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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Luke 4:18


    CHAPTERS: Luke 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24     

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    King James Bible - Luke 4:18

    The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

    World English Bible

    "The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim release to the captives, recovering of sight to the blind, to deliver those who are crushed,

    Douay-Rheims - Luke 4:18

    The Spirit of the Lord is upon me. Wherefore he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor, he hath sent me to heal the contrite of
    heart,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    The spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

    Greek Textus Receptus


    πνευμα
    4151 N-NSN κυριου 2962 N-GSM επ 1909 PREP εμε 1691 P-1AS ου 3739 R-GSN ενεκεν 1752 ADV εχρισεν 5548 5656 V-AAI-3S με 3165 P-1AS ευαγγελιζεσθαι 2097 5733 V-PMN πτωχοις 4434 A-DPM απεσταλκεν 649 5758 V-RAI-3S με 3165 P-1AS ιασασθαι 2390 5664 V-ADN τους 3588 T-APM συντετριμμενους 4937 5772 V-RPP-APM την 3588 T-ASF καρδιαν 2588 N-ASF κηρυξαι 2784 5658 V-AAN αιχμαλωτοις 164 N-DPM αφεσιν 859 N-ASF και 2532 CONJ τυφλοις 5185 A-DPM αναβλεψιν 309 N-ASF αποστειλαι 649 5658 V-AAN τεθραυσμενους 2352 5772 V-RPP-APM εν 1722 PREP αφεσει 859 N-DSF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (18) -
    Ps 45:7 Isa 11:2-5; 42:1-4; 50:4; 59:21

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:18

    El Espíritu del Seor es sobre mí, por cuanto me ha ungido para predicar el evangelio a los pobres; me ha enviado para sanar a los quebrantados de corazn; para pregonar a los cautivos libertad, y a los ciegos vista; para poner en libertad a los quebrantados;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Luke 4:18

    Verse 18. The Spirit of the
    Lord] This is found in Isa. lxi. 1; but our Lord immediately adds to it Isa. xlii. 7. The proclaiming of liberty to the captives, and the acceptable year (or year of acceptance) of the Lord, is a manifest allusion to the proclaiming of the year of jubilee by sound of trumpet: see Lev. xxv. 9, &c., and the notes there. This was a year of general release of debts and obligations; of bond-men and women; of lands and possessions, which had been sold from the families and tribes to which they belonged. Our saviour, by applying this text to himself, a text so manifestly relating to the institution above mentioned, plainly declares the typical design of that institution.- LOWTH.

