SEV Biblia, Chapter 25:1 ¶ Cuando hubiere pleito entre algunos, y vinieren a juicio, y los juzgaren, y absolvieren al justo y condenaren al inicuo,
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Deuteronomy 25:1 Verse 1. They shall justify the righteous] This is a very important passage, and is a key to several others. The word qdx tsadak is used here precisely in the same sense in which St. Paul sometimes uses the corresponding word dikaiow, not to justify or make just, but to acquit, declare innocent, to remit punishment, or give reasons why such a one should not be punished; so here the magistrates wqydxh hitsdiku, shall acquit, the righteous-declare him innocent, because he is found to be righteous and not wicked: so the Septuagint: kai dikaiwsousin ton dikaion they shall make righteous the righteous-declare him free from blame, not liable to punishment, acquitted; using the same word with St. Paul when he speaks of a sinner's justification, i. e., his acquittance from blame and punishment, because of the death of Christ in his stead.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 1. If there be a controversy between men , etc.] Between two or more: and they come unto judgment ; into a court of judicature, bring their cause thither: that [the judges] may judge them ; who were never less than three; the great sanhedrim at Jerusalem consisted of seventy one, the lesser court was of twenty three, and the least of all three only: then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked : acquit the one, whose cause is good, and condemn the other to punishment, who is guilty of a crime, and as that deserves; which is to do righteous judgment; the contrary to this is an abomination to the Lord, ( Proverbs 17:15).
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-3 - Every punishment should be with solemnity, that those who see it may be filled with dread, and be warned not to offend in like manner. An though the criminals must be shamed as well as put to pain, for their warning and disgrace, yet care should be taken that they do not appea totally vile. Happy those who are chastened of the Lord to humble them that they should not be condemned with the world to destruction.
Original Hebrew כי 3588 יהיה 1961 ריב 7379 בין 996 אנשׁים 582 ונגשׁו 5066 אל 413 המשׁפט 4941 ושׁפטום 8199 והצדיקו 6663 את 853 הצדיק 6662 והרשׁיעו 7561 את 853 הרשׁע׃ 7563