthiopic, Coptic, and Vulgate. Some think that they embarrass this place; for how these could accompany him into Asia, and go before him, and tarry for him at Troas, ver. 6, is not so very clear; unless we suppose, what I have glanced at in the table of contents, that they came with him to Asia, but, he tarrying a short time, they proceeded on their journey, and stopped for him at Troas, where he shortly after rejoined them. Mr. Wakefield gets rid of the difficulty by reading the verse thus: Now Sopater of Berea accompanied him; but Aristarchus and Secundus of Thessalonica, Gaius of Derbe, Timothy of Lystra, and Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia, went before, and tarried for us at Troas.

    Sopater of Berea] Sopater seems to be the same as Sosipater, whom St. Paul mentions as his kinsman, Rom. xvi. 21. ADE, more than twenty others, with the Coptic, Armenian, later Syriac in the margin, Vulgate, Itala, Theophylact, Origen, and Bede, add purrou, Sopater the SON OF PYRRHUS. Griesbach has received this into his text.

    Aristarchus of Thessalonica] This person occurs in chap. xix. 29, and is mentioned there as a Macedonian. He attended Paul in his journey to Rome, chap. xxvii. 2, and was his fellow labourer, Philemon 24, and his fellow prisoner, Col. iv. 10, 11. Secundus is mentioned nowhere but in this place.

    Gaius of Derbe] This is supposed to be the same who is mentioned chap. xix. 26, and who is there called a man of Macedonia, of which some suppose he was a native, but descended from a family that came from Derbe; but as Gaius, or Caius, was a very common name, these might have been two distinct persons. One of this name was baptized by St. Paul at Corinth, 1 Cor. i. 14, and entertained him as his host while he abode there, Rom. xvi. 23, and was probably the same to whom St. John directs his third epistle.

    And Timotheus] Of Lystra, is added by the Syriac. This was the same person of whom mention is made, chap. xvi. 1, and to whom St. Paul wrote the two epistles which are still extant; and who was a native of Lystra, as we learn from the above place. It was on this evidence, probably that the ancient Syriac translator added, of Lystra, to the text. This reading is not supported by any MSS.

    Tychicus-of Asia] This person was high in the confidence of St. Paul. He styles him a beloved brother, and faithful minister in the Lord, whom he sent to the Ephesians, that he might know their affairs, and comfort their hearts, Eph. vi. 21, 22. He sent him for the same purpose, and with the same commendations, to the Colossians, Col. iv. 7, 8. Paul seems also to have designed him to superintend the Church at Crete in the absence of Titus; see Tit. iii. 12. He seems to have been the most intimate and confidential friend that Paul had.

    Trophimus.] Was an Ephesian; and both he and Tychicus are called efesioi, Ephesians, instead of asianoi, Asiatics, in the Codex Bezae, both Greek and Latin, and in the Sahidic. He accompanied Paul from Ephesus into Greece, as we see here; and from thence to Jerusalem, chap. xxi. 29. He had, no doubt, traveled with him on other journeys, for we find, by 2 Tim. iv. 20, that he was obliged to leave him sick at Miletus, being then, as it is likely, on his return to his own kindred at Ephesus.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 4. And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea , etc.] This Sopater is thought to be the same with Sosipater in ( Romans 16:21) and in three of Bezas copies, and in as many of Stephenss, he is so called here; the Ethiopic version calls him Peter, a citizen of Berea; and the Arabic version Sopater of Aleppo. The Alexandrian copy, Bezas most ancient copy, and others, the Complutensian edition, and the Vulgate Latin version, read, Sopater of Pyrrhus, the Berean; that is, the son of Pyrrhus.