    He hath anointed me] I have been designed and set apart for this very purpose; my sole business among men is to proclaim glad tidings to the poor, &c. All the functions of this new prophet are exercised on the hearts of men; and the grace by which he works in the heart is a grace of healing, deliverance, and illumination; which, by an admirable virtue, causes them to pass from sickness to health, from slavery to liberty, from darkness to light, and from the lowest degrees of misery to supreme eternal happiness. See Quesnel. To those who feel their spiritual poverty, whose hearts are broken through a sense of their sins, who see themselves tied and bound with the chains of many evil habits, who sit in the darkness of guilt and misery, without a friendly hand to lead them in the way in which they should go-to these, the Gospel of the grace of Christ is a pleasing sound, because a present and full salvation is proclaimed by it; and the present is shown to be the acceptable year of the Lord; the year, the time, in which he saves to the uttermost all who come unto him in the name of his Son Jesus. Reader! what dost thou feel? Sin-wretchedness-misery of every description? Then come to Jesus-He will save THEE-he came into the world for this very purpose. Cast thy soul upon him, and thou shalt not perish, but have everlasting life.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 18. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me , etc.] By whom is meant, the third person in the Trinity; so called, to distinguish him from all other spirits; and who was given to Christ as man, without measure, whereby he was qualified for his great work: and intends the Spirit of Jehovah, with all his gifts and graces, who was, and abode on Christ, as a Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, of counsel and of might, of knowledge, and of the fear of the Lord; he was upon him, and in him, the first moment of his conception, which was by his power; and he visibly descended on him at his baptism; and the phrase denotes the permanency and continuance of him with him: because he hath anointed me ; or that he might anoint me: the Ethiopic version renders it, by whom he hath anointed me; for it was with the Holy Ghost he was anointed, as to be king and priest, so likewise to be a prophet: hence he has the name Messiah, which signifies anointed: and this unction he had, in order to preach the Gospel to the poor : in Isaiah it is, to the meek; which design the same persons, and mean such as are poor in spirit, and are sensible of their spiritual poverty; have low and humble thoughts of themselves, and of their own righteousness; and seek to Christ for durable riches and true righteousness, and frankly acknowledge that all they have and are, is owing to the grace of God: and generally speaking, these are the poor of this world, and poor in their intellectuals, who have but a small degree of natural wisdom and knowledge: to these the Gospel, or glad tidings of the love, grace, and mercy of God in Christ, of peace, pardon, righteousness, life and salvation by Christ, were preached by him; and that in so clear a manner, and with such power and authority, as never was before, or since; and for this purpose was he anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows: he hath sent me to heal the broken hearted ; whose hearts are broken, and made contrite by the word of God, under the influence of the Spirit of God, and with a sense of sin; and are wounded with it, and are humbled for it; and are in great pain and distress, and even inconsolable, and ready to faint and die; for a wounded spirit who can bear? now Christ was sent to heal such persons by his own stripes, by binding up their wounds, by the application of his blood to them, which is a sovereign balm for every wound; by the discoveries of pardoning grace to their souls, and by opening and applying the comfortable promises of the Gospel, by his Spirit, to them: to preach deliverance to the captives ; who are captives to sin, Satan, and the law; from which, there is only deliverance by him; who saves his people from their sins, redeems them from the law, and leads captivity captive; and which liberty and deliverance are preached and published in the Gospel, and by Christ the author of them: and recovering of sight to the blind ; which in the prophet is, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; and which the Septuagint render, as here in Luke, and the Chaldee paraphrase in part agrees with it, interpreting it thus, to the prisoners, rwhnl wlgta , be ye revealed to the light now because persons in prison are in darkness, and see no light, therefore they are represented as blind; and both are the case of sinners, they are in the prison of sin and of the law, and are blind, ignorant, and insensible of their state; until Christ both opens the prison, and sets them free, and opens their eyes, and gives them spiritual sight; when he says to the prisoners go forth, to them that are in darkness show yourselves, ( Isaiah 49:9) To set at liberty them that are bruised : these words are not in ( Isaiah 61:1) but in the Septuagint version of ( Isaiah 58:6) from whence they seem to be taken, or else from ( Isaiah 42:7) it being allowable for a reader in the prophets, to skip from place to place, which our Lord here did, in order to explain this passage more fully.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 14-30 -
    Christ taught in their synagogues, their places of public worship where they met to read, expound, and apply the word, to pray an praise. All the gifts and graces of the Spirit were upon him and of him, without measure. By Christ, sinners may be loosed from the bond of guilt, and by his Spirit and grace from the bondage of corruption He came by the word of his gospel, to bring light to those that sat in the dark, and by the power of his grace, to give sight to those tha were blind. And he preached the acceptable year of the Lord. Le sinners attend to the Saviour's invitation when liberty is thu proclaimed. Christ's name was Wonderful; in nothing was he more so tha in the word of his grace, and the power that went along with it. We ma well wonder that he should speak such words of grace to such graceles wretches as mankind. Some prejudice often furnishes an objectio against the humbling doctrine of the cross; and while it is the word of God that stirs up men's enmity, they will blame the conduct or manne of the speaker. The doctrine of God's sovereignty, his right to do his will, provokes proud men. They will not seek his favour in his own way and are angry when others have the favours they neglect. Still is Jesu rejected by multitudes who hear the same message from his words. Whil they crucify him afresh by their sins, may we honour him as the Son of God, the Saviour of men, and seek to show we do so by our obedience.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    πνευμα
    4151 N-NSN κυριου 2962 N-GSM επ 1909 PREP εμε 1691 P-1AS ου 3739 R-GSN ενεκεν 1752 ADV εχρισεν 5548 5656 V-AAI-3S με 3165 P-1AS ευαγγελιζεσθαι 2097 5733 V-PMN πτωχοις 4434 A-DPM απεσταλκεν 649 5758 V-RAI-3S με 3165 P-1AS ιασασθαι 2390 5664 V-ADN τους 3588 T-APM συντετριμμενους 4937 5772 V-RPP-APM την 3588 T-ASF καρδιαν 2588 N-ASF κηρυξαι 2784 5658 V-AAN αιχμαλωτοις 164 N-DPM αφεσιν 859 N-ASF και 2532 CONJ τυφλοις 5185 A-DPM αναβλεψιν 309 N-ASF αποστειλαι 649 5658 V-AAN τεθραυσμενους 2352 5772 V-RPP-APM εν 1722 PREP αφεσει 859 N-DSF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    18.
    Anointed. See on Christ, Matt. i. 1.

