Adam Clarke's Bible Commentary-25
Verses 24. - 25. The prayer of Moses recorded in these two verses, and his own reflections on it, ver. 26, are very affecting. He had suffered much both in body and mind in bringing the people to the borders of the promised land; and it was natural enough for him to wish to see them established in it, and to enjoy a portion of that inheritance himself, which he knew was a type of the heavenly country. But notwithstanding his very earnest prayer, and God's especial favour towards him, he was not permitted to go over Jordan! He had grieved the Spirit of God, and he passed a sentence against him of exclusion from the promised land. Yet he permitted him to see it, and gave him the fullest assurances that the people whom he had brought out of Egypt should possess it. Thus God may choose to deprive those of earthly possessions to whom he is nevertheless determined to give a heavenly inheritance.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 25. I pray thee, let me go over and see the good land that is beyond Jordan , etc.] The land of Canaan, the land flowing with milk and honey; a land which he describes as a most excellent one, ( Deuteronomy 8:7,8).
To see this land, he was very desirous of going over the river Jordan, beyond which it lay with respect to the place where he now was: that goodly mountain, and Lebanon ; or, “that goodly mountain, even Lebanon”; which lay to the north of the land of Canaan, and was famous for cedar and odoriferous trees. But if two distinct mountains are meant, the goodly mountain may design Mount Moriah, on which the temple was afterwards built, and of which Moses might have a foresight; and some by Lebanon think that is meant, which was built of the cedars of Lebanon, and therefore goes by that name, ( Zechariah 11:1) and a foreview of this made the mountain so precious to Moses, and desirable to be seen by him.
So the Targum of Jonathan; “that goodly mountain in which is built the city of Jerusalem, and Mount Lebanon, in which the Shechinah shall dwell” to which agrees the note of Aben Ezra, who interprets the goodly mountain of Jerusalem, and Lebanon of the house of the sanctuary. In the Septuagint it is called Antilibanus. Mount Libanus had its name not from frankincense growing upon it, as some have thought; for it does not appear that any did grow upon it, for that came from Seba in Arabia Felix; but from the whiteness of it, through the continual snows that were on it, just as the Alps have their name for the same reason; and so Jerom says of Lebanon, that the snow never leaves from the tops of it, or is ever so overcome by the heat of the sun as wholly to melt; to the same purpose also Tacitus says, and Mr. Maundrell f52 , who was there in May, speaks of deep snow on it, and represents the cedars as standing in snow.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 21-29 - Moses encouraged Joshua, who was to succeed him. Thus the aged an experienced in the service of God, should do all they can to strengthe the hands of those who are young, and setting out in religion. Conside what God has done, what God has promised. If God be for us, who can be against us, so as to prevail? We reproach our Leader if we follow his trembling. Moses prayed, that, if it were God's will, he might go before Israel, over Jordan into Canaan. We should never allow an desires in our hearts, which we cannot in faith offer up to God be prayer. God's answer to this prayer had a mixture of mercy an judgment. God sees it good to deny many things we desire. He may accep our prayers, yet not grant us the very things we pray for. It God doe not by his providence give us what we desire, yet if by his grace he makes us content without, it comes to much the same. Let it suffic thee to have God for thy Father, and heaven for thy portion, thoug thou hast not every thing thou wouldst have in the world. God promise Moses a sight of Canaan from the top of Pisgah. Though he should no have the possession of it, he should have the prospect of it. Eve great believers, in this present state, see heaven but at a distance God provided him a successor. It is a comfort to the friends of the church of Christ, to see God's work likely to be carried on by others when they are silent in the dust. And if we have the earnest an prospect of heaven, let these suffice us; let us submit to the Lord' will, and speak no more to Him of matters which he sees good to refus us __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew אעברה 5674 נא 4994 ואראה 7200 את 853 הארץ 776 הטובה 2896 אשׁר 834 בעבר 5676 הירדן 3383 ההר 2022 הטוב 2896 הזה 2088 והלבנן׃ 3844