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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Acts 13:21


    CHAPTERS: Acts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Acts 13:21

    And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years.

    World English Bible

    Afterward they asked for a king, and God gave to them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years.

    Douay-Rheims - Acts 13:21

    And after that they desired a king: and God gave them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, forty years.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And afterward they desired a king: and God gave to them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the
    space of forty years.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    κακειθεν
    2547 ADV-C ητησαντο 154 5668 V-AMI-3P βασιλεα 935 N-ASM και 2532 CONJ εδωκεν 1325 5656 V-AAI-3S αυτοις 846 P-DPM ο 3588 T-NSM θεος 2316 N-NSM τον 3588 T-ASM σαουλ 4549 N-PRI υιον 5207 N-ASM κις 2797 N-PRI ανδρα 435 N-ASM εκ 1537 PREP φυλης 5443 N-GSF βενιαμιν 958 N-PRI ετη 2094 N-APN τεσσαρακοντα 5062 A-NUI

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (21) -
    1Sa 8:5-22; 12:12-19

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 13:21

    Y entonces demandaron rey; y Dios les dio a Sal, hijo de Cis, varn de la tribu de Benjamín, por cuarenta aos.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Acts 13:21

    Verse 21.
    Saul the son of Cis] In all proper names quoted from the Old Testament, we should undoubtedly follow, as nearly as possible, the same orthography: yq Kish, was the name of this king's father, and so we spell it in the Old Testament, and yet have transformed it into Cis in the New, where the orthography is almost entirely lost.

    The space of forty years.] Reckoning from the time of his anointing by Samuel to the time of his death, from A.M. 2909 to 2949.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 21. And afterward they desired a king , etc.] ( 1 Samuel 8:5) which the Jews say, was in the tenth year of Samuel; that is, of his government over Israel, or of his judging them: and God gave unto them Saul ; whose name signifies one that is asked; he was the son of Cis ; so the Septuagint read and pronounce the word Kish, the name of Sauls father, ( 1 Samuel 9:1) a man of the tribe of Benjamin; not of Judah, from whence the sceptre was not to depart till Shiloh came; the business of their asking a king being resented by God, he gives them their first king of another tribe: by the space of forty years . The Jews are very much divided about the years of Sauls reign, some allow him but two years f670 , and others three, one year that he reigned with Samuel, and two by himself f671 , which they conclude from ( 1 Samuel 13:1) but others think this too short a time for the things done by him, the wars he fought with many nations, and his persecution of David from place to place; wherefore others allow him, some seventeen, and others twenty years; but our apostle ascribes forty years to him, which must be understood both of him and Samuel; with which Josephus agrees, who says that he reigned eighteen years, during Samuels life, and twenty two years after his death, which make the space of forty years fixed by the apostle; though the clause, by the space of forty years, may be read in construction with the latter end of the preceding verse, until Samuel the prophet; who, the Jews own, judged so many years: wherefore the apostle is not to be charged with an error, as he is by a Jewish objector; who observes, that from the beginning of Sauls kingdom, or from the time that he was anointed by Samuel the prophet, until the kingdom was renewed to him by all Israel, was one year, and then Saul chose three thousand men out of Israel after that he reigned two years by the consent of all Israel, until he sinned in the business of the Amalekites, and then he was accounted as a dead man, and the years of his reign were not numbered; at which time David was anointed, who must be about twenty years of age, ( 1 Samuel 16:18) and yet when he came to the kingdom after the death of Saul, he was but thirty years of age, ( Samuel 5:4) from whence he thinks it follows that Saul reigned but ten years: in all which he is guilty of several mistakes, and advances things he cannot prove; it was not after Saul had reigned one year, but after he had reigned two years, that he chose three thousand men out of Israel, as is expressly said, ( 1 Samuel 13:1,2) and that he had reigned but two years when he sinned in the case of the Amalekites, wants proof; nor is it evident that David was twenty years of age when he was anointed, for it was after his unction that he is said to be a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, ( 1 Samuel 16:18) nor indeed can it be said in what year of Sauls reign he was anointed; so that nothing can be concluded from the age David was at when he began to reign, concerning the years of the reign of Saul his predecessor; and even according to this mans own reckoning, he must reign thirteen years, one before the consent of all Israel, two after, and before his sin about the Amalekites, and ten from the time of Davids unction: but that Saul must reign more years than these, and even as many as the apostle assigns to him, may be concluded, not only from his wars with many nations, and his long persecution of David before observed; but from the number of high priests which were in his time, and who were no less than three, Ahiah, Abimelech, and Abiathar, ( 1 Samuel 14:3 22:20 23:9) and from his being a young man when he began to reign, ( Samuel 9:2) and yet at the end of his reign, or at his death, he had a son, Ishbosheth, that was forty years of age, ( 2 Samuel 2:10).

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 14-31 - When we come together to
    worship God, we must do it, not only by praye and praise, but by the reading and hearing of the word of God. The bar reading of the Scriptures in public assemblies is not enough; the should be expounded, and the people exhorted out of them. This i helping people in doing that which is necessary to make the wor profitable, to apply it to themselves. Every thing is touched upon in this sermon, which might best prevail with Jews to receive and embrac Christ as the promised Messiah. And every view, however short or faint of the Lord's dealings with his church, reminds us of his mercy an long-suffering, and of man's ingratitude and perverseness. Paul passe from David to the Son of David, and shows that this Jesus is his promised Seed; a Saviour to do that for them, which the judges of ol could not do, to save them from their sins, their worst enemies. When the apostles preached Christ as the Saviour, they were so far from concealing his death, that they always preached Christ crucified. Ou complete separation from sin, is represented by our being buried with Christ. But he rose again from the dead, and saw no corruption: thi was the great truth to be preached.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    κακειθεν
    2547 ADV-C ητησαντο 154 5668 V-AMI-3P βασιλεα 935 N-ASM και 2532 CONJ εδωκεν 1325 5656 V-AAI-3S αυτοις 846 P-DPM ο 3588 T-NSM θεος 2316 N-NSM τον 3588 T-ASM σαουλ 4549 N-PRI υιον 5207 N-ASM κις 2797 N-PRI ανδρα 435 N-ASM εκ 1537 PREP φυλης 5443 N-GSF βενιαμιν 958 N-PRI ετη 2094 N-APN τεσσαρακοντα 5062 A-NUI

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    13:21 {They asked} (eitesanto). First aorist indirect middle indicative, they asked for themselves. They were tired of a theocracy. Cf. #1Sa 8:5; 10:1.
    Paul mentions with pride that Benjamin was the tribe of Saul (his name also), but he does not allude to Saul's Sin (Furneaux). {For the space of forty years} (ete tesserakonta). Accusative of extent of time. Not in the O.T., but in Josephus, _Ant_. VI. 14, 9.


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