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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Job 9:3


    CHAPTERS: Job 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35

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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Job 9:3

    εαν 1437 γαρ 1063 βουληται 1014 5741 κριθηναι 2919 5683 αυτω 846 ου 3739 3757 μη 3361 υπακουση αυτω 846 ινα 2443 μη 3361 αντειπη προς 4314 ενα 1520 λογον 3056 αυτου 847 εκ 1537 χιλιων 5507

    Douay Rheims Bible

    If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one for a thousand.

    King James Bible - Job 9:3

    If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.

    World English Bible

    If he is pleased to contend with him, he can't answer him one
    time in a thousand.

    Early Church Father Links

    Npnf-101 vi.I_1.V Pg 10, Npnf-105 x.iv.xiv Pg 3

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Job 9:3

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 ix.viii.x Pg 2
    Ps. cxxx. 7.


    Anf-03 vi.vii.iii Pg 3
    So Mr. Dodgson; and La Cerda, as quoted by Oehler. See Ps. cxxxi. 1 in LXX., where it is Ps. cxxx.

    but what is that which, in a certain way, has been grasped by hand9027

    9027


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 41
    Isa. x. 33.

    And who are these but the rich? Because they have indeed received their consolation, glory, and honour and a lofty position from their wealth. In Psalm xlviii. He also turns off our care from these and says: “Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, and when his glory is increased: for when he shall die, he shall carry nothing away; nor shall his glory descend along with him.”4021

    4021


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 25


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiii Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvii Pg 4
    Ps. xcix.



    Anf-03 v.iii.iii Pg 15
    1 Sam. viii. 7.

    And Moses declares, “For their murmuring is not against us, but against the Lord God.”656

    656


    Anf-03 vi.ii.iv Pg 11
    So the Cod. Sin. Hilgenfeld reads, with the Latin, “let us take.”

    heed in these last days; for the whole [past] time of your faith will profit you nothing, unless now in this wicked time we also withstand coming sources of danger, as becometh the sons of God. That the Black One1478

    1478


    Anf-03 vi.ii.iv Pg 12
    The Latin here departs entirely from the Greek text, and quotes as a saying of “the Son of God” the following precept, nowhere to be found in the New Testament: “Let us resist all iniquity, and hold it in hatred.” Hilgenfeld joins this clause to the former sentence.

    may find no means of entrance, let us flee from every vanity, let us utterly hate the works of the way of wickedness. Do not, by retiring apart, live a solitary life, as if you were already [fully] justified; but coming together in one place, make common inquiry concerning what tends to your general welfare. For the Scripture saith, “Woe to them who are wise to themselves, and prudent in their own sight!”1479

    1479 *marg:


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxviii Pg 8
    1 Kings x. 1.

    she whom the Lord also referred to as one who should rise up in the judgment with the nations of those men who do hear His words, and do not believe in Him, and should condemn them, inasmuch as she submitted herself to the wisdom announced by the servant of God, while these men despised that wisdom which proceeded directly from the Son of God. For Solomon was a servant, but Christ is indeed the Son of God, and the Lord of Solomon. While, therefore, he served God without blame, and ministered to His dispensations, then was he glorified: but when he took wives from all nations, and permitted them to set up idols in Israel, the Scripture spake thus concerning him: “And King Solomon was a lover of women, and he took to himself foreign women; and it came to pass, when Solomon was old, his heart was not perfect with the Lord his God. And the foreign women turned away his heart after strange gods. And Solomon did evil in the sight of the Lord: he did not walk after the Lord, as did David his father. And the Lord was angry with Solomon; for his heart was not perfect with the Lord, as was the heart of David his father.”4181

    4181


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxviii Pg 9
    1 Kings xi. 1.

    The Scripture has thus sufficiently reproved him, as the presbyter remarked, in order that no flesh may glory in the sight of the Lord.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iv Pg 9
    I am not acquainted with any such passage. Oehler refers to Isa. xlix. in his margin, but gives no verse, and omits to notice this passage of the present treatise in his index.

