SEV Biblia, Chapter 18:22 Cuando el profeta hablare en nombre del SEÑOR, y no fuere la tal cosa, ni viniere, es palabra que el SEÑOR no ha hablado; con soberbia la habló el tal profeta; no tengas temor de él.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Deuteronomy 18:22 Verse 22. If the thing follow not] It is worthy of remark that the prophets in general predicted those things which were shortly to come to pass, that the people might have the fullest proof of their Divine mission, and of the existence of God's providence in the administration of the affairs of men.
THE promise contained in the 15th and 18 verses of this chapter has long been considered of the first importance in the controversies between the Christians and Jews. "Christ," says Ainsworth, "was to be a man, and of the stock of the Jews, by promise, because the people could not endure to hear the voice of GOD, ver. 16. And as in respect of his prophecy, so of the priesthood: for every high priest is taken from among men, Heb. v. 1; and also of his kingdom, as in chap. xvii. 15: From among thy brethren shalt thou set a king over thee like unto me.
"1. Christ alone was like unto Moses as a PROPHET; for it is written, There arose not a prophet in Israel like unto Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face, in all the signs and wonders which the Lord sent him to do, chap. xxxiv. 10, 11, 12. This therefore cannot be understood of the ordinary prophets which were raised up in Israel, but of Christ only, as the apostles expound it Acts ii. 22-26. 2. Christ was like unto Moses in respect to his office of mediation between God and his people, chap. v. 5; 1 Tim. ii. 5; but greater than Moses as being the mediator of a better covenant, (or testament,) which was established upon better promises, Heb. viii. 6. 3. Christ was like unto Moses in excellency; for as Moses excelled all the prophets in speaking to God mouth to mouth, Num. xii. 6, 7,8, so Christ excelled him and all men in that being in the bosom of the Father, he hath come down from heaven and declared God unto us, John i. 18; iii. 13. 4. Christ was like to Moses in faithfulness, but therein also excelling; for Moses was faithful in God's house as a servant, but Christ as the son over his own house, Heb. iii. 2, 5, 6. 5. Christ was like to Moses in signs and wonders, wherein he also excelled Moses, as the history of the Gospel shows; for he was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, Luke xxiv. 19. A man approved of God among them, by miracles, signs, and wonders, which God did by him in the midst of them, Acts ii. 22. For he did among them the works which no other man did, John xv. 24. Unto him, that is, not unto the diviners, wizards, or any such like, but unto him, and him only; as Him thou shalt serve, chap. vi. 13, is expounded, Him only, Matt. iv. 10. And though this is principally meant of Christ in person, of whom God said, Hear him, Matt. xvii. 5; yet it implies also his ministers, as himself said, He that heareth you heareth me, Luke x. 16." To these may be added, 6.
As Moses was king among his people, in this respect Christ is like to him, but infinitely greater; for he is King of kings and Lord of lords, Rev. xix. 16; 1 Tim. vi. 15. And, 7. He was like to Moses as a legislator.
Moses gave laws to Israel by the authority and commandment of God, which the Jews have ever acknowledged as coming from the immediate inspiration of the Almighty: these are contained in the Pentateuch. Christ gave a new law, the Gospel contained in the four Evangelists and Acts of the Apostles, on which the Christian Church is founded, and by which all genuine Christians are governed both in heart and life. To all which may be added, 8. That God never commissioned any human beings to give laws to mankind but Moses and Christ; and therefore, as a lawgiver, Christ alone resembles Moses; for to the present hour none but themselves have given laws in the name of God, which he has ratified and confirmed by the most indubitable and infallible signs, proofs, and miracles.
Dr. Jortin, in his Remarks on Ecclesiastical History, has drawn a parallel between Moses and Christ in a great number of particulars, which he concludes thus: "Let us search all the records of universal history, and see if we can find a man who was so like to Moses as Christ was, and so like to Christ as Moses was. If we cannot find such a one, then have we found HIM of whom Moses in the law and the prophets did write to be Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of God." On this subject see Ainsworth, Calmet, and Dodd, who have all marked this striking correspondence between Moses and Christ.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 22. When a prophet speaketh in the name of the Lord , etc.] Says he comes from God, is sent by him, and has a commission from him to say so: if the thing follow not, nor come to pass ; as the prophecy of Hananiah, ( Jeremiah 28:3) that is the thing which the Lord hath not spoken; or otherwise it would have come to pass, unless when a condition is either expressed or implied, as the repentance or disobedience of a people; (see Jeremiah 18:7-10) but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously ; in a bold and daring manner, with great impiety and impudence, out of his own head and heart, being a mere device and imagination of his own, which, not having the fear of God, he delivered as coming from the Lord: thou shall not be afraid of him ; not only to reprove him for his wickedness, but also to punish him for it; showing no regard to the high character he assumes, nor to the great pretensions he makes to sanctity, knowledge, and familiarity with God.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 15-22 - It is here promised concerning Christ, that there should come Prophet, great above all the prophets; by whom God would make know himself and his will to the children of men, more fully and clearl than he had ever done before. He is the Light of the world, Joh 8:12 He is the World by whom God speaks to us, Joh 1:1; Heb 1:2. In his birth he should be one of their nation. In his resurrection he shoul be raised up at Jerusalem, and from thence his doctrine should go fort to all the world. Thus God, having raised up his Son Christ Jesus, sen him to bless us. He should be like unto Moses, only above him. Thi prophet is come, even JESUS; and is "He that should come," and we ar to look for no other. The view of God which he gives, will not terrif or overwhelm, but encourages us. He speaks with fatherly affection an Divine authority united. Whoever refuses to listen to Jesus Christ shall find it is at his peril; the same that is the Prophet is to be his Judge, Joh 12:48. Woe then to those who refuse to hearken to Hi voice, to accept His salvation, or yield obedience to His sway! But happy they who trust in Him, and obey Him. He will lead them in the paths of safety and peace, until He brings them to the land of perfec light, purity, and happiness. Here is a caution against false prophets It highly concerns us to have a right touchstone wherewith to try the word we hear, that we may know what that word is which the Lord has no spoken. Whatever is against the plain sense of the written word, of which gives countenance or encouragement to sin, we may be sure is no that which the Lord has spoken __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew אשׁר 834 ידבר 1696 הנביא 5030 בשׁם 8034 יהוה 3068 ולא 3808 יהיה 1961 הדבר 1697 ולא 3808 יבא 935 הוא 1931 הדבר 1697 אשׁר 834 לא 3808 דברו 1696 יהוה 3068 בזדון 2087 דברו 1696 הנביא 5030 לא 3808 תגור 1481 ממנו׃ 4480