SEV Biblia, Chapter 10:36 Subió luego Josué, y todo Israel con él, de Eglón a Hebrón, y la combatieron;
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Joshua 10:36 Verse 36. - 37. Hebron-and the king thereof] See the note on ver. 3. From ver. 23 we learn that the king of Hebron was one of those five whom Joshua slew and hanged on five trees at Makkedah. How then can it be said that he slew the king of Hebron when he took the city, which was some days after the transactions at Makkedah? Either this slaying of the king of Hebron must refer to what had already been done, or the Hebronites, finding that their king fell in battle, had set up another in his place; which was the king Joshua slew, after he had taken the city and its dependencies, as is related ver. 37. It appears that the city of Hebron had fallen back into the hands of the Canaanites, for it was again taken from them by the tribe of Judah, Judg. i. 10. Debir had also fallen into their hands, for it was reconquered by Othniel, the son-in-law of Caleb, Judges i. 11-13. The manner in which Calmet accounts for this is very natural: Joshua, in his rapid conquests, contented himself with taking, demolishing, and burning those cities; but did not garrison any of them, for fear of weakening his army. In several instances no doubt the scattered Canaanites returned, repeopled, and put those cities in a state of defense.
Hence the Israelites were obliged to conquer them a second time. This is a more rational way of accounting for these things, than that which supposes that the first chapter of Judges gives the more detailed account of the transactions recorded here; for there it is expressly said, that these transactions took place after the death of Joshua, (see Judg. i. 1,) and consequently cannot be the same that are mentioned here.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 36. And Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, unto Hebron , etc.] Which lay in the hill country, and therefore they are said to go up to it from Eglon, which lay lower; and, according to Bunting f205 , it was sixteen miles from it: and they fought against it ; it making some resistance at first, and did not surrender at once, as demanded.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 28-43 - Joshua made speed in taking these cities. See what a great deal of wor may be done in a little time, if we will be diligent, and improve ou opportunities. God here showed his hatred of the idolatries and othe abominations of which the Canaanites had been guilty, and shows us ho great the provocation was, by the greatness of the destruction brough upon them. Here also was typified the destruction of all the enemies of the Lord Jesus, who, having slighted the riches of his grace, must for ever feel the weight of his wrath. The Lord fought for Israel. The could not have gotten the victory, if God had not undertaken the battle. We conquer when God fights for us; if he be for us, who can be against us __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ויעל 5927 יהושׁע 3091 וכל 3605 ישׂראל 3478 עמו 5973 מעגלונה 5700 חברונה 2275 וילחמו 3898 עליה׃ 5921