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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Luke 4:38


    CHAPTERS: Luke 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24     

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    King James Bible - Luke 4:38

    And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her.

    World English Bible

    He rose up from the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. Simon's mother-in-law was afflicted with a great fever, and they begged him for her.

    Douay-Rheims - Luke 4:38

    And Jesus rising up out of the synagogue, went into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever, and they besought him for her.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And the mother of Simon's wife was taken with a violent fever; and they besought him for her.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    αναστας
    450 5631 V-2AAP-NSM δε 1161 CONJ εκ 1537 PREP της 3588 T-GSF συναγωγης 4864 N-GSF εισηλθεν 1525 5627 V-2AAI-3S εις 1519 PREP την 3588 T-ASF οικιαν 3614 N-ASF σιμωνος 4613 N-GSM η 3588 T-NSF πενθερα 3994 N-NSF δε 1161 CONJ του 3588 T-GSM σιμωνος 4613 N-GSM ην 2258 5713 V-IXI-3S συνεχομενη 4912 5746 V-PPP-NSF πυρετω 4446 N-DSM μεγαλω 3173 A-DSM και 2532 CONJ ηρωτησαν 2065 5656 V-AAI-3P αυτον 846 P-ASM περι 4012 PREP αυτης 846 P-GSF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (38) -
    Mt 8:14,15 Mr 1:29-31 1Co 9:5

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:38

    Y levantndose de la sinagoga, entr en casa de Simn; y la suegra de Simn estaba con una gran fiebre; y le rogaron por ella.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Luke 4:38

    Verse 38.
    Simon's wife's mother] See on Matt. viii. 14-17. As soon as Peter began to follow Christ, his family began to benefit by it. It is always profitable to contract an acquaintance with good men. One person full of faith and prayer may be the means of drawing down innumerable blessings on his family and acquaintance. Every person who knows the virtue and authority of Christ should earnestly seek his grace in behalf of all the spiritually diseased in his household; nor can he seek the aid of Christ in vain.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 38. And he arose out of the
    synagogue , etc.] That is, when he had dispossessed the unclean spirit, he rose up, and went out of the synagogue: and entered into Simon's house ; the house of Simon Peter, and which was also Andrew's; and in Beza's ancient copy, and in one of Stephens's, it is added, and of Andrew; who, though they were both natives of Bethsaida, yet, it seems, had an house at Capernaum, whither Christ went of his own accord, or by an invitation given him: and Simons wife's mother was taken with a great fever . The Vulgate Latin version reads, with great fevers. The fever is a disease, or rather a class of diseases, whose characteristic is a preternatural heat felt through the whole body, or, at least, the principal parts thereof, attended with other symptoms One defines a fever, a strenuous endeavour, or effort of nature to throw off some morbific matter, that greatly incommodes the body. Another, an augmented velocity of the blood; others, a fermentation of the blood; accompanied with a quick pulse and excessive heat. The causes of fevers are innumerable, and the disease even often arises in the soundest bodies, where there was no previous morbific apparatus, as cachochymia, plethora, etc. but merely from a change of air, food, or other alteration in the nonnaturals.

    A fever, one observes, is an inseparable companion of an inflammation. The symptoms are many: every fever, arising from any internal cause, is attended with a quick pulse, and unusual heat at different times, and in different degrees. Where these are intense, the fever is acute, where remiss, slow. The disease begins almost always with a sense of; chillness, and in its progress is chiefly distinguished by the velocity of the pulse: so that a too quick contraction of the heart, with an increased resistance, or impulse against the capillaries, furnishes the proper idea of a fever f240 .

