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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Acts 13:48


    CHAPTERS: Acts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Acts 13:48

    And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.

    World English Bible

    As the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of God. As many as were appointed to eternal
    life believed.

    Douay-Rheims - Acts 13:48

    And the Gentiles
    hearing it, were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to life everlasting, believed.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal
    life, believed.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ακουοντα
    191 5723 V-PAP-NPN δε 1161 CONJ τα 3588 T-NPN εθνη 1484 N-NPN εχαιρον 5463 5707 V-IAI-3P και 2532 CONJ εδοξαζον 1392 5707 V-IAI-3P τον 3588 T-ASM λογον 3056 N-ASM του 3588 T-GSM κυριου 2962 N-GSM και 2532 CONJ επιστευσαν 4100 5656 V-AAI-3P οσοι 3745 K-NPM ησαν 2258 5713 V-IXI-3P τεταγμενοι 5021 5772 V-RPP-NPM εις 1519 PREP ζωην 2222 N-ASF αιωνιον 166 A-ASF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (48) -
    :42; 2:41; 8:8; 15:31 Lu 2:10-11 Ro 15:9-12

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 13:48

    Y los gentiles oyendo esto, se fueron gozosos, y glorificaban la palabra del Seor; y creyeron todos los que estaban ordenados para vida eterna.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Acts 13:48

    Verse 48. As many as were
    ordained to eternal life believed.] This text has been most pitifully misunderstood. Many suppose that it simply means that those in that assembly who were fore-ordained; or predestinated by God's decree, to eternal life, believed under the influence of that decree. Now, we should be careful to examine what a word means, before we attempt to fix its meaning. Whatever tetagmenoi may mean, which is the word we translate ordained, it is neither protetagmenoi nor proorismenoi which the apostle uses, but simply tetagmenoi, which includes no idea of pre-ordination or pre-destination of any kind. And if it even did, it would be rather hazardous to say that all those who believed at this time were such as actually persevered unto the end, and were saved unto eternal life. But, leaving all these precarious matters, what does the word tetagmenov mean? The verb tattw or tassw signifies to place, set, order, appoint, dispose; hence it has been considered here as implying the disposition or readiness of mind of several persons in the congregation, such as the religious proselytes mentioned ver. 43, who possessed the reverse of the disposition of those Jews who spake against those things, contradicting and blaspheming, ver. 45. Though the word in this place has been variously translated, yet, of all the meanings ever put on it, none agrees worse with its nature and known signification than that which represents it as intending those who were predestinated to eternal life: this is no meaning of the term, and should never be applied to it. Let us, without prejudice, consider the scope of the place: the Jews contradicted and blasphemed; the religious proselytes heard attentively, and received the word of life: the one party were utterly indisposed, through their own stubbornness, to receive the Gospel; the others, destitute of prejudice and prepossession, were glad to hear that, in the order of God, the Gentiles were included in the covenant of salvation through Christ Jesus; they, therefore, in this good state and order of mind, believed. Those who seek for the plain meaning of the word will find it here: those who wish to make out a sense, not from the Greek word, its use among the best Greek writers, and the obvious sense of the evangelist, but from their own creed, may continue to puzzle themselves and others; kindle their own fire, compass themselves with sparks, and walk in the light of their own fire, and of the sparks which they have kindled; and, in consequence, lie down in sorrow, having bidden adieu to the true meaning of a passage so very simple, taken in its connection, that one must wonder how it ever came to be misunderstood and misapplied. Those who wish to see more on this verse may consult Hammond, Whitby, Schoettgen, Rosenmuller, Pearce, Sir Norton Knatchbull, and Dodd.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 48. And when the Gentiles heard this , etc.] That it was the will of
    God, and the command of Christ, that the Gospel should be preached to them; by whom are to be understood the Pisidians, the inhabitants of Antioch, who had never been proselytes to the Jewish religion: they were glad ; not that the Jews were likely to have the Gospel taken away from them, and be utterly deprived of it, but that it was to be preached to them: and glorified the word of the Lord ; not the Lord Jesus Christ, the essential word of the Lord, whom they might not as yet have such a distinct knowledge of; but rather God himself, for his word, particularly his word of command, ( Acts 13:47) as the Syriac and Ethiopic versions read; or the sense is, they spake well of the Gospel, and gave glory to God, or the Lord, who had sent it among them: Bezas most ancient copy reads, they received the word of the Lord, which seems to be a more agreeable reading; to glorify the word of the Lord, is an unusual phrase: and as many as were ordained unto eternal life believed ; faith is not the cause, or condition of the decree of eternal life, but a means fixed in it, and is a fruit and effect of it, and what certainly follows upon it, as in these persons: some would have the words rendered, as many as were disposed unto eternal life believed; which is not countenanced by the ancient versions. The Arabic renders it as we do, and the Syriac thus, as many as were put, or appointed unto eternal life; and the Vulgate Latin version, as many as were pre-ordained. Moreover, the phrase of being disposed unto, or for eternal life, is a very unusual, if not a very improper, and an inaccurate one; men are said to be disposed to an habit, or to an act, as to vice or virtue, but not to reward or punishment, as to heaven or hell; nor does it appear that these Gentiles had any good dispositions to eternal life, antecedent to their believing; for though they are said, ( Acts 13:42) to entreat the apostles to preach the same things to them the next sabbath, yet the words as there observed, according to their natural order, may be rendered they, i.e. the apostles, besought the Gentiles; and in some copies and versions, the Gentiles are not mentioned at all: and as for their being glad, and glorifying the word of the Lord, it is not evident that this was before their believing; and if it was, such things have been found in persons, who have had no true, real, and inward dispositions to spiritual things, as in many of our Lords hearers; besides, admitting that there are, in some, good dispositions to eternal life, previous to faith, and that desiring eternal life, and seeking after it, be accounted such, yet these may be where faith does not follow; as in the young rich ruler, that came to Christ with such an inquiry, and went away sorrowful: as many therefore as are so disposed, do not always believe, faith does not always follow such dispositions; and after all, one would have thought that the Jews themselves, who were externally religious, and were looking for the Messiah, and especially the devout and able women, were more disposed unto eternal life, than the ignorant and idolatrous Gentiles; and yet the latter believed, and the former did not: it follows then, that their faith did not arise from previous dispositions to eternal life, but was the fruit and effect of divine ordination unto it; and the word here used, in various places in this book, signifies determination and appointment, and not disposition of mind; (see Acts 15:2 22:10 28:23) The phrase is the same with that used by the Jews, lw[ yyjl wnqtad , who are ordained to eternal life f696 ; and yyjl bytkd lk aml[ , everyone that is written to eternal life; i.e. in the book of life; and designs no other than predestination or election, which is Gods act, and is an eternal one; is sovereign, irrespective, and unconditional; relates to particular persons, and is sure and certain in its effect: it is an ordination, not to an office, nor to the means of grace, but to grace and glory itself; to a life of grace which is eternal, and to a life of glory which is for ever; and which is a pure gift of God, is in the hands of Christ, and to which his righteousness gives a title: and ordination to it shows it to be a blessing of an early date; and the great love of God to the persons ordained to it; and the certainty of enjoying it.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 42-52 - The
    Jews opposed the doctrine the apostles preached; and when the could find no objection, they blasphemed Christ and his gospel Commonly those who begin with contradicting, end with blaspheming. But when adversaries of Christ's cause are daring, its advocates should be the bolder. And while many judge themselves unworthy of eternal life others, who appear less likely, desire to hear more of the glad tiding of salvation. This is according to what was foretold in the Ol Testament. What light, what power, what a treasure does this gospe bring with it! How excellent are its truths, its precepts, it promises! Those came to Christ whom the Father drew, and to whom the Spirit made the gospel call effectual, Ro 8:30. As many as wer disposed to eternal life, as many as had concern about their eterna state, and aimed to make sure of eternal life, believed in Christ, i whom God has treasured up that life, and who is the only Way to it; an it was the grace of God that wrought it in them. It is good to se honourable women devout; the less they have to do in the world, the more they should do for their own souls, and the souls of others: but it is sad, when, under colour of devotion to God, they try to sho hatred to Christ. And the more we relish the comforts an encouragements we meet with in the power of godliness, and the fulle our hearts are of them, the better prepared we are to face difficultie in the profession of godliness __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ακουοντα
    191 5723 V-PAP-NPN δε 1161 CONJ τα 3588 T-NPN εθνη 1484 N-NPN εχαιρον 5463 5707 V-IAI-3P και 2532 CONJ εδοξαζον 1392 5707 V-IAI-3P τον 3588 T-ASM λογον 3056 N-ASM του 3588 T-GSM κυριου 2962 N-GSM και 2532 CONJ επιστευσαν 4100 5656 V-AAI-3P οσοι 3745 K-NPM ησαν 2258 5713 V-IXI-3P τεταγμενοι 5021 5772 V-RPP-NPM εις 1519 PREP ζωην 2222 N-ASF αιωνιον 166 A-ASF

