SEV Biblia, Chapter 31:12 Harás congregar el pueblo, varones y mujeres y niños, y tus extranjeros que estuvieren en tus ciudades, para que oigan y aprendan, y teman al SEÑOR vuestro Dios, y guardan de cumplir todas las palabras de esta ley.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 12. Gather the people together, men, and women, and children , etc.] At the three grand festivals in other years, only males were obliged to appear; women might if they would, but they were not bound to it; but at this time all of every age and sex were to be summoned and assembled together; and it is said f561 , when the king read in the book of the law, all the people were obliged to come and bring their families, as it is said ( Deuteronomy 31:12); “gather the people”, etc. and as it could not be done when it happened on the sabbath day, the reading of the section was put off to the day following: and thy stranger that [is] within thy gates ; not only the proselyte of righteousness, but the proselyte of the gate that renounced idolatry, for his further conviction and thorough conversion to the religion of the true God; or, as the Targum of Jonathan expresses it, that they might see the honour and glory of the law. The end is more fully expressed as follows, that they may hear ; all the laws which God had given: and that they may learn ; and attain unto the true knowledge and right understanding of them: and fear the Lord your God ; serve and worship him internally and externally, according to these laws: and observe to do all the words of this law ; so take notice of them as to put them in practice; and reading them in such a solemn and reverent manner made them the more servable, and raised the greater attention to them, to the importance of them; otherwise they were read in their families, and on sabbath days in their synagogues; (see Deuteronomy 6:7) ( Acts 13:15 15:21).
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 9-13 - Though we read the word in private, we must not think it needless to hear it read in public. This solemn reading of the law must be done in the year of release. The year of release was typical of gospel grace which is called the acceptable year of the Lord; for our pardon an liberty by Christ, engage us to keep his commandments. It must be rea to all Israel, men, women, children, and to the strangers. It is the will of God that all people should acquaint themselves with his word It is a rule to all, therefore should be read to all. Whoever has rea of the pains taken by many persons to get scraps of the Scriptures when a whole copy could not be obtained, or safely possessed, will se how thankful we should be for the thousands of copies amongst us. The will also understand the very different situation in which the Israelites were placed for many ages. But the heart of man is s careless, that all will be found too little, to keep up a knowledge of the truths, precepts, and worship of God.
Original Hebrew הקהל 6950 את 853 העם 5971 האנשׁים 376 והנשׁים 802 והטף 2945 וגרך 1616 אשׁר 834 בשׁעריך 8179 למען 4616 ישׁמעו 8085 ולמען 4616 ילמדו 3925 ויראו 3372 את 853 יהוה 3068 אלהיכם 430 ושׁמרו 8104 לעשׂות 6213 את 853 כל 3605 דברי 1697 התורה 8451 הזאת׃ 2063