    To preach good tidings. See on Gospel, Superscription of Matthew.

    To the poor (ptwcoiv). See on Matt. v. 3.

    To heal the broken hearted. The best texts omit. So Rev.

    To preach (khruxai). Better as Rev., proclaim, as a herald. See on 2 Peter ii. 5.

    To the captives (aicmalwtoiv). From aijcmh, a spear point, and aJliskomai, to be taken or conquered. Hence, properly, of prisoners of war. Compare Isa. xlii. 7: "To bring out captives from the prison, and those who sit in darkness from the house of restraint." The allusion is to Israel, both as captive exiles and as prisoners of Satan in spiritual bondage. Wyc. has caytifs, which formerly signified captives.

    To set at liberty (aposteilai). Lit., to send away in discharge. Inserted from the Sept. of Isa. lviii. 6. See on chapter iii. 3, and Jas. v. 15. Them that are bruised (teqrausmenouv). Lit., broken in pieces. Only here in New Testament. Wyc., to deliver broken men into remission. The same Hebrew word is used in Isa. xlii. 3. "a crushed seed shall he not break," which the Septuagint translates by teqlasmenon, a word which does not occur in the New Testament. In the citation of this latter passage (Matt. xii. 20, on which see) the word for bruised is suntribw, which the Septuagint uses for break.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:18 {Anointed me} (ecrisen me). First aorist active indicative of the verb criw from which {Christ} (cristos) is derived, the Anointed One. Isaiah is picturing the Jubilee year and the release of captives and the return from the Babylonian exile with the hope of the Messiah through it all. Jesus here applies this Messianic language to himself. "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me" as was shown at the baptism (#Lu 3:21) where he was also "anointed" for his mission by the Father's voice (#3:22). {To the poor} (ptwcois). Jesus singles this out also as one of the items to tell John the Baptist in prison (#Lu 7:22). Our word _Gospel_ is a translation of the Greek euaggelion, and it is for the poor. {He hath sent me} (apestalken me). Change of tense to perfect active indicative. He is now on that mission here. Jesus is God's _Apostle_ to men (#Joh 17:3, Whom thou didst send). {Proclaim} (keruxai). As a herald like Noah (#2Pe 2:5). {To the captives} (aicmalwtois). Prisoners of war will be released (aicme, a spear point, and halwtos, from haliskomai, to be captured). Captured by the spear point. Common word, but here only in the N.T. {Set at liberty} (aposteilai). First aorist active infinitive of apostellw. Same verb as apestalken, above. Brought in here from #Isa 58:6. Plummer suggests that Luke inserts it here from memory. But Jesus could easily have turned back the roll and read it so. {Them that are bruised} (teqrausmenous). Perfect passive participle of qrauw, an old verb, but here only in the N.T. It means to break in pieces broken in heart and often in body as well. One loves to think that Jesus felt it to be his mission to mend broken hearts like pieces of broken earthenware, real rescue-mission work. Jesus mends them and sets them free from their limitations.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44

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