SEV Biblia, Chapter 10:11 Y cuando iban huyendo de los israelitas, a la bajada de Bet-horón, el SEÑOR echó sobre ellos del cielo grandes piedras hasta Azeca, y murieron; muchos más murieron de las piedras del granizo, que los que los hijos de Israel habían muerto a cuchillo.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Joshua 10:11 Verse 11. The Lord cast down great stones from heaven upon them] Some have contended that stones, in the common acceptation of the word, are intended here; and that the term hail-stones is only used to point out the celerity of their fall, and their quantity. That stones have fallen from the clouds, if not from a greater height, is a most incontestable fact. That these have fallen in different parts of the world is also true; the East Indies, America, France, Germany, England, Ireland, &c., have all witnessed this phenomenon: of such stones I possess and have seen several fragments; some considerable pieces may be seen in the British Museum. That God might have cast down such stones as these on the Canaanites, there can be no doubt, because his power is unlimited; and the whole account proves that here there was a miraculous interference. But it is more likely that hail- stones, in the proper sense of the word, are meant as well as expressed in the text. That God on other occasions has made use of hail-stones to destroy both men and cattle, we have ample proof in the plague of hail that fell on the Egyptians. See the note on Exod. ix. 18. There is now before me a square of glass, taken out of a south window in the house of Mr. Ball of Crockerton, in the parish of Longbridge Deverell, county of Wilts., through which a hail-stone passed in a shower that fell there June 1, 1780, at two o'clock, P.M. The hole is an obtuse ellipsis or oval, and is cut as true as if it had been done with a diamond: it is three inches and a half in diameter; a proof that the stone that pierced it, which was about eleven inches in circumference, came with inconceivable velocity, else the glass must have been shivered to pieces. I have known a cannon ball go through a square of glass in the cabin window of a ship, and make precisely the same kind of hole, without either shattering or even starring the glass. It is needless to add that this hail-shower did great damage, breaking even trees in pieces, and destroying the vegetation through the whole of its extent. But allowing that extraordinary showers of hail have fallen in England or France, is it likely that such showers ever fell in the promised land or its vicinity? They certainly have. Albertus Aquensis, one of the writers in the collection Gesta Dei per Francos, in describing the expedition of Baldwin I.
in the Holy Land, observes that, when he and his army were in the Arabian mountains, in the vicinity of the Dead Sea, they suffered incredibly from horrible hail, terrible frost, and indescribable rain and snow, so that thirty of his men perished by them. His words are: "Sexta vero die montanis permensis, in extremo illorum cacumine maxima pertulerunt pericula, in GRANDINE horribili, in GLACIE terribili, in PLUVIA et NIVE inaudita, quorum immanitate, et horrore ingruente ad triginta homines pedites prae frigore mortui sunt." -Hist. Hieros., p. 307. I conclude, therefore, that a shower of hail-stones may be meant; and that this shower, though natural in itself, was supernaturally employed on this occasion, and miraculously directed to fall where it did, and do the execution described. But I am ready to grant, notwithstanding, that as a most stupendous miracle was in this instance wrought, in causing the sun and moon to stand still; there can be no doubt that the shower of stones, which was also miraculous, might have been of real stones as well as hail-stones. Of late, this subject of the fall of real stones from the clouds has been very closely investigated, and not only the possibility of the fall of such stones from the clouds, or from much higher regions, but the certainty of the case has been fully demonstrated. These substances are now, in philosophical language denominated aeroliths or air- stones; and the following table constructed by M. Izarn, a foreign chemist, exhibits a variety of facts of this kind, and shows the places and times in which these substances fell, and the testimony by which these facts are supported. As it is as possible that God might have projected a shower of stones on these idolaters, even from the moon, as to arrest that planet in her course, I give the table, and leave the reader to decide, in the present case, for aeroliths or hail-stones, as may seem to him most congruous to the fact here related.
SUBSTANCES PLACES WHERE THEY FELL 1 Shower of stones At Rome.
Shower of stones At Rome.
A very large stone Near the river Negos, Thrace 4 Three large stones In Thrace.
Stone of 72 lbs Near Larissa, Macedonia.
About 1, 200 stones; one Near Padua in Italy 120 lbs.
Another of 60 lbs On Mount Vasier, Provence 8 Another of 59 lbs On Mount Vasier, Provence 9 Two large stones weighing On Mount Vasier, Provence 20 lbs Liponas, in Bresse.
A stony mass Niort, Normandy.
A stone of 7 « lbs At Lure, in Leviticus Maine.
A stone At Aire, in Artois.
