SEV Biblia, Chapter 10:10 Y el SEÑOR los turbó delante de Israel, y los hirió con gran mortandad en Gabaón; y los siguió por el camino que sube a Bet-horón, y los hirió hasta Azeca y Maceda.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Joshua 10:10 Verse 10. Slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon] Multitudes of them fell in the onset; after which they fled, and the Israelites pursued them by the way of Beth-horon. There were two cities of this name, the upper and lower, both in the tribe of Ephraim, and built by Sherah, the daughter of Ephraim, 1 Chron. vii. 24. The situation of these two cities is not exactly known.
To Azekah, and unto Makkedah.] These two cities were in the tribe of Judah, chap. xv. 35-41.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 10. And the Lord discomfited them before Israel , etc.] Disturbed, troubled, and frightened them, at the appearance and presence of the people of Israel; they were thrown into terror and confusion upon their approach, being so sudden and unexpected: and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon ; by the Israelites, who came upon them suddenly: and chased them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron ; there were two places of this name, the upper and the nether, both built by Sherah, the daughter or granddaughter of Ephraim, ( 1 Chronicles 7:24); therefore here so called by anticipation. It was about an hundred furlongs, or twelve miles and a half, according to Josephus f172 , from Jerusalem, which agrees with Eusebius and Jerom; and from Gibeon thither, it was fifty furlongs, or six miles and a quarter; so far the kings were pursued by Joshua and his army, at least unto the ascent of it; for being built on a hill, it had an ascent on one side, and a descent on the other, after mentioned, and both were very narrow passages; of the former it is said in the Talmud f173 , that if two camels go up the ascent to Bethhoron, they both fall; upon which the gloss says, it is a narrow place, and there is no way to turn to the right hand, or the left: and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah ; the former of which is placed by Jerom between Eleutheropolis and Jerusalem, and was a village in his days, and the other eight miles from Eleutheropolis, and both in the tribe of Judah, (see Joshua 15:35,41); according to Bunting f175 , they were both eight miles from Jerusalem towards the west.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 7-14 - The meanest and most feeble, who have just begun to trust the Lord, ar as much entitled to be protected as those who have long and faithfull been his servants. It is our duty to defend the afflicted, who, lik the Gibeonites, are brought into trouble on our account, or for the sake of the gospel. Joshua would not forsake his new vassals. How muc less shall our true Joshua fail those who trust in Him! We may be wanting in our trust, but our trust never can want success. Yet God' promises are not to slacken and do away, but to quicken and encourag our endeavours. Notice the great faith of Joshua, and the power of God answering it by the miraculous staying of the sun, that the day of Israel's victories might be made longer. Joshua acted on this occasio by impulse on his mind from the Spirit of God. It was not necessar that Joshua should speak, or the miracle be recorded, according to the modern terms of astronomy. The sun appeared to the Israelites ove Gibeon, and the moon over the valley of Ajalon, and there they appeare to be stopped on their course for one whole day. Is any thing too har for the Lord? forms a sufficient answer to ten thousand difficulties which objectors have in every age started against the truth of God a revealed in his written word. Proclamation was hereby made to the neighbouring nations, Behold the works of the Lord, and say, What nation is there so great as Israel, who has God so nigh unto them?
Original Hebrew ויהמם 2000 יהוה 3068 לפני 6440 ישׂראל 3478 ויכם 5221 מכה 4347 גדולה 1419 בגבעון 1391 וירדפם 7291 דרך 1870 מעלה 4609 בית חורן 1032 ויכם 5221 עד 5704 עזקה 5825 ועד 5704 מקדה׃ 4719