SEV Biblia, Chapter 22:16 Â¿Qué tienes tú aquí, o a quién tienes tú aquí, que labraste aquí sepulcro para ti, como el que en lugar alto labra su sepultura, o el que esculpe para sí morada en una peña?
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Isaiah 22:16 Verse 16. A sepulcher on high-in a rock] It has been observed before, on chap. 14., that persons of high rank in Judea, and in most parts of the east, were generally buried in large sepulchral vaults, hewn out in the rock for the use of themselves and their families. The vanity of Shebna is set forth by his being so studious and careful to have his sepulcher on high-in a lofty vault; and that probably in a high situation, that it might be more conspicuous. Hezekiah was buried, hl[ml lemalah, en anabasei, Sept.: in the chiefest, says our translation; rather, in the highest part of the sepulchres of the sons of David, to do him the more honour, 2 Chron. xxxii. 33. There are some monuments still remaining in Persia of great antiquity, called Naksi Rustam, which give one a clear idea of Shebna's pompous design for his sepulcher. They consist of several sepulchers, each of them hewn in a high rock near the top; the front of the rock to the valley below is adorned with carved work in relievo, being the outside of the sepulcher. Some of these sepulchers are about thirty feet in the perpendicular from the valley, which is itself perhaps raised above half as much by the accumulation of the earth since they were made. See the description of them in Chardin, Pietro della Valle, Thevenot, and Kempfer.
Diodourus Siculus, lib. 17., mentions these ancient monuments, and calls them the sepulchres of the kings of Persia. - L.
Matthew Henry Commentary
The siege and taking of Jerusalem. (Is. 22:1-7) The wicked conduct of its inhabitants. (Is. 22:8-14) The displacing of Shebna, and the promotion of Eliakim, applied to the Messiah. (Is. 22:15-25)
Is. 22:1-7 Why is Jerusalem in such terror? Her slain men are not slai with the sword, but with famine; or, slain with fear, disheartened Their rulers fled, but were overtaken. The servants of God, who forese and warn sinners of coming miseries, are affected by the prospect. But all the horrors of a city taken by storm, faintly shadow forth the terrors of the day of wrath.
Is. 22:8-14 The weakness of Judah now appeared more than ever. Now als they discovered their carnal confidence and their carnal security. The looked to the fortifications. They made sure of water for the city. But they were regardless of God in all these preparations. They did no care for his glory in what they did. They did not depend upon him for blessing on their endeavours. For every creature is to us what God makes it to be; and we must bless him for it, and use it for him. Ther was great contempt of God's wrath and justice, in contending with them God's design was to humble them, and bring them to repentance. The walked contrary to this. Actual disbelief of another life after this is at the bottom of the carnal security and brutish sensuality, whic are the sin, the shame, and ruin of so great a part of mankind. God wa displeased at this. It is a sin against the remedy, and it is no likely they should ever repent of it. Whether this unbelief works by presumption or despair, it produces the same contempt of God, and is token that a man will perish wilfully.
Is. 22:15-25 This message to Shebna is a reproof of his pride, vanity and security; what vanity is all earthly grandeur, which death will s soon end! What will it avail, whether we are laid in a magnificen tomb, or covered with the green sod? Those who, when in power, turn an toss others, will be justly turned and tossed themselves. Eliaki should be put into Shebna's place. Those called to places of trust an power, should seek to God for grace to enable them to do their duty Eliakim's advancement is described. Our Lord Jesus describes his ow power as Mediator, Rev. 3:7, that he has the key of David. His power in the kingdom of heaven, and in ordering all the affairs of that kingdom is absolute. Rulers should be fathers to those under their government and the honour men bring unto their families, by their piety an usefulness, is more to be valued than what they derive from them by their names and titles. The glory of this world gives a man no rea worth or excellence; it is but hung upon him, and it will soon dro from him. Eliakim was compared to a nail in a sure place; all his family are said to depend upon him. In eastern houses, rows of larg spikes were built up in the walls. Upon these the moveables an utensils were hung. Our Lord Jesus is as a nail in a sure place. Tha soul cannot perish, nor that concern fall to the ground, which is by faith hung upon Christ. He will set before the believer an open door which no man can shut, and bring both body and soul to eternal glory But those who neglect so great salvation will find, that when he shutteth none can open, whether it be shutting out from heaven, or shutting up in hell for ever __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew מה 4100 לך פה 6311 ומי 4310 לך פה 6311 כי 3588 חצבת 2672 לך פה 6311 קבר 6913 חצבי 2672 מרום 4791 קברו 6913 חקקי 2710 בסלע 5553 משׁכן׃ 4908