A stone In Leviticus Cotentin.
Extensive shower of stones Environs of Agen.
About 12 stones Sienna Tuscany.
A large stone of 56 lbs Wold Cottage, Yorkshire.
A stone of 10 lbs In Portugal.
A stone of about 120 lbs Sale department of the Rhone 19 Shower of stones Benares, East Indies.
Shower of stones At Plann, near Tabor, Bohemia 21 Mass of iron, 70 cubic feet America.
Mass of ditto, 14 quintals Abakauk, Siberia.
Shower of stones Barboutan, near Roquefort 24 Large stone, 260 lbs Ensisheim, Upper Rhine.
Two stones, 200 and 300 lbs Near Verona.
A stone of 20 lbs Sales, near Ville Franche 27 Several ditto from 10 to 17 lbs Near L'Aigle, Normandy.
[The Righthand Portion of the Above Chart Continues on the Following Page] PERIOD OF THEIR FALL TESTIMONY 1 Under Tullus Hostilius Livy.
Consuls, C Martius and M Torquatus & J Obsequens.
Second year of the 78th Olympiad Pliny.
Year before J.C., 452 Ch. of Count Marcellin 5 January, 1706 Paul Lucas.
6, 7 In 1510 Carden, Varcit.
November 27, 1627 Gassendi.
September, 1753 Deuteronomy Lamentations Lande.
In 1750 Deuteronomy Lamentations Lande.
September 13, 1768 Bachelay.
In 1768 Gurson de Boyaval 13 In 1768 Morand.
July 24, 1790 St Amand, Baudin, etc 15 July, 1794 Earl of Bristol.
December 13, 1795 Captain Topham.
February 19, 1796 Southey.
March 17, 1798 Leviticus Lievre and Deuteronomy Dree 19 December 19, 1798 J Lloyd Williams, Esq 20 July 3, 1753 B de Born.
April 5, 1800 Philosophical Magazine 22 Very old Pallas, Chladni, etc 23 July, 1789 Darcet, jun., Lomet, etc 24 November 7, 1492 Butenschoen.
In 1762 Acad de Bourd.
March 12, 1798 Deuteronomy Dree.
April 26, 1803 Fourcroy.
These stones generally appear luminous in their descent, moving in oblique directions with very great velocities, and commonly with a hissing noise.
They are frequently heard to explode or burst, and seem to fly in pieces, the larger parts falling first. They often strike the earth with such force as to sink several inches below the surface. They are always different from the surrounding bodies, but in every case are similar to one another, being semi-metallic, coated with a thin black incrustation. They bear strong marks of recent fusion. Chemists have found on examining these stones that they very nearly agree in their nature and composition, and in the proportions of their component parts. The stone which fell at Ensisheim in Alsace, in 1492, and those which fell at L'Aigle in France, in 1803, yielded, by the Analysis of Fourcroy and Vanquelin, as in this table: - Their specific gravities are generally about three of four times that of water, being heavier than common stones. From the above account it is reasonable to conclude that they have all the same origin. To account for this phenomenon, various hypotheses have appeared; we shall mention three: 1. That they are little planets, which, circulating in space, fall into the atmosphere, which, by its friction, diminishes the velocity, so that they fall by their weight. 2. That they are concretions formed in the atmosphere. 3. That they are projected from lunar volcanoes. These are the most probable conjectures we can meet with, and of these the two former possess a very small degree of probability, but there are very strong reasons in favour of the last. Among the reasons we may notice the following: 1. Volcanoes in the moon have been observed by means of the telescope. 2. The lunar volcanoes are very high, and the surface of that globe suffers frequent changes, as appears by the late observations of Schroeter. 3. If a body be projected from the moon to a distance greater than that of the point of equilibrium between the attraction of the earth and moon, it will, on the known principle of gravitation, fall to the earth. 4.
That a body may be projected from the lunar volcanoes beyond the moon's influence, is not only possible but very probable; for on calculation it is found that four times the force usually given to a twelve pounder, will be quite sufficient for this purpose; it is to be observed that the point of equilibrium is much nearer the moon, and that a projectile from the moon will not be so much retarded as one from the earth, both on account of the moon's rarer atmosphere, and its less attractive force. On this subject, see Mr. Haward's valuable paper in the Philosophical Transactions for 1802, and Dr. Hutton's dissertation in the new abridgment, part xxi. It is highly probable that the ancile, or sacred shield, that fell from heaven in the reign of Numa Pompilius, was a stone of this sort. The description of its fall, as given by Ovid, Fast. lib. iii., bears a striking resemblance to recent accounts of stones falling from the atmosphere, particularly in the luminous appearance and hissing noise with which it was accompanied.