    He is reckoned among the seventy disciples, and is said to be bishop of Iconium; (see Gill on Luke 10:1). This name was common among the Greeks; there was one of this name a native of Paphus, in the times of Alexander the great, a comical poet, and who also is sometimes called Sosipater, as this man was; there was another Sopater the sophist, who wrote the affairs of Alexander; and there was another of this name, who, among other things, collected much concerning painters and statuaries. The name signifies a father saved. Pyrrhus is a Grecian name well known, being the name of a famous king of Greece who engaged in war with the Romans. This man went along with the apostle into Asia; and it seems, that of the persons here mentioned, he only accompanied him; for the verb is in the singular number, and the other six persons following did not go along with him, as Sopater did, but went before him to Troas, which was in Asia, and there waited for him; though the Syriac version reads in the plural number; but then it renders the words, they went forth with him, as they might do from Greece, and yet not accompany him into Asia: the phrase into Asia is left out in the Vulgate Latin and Ethiopic versions. And of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus ; the former of these is before said to be a Macedonian, ( Acts 19:29) and here he appears to be of Thessalonica, and his name is a Greek one; but Secundus is a Roman name, though he might be born at Thessalonica, or at least have lived there, and so be said to be of it. His name signifies Second; very likely was his fathers second son, and therefore so called; though the name was used among the Grecians. We read of Secundus an Athenian, the master of Herod the sophist, who flourished under the emperor Adrian, there are sentences under his name still extant; and another called Secundus the grammarian, a friend of Poleman, a philosopher at Athens, who corrected his writings; so that this man might be a Grecian, and a native of Thessalonica; mention is made of him nowhere else. And Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus ; the former of these is so called to distinguish him from Gaius the Macedonian in ( Acts 19:29) and the latter by being joined with him should be of the same place, as he might be; (see Acts 16:1) though the Syriac version reads, and Timotheus of Lystra; and so does the Arabic version used by Deuteronomy Dieu; and this is mentioned with Derbe in the above cited place. And of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus : of the former (see Ephesians 6:21, Colossians 4:7, 2 Timothy 4:12) and of the latter (see Timothy 4:20) ( Acts 21:29) where he is called an Ephesian, as they both are here in Bezas most ancient copy; Ephesus being the metropolis of Asia, strictly so called. These are both of them said to be among the seventy disciples: Trophimus, we are told, taught at Arles in France, and suffered martyrdom with the Apostle Paul; and that Tychicus was bishop of Chalcedon in Bithynia; and that another of the same name was bishop of Colophon; (see Gill on Luke 10:1). Trophimus signifies nourished, and is a name to be found in a funeral inscription of the Romans f993 , though Greek, and in the fragments of the poet Menander: and Tychicus signifies fortunate; whether the same with Fortunatus in ( 1 Corinthians 16:17) may be inquired.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-6 - Tumults or opposition may constrain a Christian to remove from his station or alter his purpose, but his work and his pleasure will be the same, wherever he goes. Paul thought it worth while to bestow five day in going to Troas, though it was but for seven days' stay there; but he knew, and so should we, how to redeem even journeying time, and to make it turn to some good account.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    συνειπετο
    4902 5711 V-INI-3S δε 1161 CONJ αυτω 846 P-DSM αχρι 891 PREP της 3588 T-GSF ασιας 773 N-GSF σωπατρος 4986 N-NSM βεροιαιος 961 A-NSM θεσσαλονικεων 2331 N-GPM δε 1161 CONJ αρισταρχος 708 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ σεκουνδος 4580 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ γαιος 1050 N-NSM δερβαιος 1190 A-NSM και 2532 CONJ τιμοθεος 5095 N-NSM ασιανοι 774 N-NPM δε 1161 CONJ τυχικος 5190 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ τροφιμος 5161 N-NSM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    4. So pater. The
    best texts add, the son of Pyrrhus. Compare Romans xvi. 21.

    Aristarchus. Compare Acts xix. 29.

    Gaius. Not the one mentioned in ch. xix. 29, who was a Macedonian.

    Tychicus and Trophimus. See Col. iv. 7, 8; Eph. vi. 21, 22; 2 Timothy iv. 12; Tit. iii. 2; Acts xxi. 29; 2 Tim. iv. 20.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    20:4 {Accompanied him} (suneipeto autwi). Imperfect of sunepomai, old and common verb, but only here in the N.T. The singular is used agreeing with the first name mentioned S"patros and to be supplied with each of the others. Textus Receptus adds here "into Asia" (acri tes asias, as far as Asia), but the best documents (Aleph B Vulg. Sah Boh) do not have it. As a matter of fact, Trophimus went as far as Jerusalem (#Ac 21:29) and Aristarchus as far as Rome (#27:2; Col 4:10), The phrase could apply only to Sopatros. It is not clear though probable that Luke means to say that these seven brethren, delegates of the various churches (#2Co 8:19-23) started from Corinth with Paul. Luke notes the fact that they accompanied Paul, but the party may really have been made up at Philippi where Luke himself joined Paul, the rest of the party having gone on to Troas (#20:5f.). These were from Roman provinces that shared in the collection (Galatia, Asia, Macedonia, Achaia). In this list three were from Macedonia, Sopater of Beroea, Aristarchus and Secundus of Thessalonica; two from Galatia, Gaius of Derbe and Timothy of Lystra; two from Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus. It is a bit curious that none are named from Achaia. Had Corinth failed after all (#2Co 8; 9) to raise its share of the collection after such eager pledging? Rackham suggests that they may have turned their part over directly to Paul. Luke joined Paul in Philippi and could have handled the money from Achaia. It was an important event and Paul took the utmost pains to remove any opportunity for scandal in the handling of the funds.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38

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