    Thus, therefore, before this temporal sabbath, there was withal an eternal sabbath foreshown and foretold; just as before the carnal circumcision there was withal a spiritual circumcision foreshown. In short, let them teach us, as we have already premised, that Adam observed the sabbath; or that Abel, when offering to God a holy victim, pleased Him by a religious reverence for the sabbath; or that Enoch, when translated, had been a keeper of the sabbath; or that Noah the ark-builder observed, on account of the deluge, an immense sabbath; or that Abraham, in observance of the sabbath, offered Isaac his son; or that Melchizedek in his priesthood received the law of the sabbath.


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xl Pg 3
    Ps. i., Ps. ii.


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 27.1


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 27.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.xiii Pg 8.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xxi Pg 51.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xxi Pg 51.1


    Anf-02 ii.ii.i Pg 14.1


    Anf-01 v.vii.i Pg 6
    Isa. v. 26, Isa. xlix. 22.

    for all ages, through His resurrection, to all His holy and faithful [followers], whether among Jews or Gentiles, in the one body of His Church.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xxxiii Pg 28
    See Bull’s Works, Vol. V., p. 381.

    I value it chiefly because it proves that the Greek Testament, elsewhere says, disjointedly, what is collected into 1 John v. 7. It is, therefore, Holy Scripture in substance, if not in the letter. What seems to me important, however, is the balance it gives to the whole context, and the defective character of the grammar and logic, if it be stricken out. In the Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate of the Old Testament we have a precisely similar case. Refer to Psa. xiii., alike in the Latin and the Greek, as compared with our English Version.8214

    8214


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xl Pg 3
    Ps. i., Ps. ii.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxxvi Pg 5
    Ps. i. 3.

    Again, the righteous is said to flourish like the palm-tree. God appeared from a tree to Abraham, as it is written, near the oak in Mamre. The people found seventy willows and twelve springs after crossing the Jordan.2290

    2290


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xi Pg 11
    Ps. i. 3–6.

    Mark how He has described at once both the water and the cross. For these words imply, Blessed are they who, placing their trust in the cross, have gone down into the water; for, says He, they shall receive their reward in due time: then He declares, I will recompense them. But now He saith,1601

    1601 Cod. Sin. has, “what meaneth?”

    “Their leaves shall not fade.” This meaneth, that every word which proceedeth out of your mouth in faith and love shall tend to bring conversion and hope to many. Again, another prophet saith, “And the land of Jacob shall be extolled above every land.”1602

    1602


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.x Pg 17.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xvii Pg 19.1


    Anf-03 iv.iv.xv Pg 14
    Ps. i. 1–3; xcii. 12–; 15.

    If you have renounced temples, make not your own gate a temple. I have said too little. If you have renounced stews, clothe not your own house with the appearance of a new brothel.


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xix Pg 17
    Ps. i. 3.

    “He that hath clean hands and a pure heart, who hath not taken God’s name in vain, nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbour, he shall receive blessing from the Lord, and mercy from the God of his salvation.”2937

    2937


    Anf-03 vi.ii.iv Pg 11
    So the Cod. Sin. Hilgenfeld reads, with the Latin, “let us take.”

    heed in these last days; for the whole [past] time of your faith will profit you nothing, unless now in this wicked time we also withstand coming sources of danger, as becometh the sons of God. That the Black One1478

    1478


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.xiv Pg 125.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xxiii Pg 8
    1 Sam. xiii.

    Solomon is rejected; but he is now become a prey to foreign women, and a slave to the idols of Moab and Sidon. What must the Creator do, in order to escape the censure of the Marcionites? Must He prematurely condemn men, who are thus far correct in their conduct, because of future delinquencies? But it is not the mark of a good God to condemn beforehand persons who have not yet deserved condemnation. Must He then refuse to eject sinners, on account of their previous good deeds? But it is not the characteristic of a just judge to forgive sins in consideration of former virtues which are no longer practised. Now, who is so faultless among men, that God could always have him in His choice, and never be able to reject him? Or who, on the other hand, is so void of any good work, that God could reject him for ever, and never be able to choose him? Show me, then, the man who is always good, and he will not be rejected; show me, too, him who is always evil, and he will never be chosen.  Should, however, the same man, being found on different occasions in the pursuit of both (good and evil) be recompensed2986

    2986 Dispungetur.

    in both directions by God, who is both a good and judicial Being, He does not change His judgments through inconstancy or want of foresight, but dispenses reward according to the deserts of each case with a most unwavering and provident decision.2987

    2987 Censura.



    Anf-03 iv.ix.ix Pg 27
    Oehler refers to Isa. xix. 1. See, too, Isa. xxx. and xxxi.

