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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Luke 4:1


    CHAPTERS: Luke 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44

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    King James Bible - Luke 4:1

    And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

    World English Bible

    Jesus,
    full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness

    Douay-Rheims - Luke 4:1

    AND Jesus being
    full of the Holy Ghost, returned from the Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the desert,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And Jesus being
    full of the Holy Spirit, returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ιησους
    2424 N-NSM δε 1161 CONJ πνευματος 4151 N-GSN αγιου 40 A-GSN πληρης 4134 A-NSM υπεστρεψεν 5290 5656 V-AAI-3S απο 575 PREP του 3588 T-GSM ιορδανου 2446 N-GSM και 2532 CONJ ηγετο 71 5712 V-IPI-3S εν 1722 PREP τω 3588 T-DSN πνευματι 4151 N-DSN εις 1519 PREP την 3588 T-ASF ερημον 2048 A-ASF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (1) -
    Mt 4:1 *etc:

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:1

    ¶ Y Jess, lleno del Espíritu Santo, volvi del Jordn, y fue agitado del Espíritu al desierto

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Luke 4:1

    Verse 1. Was
    led by the Spirit] Or, And was carried about, hgeto.

    Matthew says, avhcqh, he was brought up. Mark says, the Spirit driveth him ekballei-putteth him forth. But each of the evangelists attributes this to the Holy Ghost, not to Satan. It may be useful to remark here, that, during the forty days and forty nights in which he is said to have been tempted by the devil, he is carried about, continually sustained and supported, by the Holy Ghost. Let those who are tempted by Satan look for, and, in virtue of the power and intercession of Christ, claim, the same support; and it matters little how many days they may be assaulted by the devil, while they are carried about by the Spirit of God.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 1. And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost , etc.] The Spirit of God having descended on him at his baptism, and afresh anointed, and filled his human nature with his gifts, whereby, as man, he was abundantly furnished for the great work of the public ministry, he was just about to enter upon; yet must first go through a series of temptations, and which, through the fulness of the Holy Spirit in him, he was sufficiently fortified against. Returned from Jordan ; where he came, and had been with John, and was baptized by him; which, when over, he went back from the same side of Jordan, to which he came: and was led by the Spirit ; the same Spirit, or Holy Ghost he was full of; (see Gill on Matthew 4:1) into the wilderness ; of Judea, which lay near Jordan, and where John had been preaching and baptizing, namely, in the habitable: part of it: but this was that part, which was uninhabited by men, and was infested with wild beasts, and where Christ could neither have the comfort and benefit of human society, nor any thing for the sustenance of life, and where he was exposed to the utmost danger; and so in circumstances very opportune and favourable for Satan to ply him with his temptations, for which purpose he was led thither.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-13 -
    Christ's being led into the wilderness gave an advantage to the tempter; for there he was alone, none were with him by whose prayer and advice he might be helped in the hour of temptation. He who kne his own strength might give Satan advantage; but we may not, who know our own weakness. Being in all things made like unto his brethren Jesus would, like the other children of God, live in dependence upo the Divine Providence and promise. The word of God is our sword, an faith in that word is our shield. God has many ways of providing for his people, and therefore is at all times to be depended upon in the way of duty. All Satan's promises are deceitful; and if he is permitte to have any influence in disposing of the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them, he uses them as baits to insnare men to destruction. We should reject at once and with abhorrence, every opportunity of sinfu gain or advancement, as a price offered for our souls; we should see riches, honours, and happiness in the worship and service of God only Christ will not worship Satan; nor, when he has the kingdoms of the world delivered to him by his Father, will he suffer any remains of the worship of the devil to continue in them. Satan also tempted Jesus to be his own murderer, by unfitting confidence in his Father' protection, such as he had no warrant for. Let not any abuse of Scripture by Satan or by men abate our esteem, or cause us to abando its use; but let us study it still, seek to know it, and seek ou defence from it in all kinds of assaults. Let this word dwell richly i us, for it is our life. Our victorious Redeemer conquered, not for himself only, but for us also. The devil ended all the temptation Christ let him try all his force, and defeated him. Satan saw it was to no purpose to attack Christ, who had nothing in him for his fiery dart to fasten upon. And if we resist the devil, he will flee from us. Ye he departed but till the season when he was again to be let loose upo Jesus, not as a tempter, to draw him to sin, and so to strike at his head, at which he now aimed and was wholly defeated in; but as persecutor, to bring Christ to suffer, and so to bruise his heel, whic it was told him, he should have to do, and would do, though it would be the breaking of his own head, Ge 3:15. Though Satan depart for season, we shall never be out of his reach till removed from thi present evil world.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ιησους
    2424 N-NSM δε 1161 CONJ πνευματος 4151 N-GSN αγιου 40 A-GSN πληρης 4134 A-NSM υπεστρεψεν 5290 5656 V-AAI-3S απο 575 PREP του 3588 T-GSM ιορδανου 2446 N-GSM και 2532 CONJ ηγετο 71 5712 V-IPI-3S εν 1722 PREP τω 3588 T-DSN πνευματι 4151 N-DSN εις 1519 PREP την 3588 T-ASF ερημον 2048 A-ASF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    1. Was
    led. So Matthew. Mark says, "The Spirit driveth, (ekballei) or thrusteth him forth.

    By the Spirit (en tw pneumati). The American Revisers render in the spirit, indicating the sphere rather than the impulse of his action. Into the wilderness. The A.V. has followed the reading eijv, into. The proper reading is ejn, in. He was not only impelled into the wilderness, but guided in the wilderness by the Spirit.

    Forty days. This should be joined with the preceding words, indicating the duration of his stay in the wilderness, not of his temptation, as A.V., being forty days tempted. Read as Rev., in the wilderness during forty days. The devil. See on Matt. iv. 1.

    He did eat nothing. Mark does not mention the fast. Matthew uses the word nhsteusav, having fasted, which, throughout the New Testament, is used of abstinence for religious purposes; a ritual act accompanying seasons of prayer.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:1 {Full of the Holy Spirit} (pleres pneumatos hagiou). An evident allusion to the descent of the Holy Spirit on Jesus at his baptism (#Lu 3:21f.). The distinctness of the Persons in the Trinity is shown there, but with evident unity. One recalls also Luke's account of the overshadowing of Mary by the Holy Spirit (#1:35). #Mt 4:1 says that "Jesus was led of the Spirit" while #Mr 1:12 states that "the Spirit driveth him forth" which see for discussion. "Jesus had been endowed with supernatural power; and He was tempted to make use of it in furthering his own interests without regard to the Father's will" (Plummer). {Was led by the Spirit} (egeto en toi pneumati). Imperfect passive, continuously led. en may be the instrumental use as often, for #Mt 4:1 has here hupo of direct agency. But Matthew has the aorist passive anecqe which may be ingressive as he has eis ten eremon (into the wilderness) while Luke has en twi eremwi (in the wilderness). At any rate Luke affirms that Jesus was now continuously under the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Hence in this same sentence he mentions the Spirit twice. {During the forty days} (hemeras tesserakonta). Accusative of duration of time, to be connected with "led" not with "tempted." He was led in the Spirit during these forty days (cf. #De 8:2, forty years). The words are amphibolous also in #Mr 1:13. #Mt 4:2 seems to imply that the three recorded temptations came at the close of the fasting for forty days. That can be true and yet what Luke states be true also. These three may be merely specimens and so "representative of the struggle which continued throughout the whole period" (Plummer).


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44

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