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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - John 13:23


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    King James Bible - John 13:23

    Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

    World English Bible

    One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was at the table, leaning against Jesus'
    breast.

    Douay-Rheims - John 13:23

    Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom, one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ην
    2258 5713 V-IXI-3S δε 1161 CONJ ανακειμενος 345 5740 V-PNP-NSM εις 1520 A-NSM των 3588 T-GPM μαθητων 3101 N-GPM αυτου 846 P-GSM εν 1722 PREP τω 3588 T-DSM κολπω 2859 N-DSM του 3588 T-GSM ιησου 2424 N-GSM ον 3739 R-ASM ηγαπα 25 5707 V-IAI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (23) -
    :25; 1:18; 21:20 2Sa 12:3

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 13:23

    Y uno de sus discípulos, al cual Jess amaba, estaba sentado en la mesa al lado de Jess.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - John 13:23

    Verse 23. Now there was leaning on
    Jesus' bosom] The Jews of those days, at their suppers, reclined, supported by their left arm, on couches placed round the table, as the Greeks and Romans did. On each couch there were two or three persons; and the head of one of them came near to the bosom of him who reclined above him on the same couch. The person here mentioned was John, the writer of this history, who, being more tenderly loved by Christ than the rest, had always that place at table which was nearest to his Lord.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 23. Now there was leaning on Jesus
    bosom , etc.] Not pressing upon that part of Christs body, which would have been irreverent in John, and troublesome to Christ; but leaning at table upon his bed or couch, on which he lay; and which was next to, and just before Christ; so that he was very near unto, and seemed to lie in the bosom of Christ; as such are said to do, who sit next at table to another. The posture of the Jews at table, was either sitting or lying, and a difference they make between these two; if, say they f583 , ybwy wyh , they sat to eat everyone asked a blessing for himself; but if wbysh , they lay down, one asked a blessing for them all.

    This lying down was not on their backs, nor on their right side, but on their left; for they say f584 , that lying down on the back, is not called hbysh , lying down; and lying on the right side, is not called lying down.

    And the reason given is f585 , because they have need of the right hand to eat with; but as they elsewhere observe, they used to eat lying along, leaning on the left side, their feet to the ground, and every man on a single couch.

    Would you know the order in which they, lay, take the account as they have given it f587 ; when there were but two couches, the principal person lay first, and the second to him above him; and when there were three, the principal person lay in the middle, the second to him above him, and the third below him; and if he would talk with him, he raised himself upright, and sitting upright he talked with him; that is, as the gloss explains it, if the principal person was desirous to talk with him that was second to him, he must raise himself up from his lying down, and sit upright; for all the white he is leaning, he cannot talk with him, because he that is second to him, is behind the head of the principal person, and the face of the principal person is turned to the other side; and it is better for the second to sit below him, that he may hear his words, whilst he is leaning.

    The form in which Christ and his disciples sat or lay at table, we may conceive was this f588 ; a table was placed in the middle and as many beds or couches round it, as there were persons; Christ the principal and most worthy person lay first, with his head toward the table, his face somewhat turned from it, leaning on his left elbow upon the couch; in this posture lay Jesus, upon the first couch; in the same posture lay John, in the next to him, and just before him; the hinder part of his head being towards, and near the breast and bosom of Jesus; whence he is said to lean upon it: now to lie next to the principal person, was a very great honour, as well as a mark of great affection; and for John to lie next to Jesus, and as it were to lean on his bosom, showed how much he was respected and honoured by him; and therefore John modestly conceals his name, and only says, one of his disciples whom Jesus loved ; Christ, as the Son of God, and surety of his people, loved his true disciples, as he does all his elect, alike; not one more than the other; but as man, he had a particular affection for this disciple, and therefore admitted him near his person, and was very familiar with him.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 18-30 - Our Lord had often spoken of his own sufferings and death, without suc trouble of spirit as he now discovered when he spake of Judas. The sin of Christians are the grief of Christ. We are not to confine ou attention to Judas. The prophecy of his treachery may apply to all wh partake of God's mercies, and meet them with ingratitude. See the infidel, who only looks at the Scriptures with a desire to do awa their authority and destroy their influence; the hypocrite, wh professes to believe the Scriptures, but will not govern himself by them; and the apostate, who turns aside from Christ for a thing of naught. Thus mankind, supported by God's providence, after eating brea with Him, lift up the heel against Him! Judas went out as one weary of Jesus and his apostles. Those whose deeds are evil, love darknes rather than light.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ην
    2258 5713 V-IXI-3S δε 1161 CONJ ανακειμενος 345 5740 V-PNP-NSM εις 1520 A-NSM των 3588 T-GPM μαθητων 3101 N-GPM αυτου 846 P-GSM εν 1722 PREP τω 3588 T-DSM κολπω 2859 N-DSM του 3588 T-GSM ιησου 2424 N-GSM ον 3739 R-ASM ηγαπα 25 5707 V-IAI-3S ο 3588 T-NSM ιησους 2424 N-NSM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    23. Was leaning on
    Jesus' bosom (hn anakeimenov en tw kolpw tou Ihsou). The Rev. renders, "there was at the table reclining," etc. At the table is added because the verb is the general term equivalent to sitting at table. "In Jesus' bosom," defines John's position relatively to the other guests. As the guests reclined upon the left arm, the feet being stretched out behind, the head of each would be near the breast of his companion on the left. Supposing that Jesus, Peter, and John were together, Jesus would occupy the central place, the place of honor, and John, being in front of Him, could readily lean back and speak to Him. Peter would be behind him.

    Bosom. See on Luke vi. 38. The Synoptists do not give this incident.



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