SEV Biblia, Chapter 10:3 Envió pues a decir Adonisedec rey de Jerusalén, a Hoham rey de Hebrón, y a Piream rey de Jarmut, y a Jafía rey de Laquis, y a Debir rey de Eglón:
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Joshua 10:3 Verse 3. Hoham king of Hebron] This city was situated in the mountains, southward of Jerusalem, from which it was about thirty miles distant. It fell to the tribe of Judah.
Piram king of Jarmuth] There were two cities of this name; one belonged to the tribe of Issachar, see chap. xxi. 29; that mentioned here fell to the tribe of Judah, see chap. xv. 35; it is supposed to have been about eighteen miles distant from Jerusalem.
Japhia king of Lachish] This city is celebrated in Scripture; in that city Amaziah was slain by conspirators, 2 Kings xiv. 19. It was besieged by Sennacherib, 2 Kings xviii. 14, 17; and without effect by the king of Assyria, as we learn from Isa. xxxvii. 8: it was also besieged by the army of Nebuchadnezzar, see Jer. xxxiv. 7; it also fell to the lot of Judah, chap. xv. 39.
Debir king of Eglon] Where this city was situated is very uncertain; but we learn from chap. xv. 39, that it fell to the lot of the tribe of Judah.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 3. Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron , etc.] Which, according to Jerom was twenty two miles from Jerusalem; it was an ancient city built seven years before Zoan in Egypt; (see Gill on “ Genesis 13:18”) and (see Gill on “ Numbers 13:22”): and unto Piram king of Jarmuth ; a city which fell to the lot of Judah, as did Hebron, ( Joshua 15:35,54); according to Jerom f163 , it was four miles distant from Eleutheropolis; according to Procopius fourteen, about the village Eshtaol, near to which Samson was buried, ( Judges 16:31); but Jerom speaks of a city called Jermus, in the tribe of Judah, which seems to be the same with this; and which he says in his day was a village, that went by the name of Jermucha, ten miles from Eleutheropolis, as you go to Aelia or Jerusalem; and as Eleutheropolis lay twenty miles from Jerusalem, this place must be ten miles from it, lying between them both: and unto Japhia king of Lachish ; which the above writer says was a city in the tribe of Judah, and in his time a village, seven miles from Eleutheropolis, as you go to Daroma, or the south; and, according to Bunting f167 , it lay between Eleutheropolis and Hebron, and was twenty miles from Jerusalem towards the southwest: and unto Debir king of Eglon ; which the Septuagint version calls Odollam or Adullam; and Jerom, following this version, makes Eglon the same with Adullam, when it is certain they were different places, and had distinct kings over them, ( Joshua 12:12,15); and which he says in his time was a very large village, twelve miles from Eleutheropolis to the east; and, according to Bunting it was twelve miles from Jerusalem southward. To these four kings the king of Jerusalem sent: saying ; as follows.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-6 - When sinners leave the service of Satan and the friendship of the world, that they make peace with God and join Israel, they must no marvel if the world hate them, if their former friends become foes. By such methods Satan discourages many who are convinced of their danger and almost persuaded to be Christians, but fear the cross. These thing should quicken us to apply to God for protection, help, an deliverance.
Original Hebrew וישׁלח 7971 אדני צדק 139 מלך 4428 ירושׁלם 3389 אל 413 הוהם 1944 מלך 4428 חברון 2275 ואל 413 פראם 6502 מלך 4428 ירמות 3412 ואל 413 יפיע 3309 מלך 4428 לכישׁ 3923 ואל 413 דביר 1688 מלך 4428 עגלון 5700 לאמר׃ 559