Dum loquitur, totum jam sol emerserat orbem, Et gravis aethereo venit ab axe fragor.
Ter tonuit sine nube Deus, tria fulgura misit: Credite dicenti; mira, sed acta, loquor.
A media coelum regione dehiscere coepit: Summisere oculos cum duce turba suos.
Ecce levi scutum versatum leniter aura Decidit, a pupulo clamour ad astra venit.
Tolit humo munus - Idque ancile vocat, quod ab omni parte recisum est. It is very possible that the Palladium of Troy, and the Image of the Ephesian Diana, were stones which really fell from the atmosphere, bearing some rude resemblance to the human form. See the IMPERIAL ENCYCLOPEDIA, article Aerolith. I believe it is generally agreed among philosophers, 1. That all these aerial stones, chemically analyzed, show the same properties; 2. That no stone found on our earth possesses exactly the same properties, nor in the same proportions. This is an extraordinary circumstance, and deserves particular notice.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 11. And it came to pass, as they fled before Israel, [and] were in the going down to Bethhoron , etc.] The descent of it on that side towards Azekah, and which was also a very narrow passage, of which Josephus f176 makes mention. The Jews say f177 , that the going down of Bethhoron was the place where the army of Sennacherib fell: that the Lord cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died ; the Septuagint version calls them hailstones; and so they are called in the next clause; and that such sometimes have fallen as to kill men and cattle, is certain from the plague of hail in Egypt, ( Exodus 9:19,25); and some in very late times have been known to fall, which were from eight, nine, and twelve inches about, some bigger than the eggs of turkeys, and some half a pound weight, (see Gill on “ Revelation 16:21”); but these seem to be proper stones, such as did not melt away as hailstones do; though so called, because they fell from heaven, as they do, but remained, and still remain, according to the notion the Jews have of them; for they say whoever sees these great stones, in the going down to Bethhoron, is bound to bless; and frequent mention is made by historians of showers of stones being rained. Livy speaks of such a shower when King Tullus conquered the Sabines; and of another f181 , when Scipio succeeded at Carthage; and Pomponius Mela relates, that when Hercules fought with the sons of Neptune, and darts failed him, he obtained of Jupiter to rains shower of stones, which lay spread in great abundance; and some think it refers to this fact in Joshua’s time, who is supposed to be the same with the Tyrian Hercules f184 , from hence also called Saxanus f185 ; and in memory of this there are stony camps in various places, called by his name f186 : [they were] more which died with hailstones than [they] whom the children of Israel slew with the sword ; but what was the number of each of them is not said; it was doubtless very great, since there was an utter destruction and consumption of them, ( Joshua 10:20).
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 7-14 - The meanest and most feeble, who have just begun to trust the Lord, ar as much entitled to be protected as those who have long and faithfull been his servants. It is our duty to defend the afflicted, who, lik the Gibeonites, are brought into trouble on our account, or for the sake of the gospel. Joshua would not forsake his new vassals. How muc less shall our true Joshua fail those who trust in Him! We may be wanting in our trust, but our trust never can want success. Yet God' promises are not to slacken and do away, but to quicken and encourag our endeavours. Notice the great faith of Joshua, and the power of God answering it by the miraculous staying of the sun, that the day of Israel's victories might be made longer. Joshua acted on this occasio by impulse on his mind from the Spirit of God. It was not necessar that Joshua should speak, or the miracle be recorded, according to the modern terms of astronomy. The sun appeared to the Israelites ove Gibeon, and the moon over the valley of Ajalon, and there they appeare to be stopped on their course for one whole day. Is any thing too har for the Lord? forms a sufficient answer to ten thousand difficulties which objectors have in every age started against the truth of God a revealed in his written word. Proclamation was hereby made to the neighbouring nations, Behold the works of the Lord, and say, What nation is there so great as Israel, who has God so nigh unto them?
Original Hebrew ויהי 1961 בנסם 5127 מפני 6440 ישׂראל 3478 הם 1992 במורד 4174 בית חורן 1032 ויהוה 3068 השׁליך 7993 עליהם 5921 אבנים 68 גדלות 1419 מן 4480 השׁמים 8064 עד 5704 עזקה 5825 וימתו 4191 רבים 7227 אשׁר 834 מתו 4191 באבני 68 הברד 1259 מאשׁר 834 הרגו 2026 בני 1121 ישׂראל 3478 בחרב׃ 2719