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    13:48 {As the Gentiles heard this they were
    glad} (akouonta ta eqne ecairon). Present active participle of akouw and imperfect active of cairw, linear action descriptive of the joy of the Gentiles. {Glorified the word of God} (edoxazon ton logon tou qeou). Imperfect active again. The joy of the Gentiles increased the fury of the Jews. "The synagogue became a scene of excitement which must have been something like the original speaking with tongues" (Rackham). The joy of the Gentiles was to see how they could receive the higher blessing of Judaism without circumcision and other repellent features of Jewish ceremonialism. It was the gospel of grace and liberty from legalism that Paul had proclaimed. Whether #Ga 4:13 describes this incident or not (the South Galatian theory), it illustrates it when Gentiles received Paul as if he were Christ Jesus himself. It was triumph with the Gentiles, but defeat with the Jews. {As many as were ordained to eternal life} (hosoi esan tetagmenoi eis zwen aiwnion). Periphrastic past perfect passive indicative of tassw, a military term to place in orderly arrangement. The word "ordain" is not the best translation here. "Appointed," as Hackett shows, is better. The Jews here had voluntarily rejected the word of God. On the other side were those Gentiles who gladly accepted what the Jews had rejected, not all the Gentiles. Why these Gentiles here ranged themselves on God's side as opposed to the Jews Luke does not tell us. this verse does not solve the vexed problem of divine sovereignty and human free agency. There is no evidence that Luke had in mind an _absolutum decretum_ of personal salvation. Paul had shown that God's plan extended to and included Gentiles. Certainly the Spirit of God does move upon the human heart to which some respond, as here, while others push him away. {Believed} (episteusan). Summary or constative first aorist active indicative of pisteuw. The subject of this verb is the relative clause. By no manner of legerdemain can it be made to mean "those who believe were appointed." It was saving faith that was exercised only by those who were appointed unto eternal life, who were ranged on the side of eternal life, who were thus revealed as the subjects of God's grace by the stand that they took on this day for the Lord. It was a great day for the kingdom of God.


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