    The fever Peter's wife's mother lay ill of, is said to be a great one; which circumstance is the rather mentioned, to illustrate the miraculous cure of it by Christ; (See Gill on Matthew 8:14). And they besought him for her ; either his disciples Peter, Andrew, James, and John, who were all present, or the other relations and friends of the sick person, which were in the house; who having heard of his casting out the unclean spirit in the synagogue, believed that he had power to heal this disease; and therefore intreat him, for her sake, and upon her account, that he would restore her health.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 31-44 - Christ's preaching much affected the people; and a working power wen with it to the consciences of men. These miracles showed Christ to be controller and conqueror of Satan, a healer of diseases. Where Chris gives a new life, in recovery from sickness, it should be a new life spent more than ever in his service, to his glory. Our business shoul be to spread abroad Christ's fame in every place, to beseech him in behalf of those diseased in body or mind, and to use our influence in bringing sinners to him, that his hands may be laid upon them for their healing. He cast the devils out of many who were possessed. We were no sent into this world to live to ourselves only, but to glorify God, an to do good in our generation. The people sought him, and came unto him A desert is no desert, if we are with Christ there. He will continu with us, by his word and Spirit, and extend the same blessings to othe nations, till, throughout the earth, the servants and worshippers of Satan are brought to acknowledge him as the Christ, the Son of God, an to find redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    αναστας
    450 5631 V-2AAP-NSM δε 1161 CONJ εκ 1537 PREP της 3588 T-GSF συναγωγης 4864 N-GSF εισηλθεν 1525 5627 V-2AAI-3S εις 1519 PREP την 3588 T-ASF οικιαν 3614 N-ASF σιμωνος 4613 N-GSM η 3588 T-NSF πενθερα 3994 N-NSF δε 1161 CONJ του 3588 T-GSM σιμωνος 4613 N-GSM ην 2258 5713 V-IXI-3S συνεχομενη 4912 5746 V-PPP-NSF πυρετω 4446 N-DSM μεγαλω 3173 A-DSM και 2532 CONJ ηρωτησαν 2065 5656 V-AAI-3P αυτον 846 P-ASM περι 4012 PREP αυτης 846 P-GSF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    38. Taken (sunecomenh). Rev., holden. So Wyc. See on
    Matt. iv. 24. The word is used nine times by Luke, and only three times elsewhere. Paul uses it of the constraining of Christ's love (2 Cor. v. 14), and of being in a strait (Philip. i. 23). In Acts xxviii. 8, it is joined with fever, as here, and is a common medical term in the same sense.

    A great fever (puretw megalw). Another mark of the physician. The epithet great is peculiar to Luke. The ancient physicians distinguished fevers into great and small.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:38 {He rose up} (anastas). Second aorist active participle of anistemi, a common verb. B. Weiss adds here "from the teacher's seat." Either from his seat or merely leaving the synagogue. this incident of the healing of Peter's mother-in-law is given in #Mr 1:29-34 and #Mt 8:14-17, which see for details. {Into the house of Simon} (eis ten oikian simwnos). "Peter's house" (#Mt 8:14). "The house of Simon and Andrew" (#Mr 1:29). Paul's reference to Peter's wife (#1Co 9:5) is pertinent. They lived together in Capernaum. this house came also to be the Capernaum home of Jesus. {Simon's wife's mother} (penqera tou simwnos). The word penqera for mother-in-law is old and well established in usage. Besides the parallel passages (#Mr 1:30; Mt 8:14; Lu 4:38) it occurs in the N.T. only in #Lu 12:53. The corresponding word penqeros, father-in-law, occurs in #Joh 18:13 alone in the N.T. {Was holden with a great fever} (en sunecomene puretwi megalwi). Periphrastic imperfect passive, the analytical tense accenting the continuous fever, perhaps chronic and certainly severe. Luke employs this verb nine times and only three others in the N.T. (#Mt 4:24 passive with diseases here; #2Co 5:14 active; #Php 1:23 passive). In #Ac 28:8 the passive "with dysentery" is like the construction here and is a common one in Greek medical writers as in Greek literature generally. Luke uses the passive with "fear," #Lu 8:37, the active for holding the hands over the ears (#Ac 7:57) and for pressing one or holding together (#Lu 8:45; 19:43; 22:63), the direct middle for holding oneself to preaching (#Ac 18:5). It is followed here by the instrumental case. Hobart (_Medical Language of Luke_, p. 3) quotes Galen as dividing fevers into "great" (megaloi) and "small" (smikroi).


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