    So, again, Babylon, in our own John, is a figure of the city Rome, as being equally great and proud of her sway, and triumphant over the saints.1273

    1273


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xxi Pg 55.1


    Npnf-201 iii.vi.ii Pg 18


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.iii Pg 14.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxi Pg 41
    Isa. xlii. 3.

    The mild and peaceful repose of His kingdom was indicated likewise. For, after the wind which rends the mountains, and after the earthquake, and after the fire, come the tranquil and peaceful times of His kingdom, in which the spirit of God does, in the most gentle manner, vivify and increase mankind. This, too, was made still clearer by Ezekiel, that the prophets saw the dispensations of God in part, but not actually God Himself. For when this man had seen the vision4094

    4094


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ix Pg 68
    See Isa. xlii. 2, 3, and Matt. xii. 19, 20.

    —that is, the momentary glow of the Gentiles—but made it shine more by the rising of His own light,—He can be none other than He who was predicted. The action, therefore, of the Christ who is come must be examined by being placed side by side with the rule of the Scriptures. For, if I mistake not, we find Him distinguished by a twofold operation,—that of preaching and that of power. Now, let each count be disposed of summarily. Accordingly, let us work out the order we have set down, teaching that Christ was announced as a preacher; as, through Isaiah: “Cry out,” he says, “in vigour, and spare not; lift up, as with a trumpet, thy voice, and announce to my commonalty their crimes, and to the house of Jacob their sins.  Me from day to day they seek, and to learn my ways they covet, as a people which hath done righteousness, and hath not forsaken the judgment of God,” and so forth:1310

    1310


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxiii Pg 31
    Isa. xlii. 2, 3.

    Being of such a character, He was of course much the less disposed to burn men. For even at that time the Lord said to Elias,4404

    4404 Compare De Patientia, chap. xv.

    “He was not in the fire, but in the still small voice.”4405

    4405


    Anf-03 iv.ix.viii Pg 10
    See Dan. ix . 24–; 27. It seemed best to render with the strictest literality, without regard to anything else; as an idea will thus then be given of the condition of the text, which, as it stands, differs widely, as will be seen, from the Hebrew and also from the LXX., as it stands in the ed. Tisch. Lips. 1860, to which I always adapt my references.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.viii Pg 10
    See Dan. ix . 24–; 27. It seemed best to render with the strictest literality, without regard to anything else; as an idea will thus then be given of the condition of the text, which, as it stands, differs widely, as will be seen, from the Hebrew and also from the LXX., as it stands in the ed. Tisch. Lips. 1860, to which I always adapt my references.


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xii Pg 42
    1 Sam. ii. 7, 8; Ps. cxlvii. 6; Luke i. 52.

    Is he then the same God as He who gave Satan power over the person of Job that his “strength might be made perfect in weakness?”5780

    5780


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxiv Pg 57
    See 1 Sam. ii. 6–8, Ps. cxiii. 7, and Luke i. 52.

    Since, therefore, it is quite consistent in the Creator to pronounce different sentences in the two directions of reward and punishment, we shall have to conclude that there is here no diversity of gods,4858

    4858 Divinitatum; “divine powers.”

    but only a difference in the actual matters4859

    4859 Ipsarum materiarum.

    before us.


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xii Pg 42
    1 Sam. ii. 7, 8; Ps. cxlvii. 6; Luke i. 52.

    Is he then the same God as He who gave Satan power over the person of Job that his “strength might be made perfect in weakness?”5780

    5780


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 18
    1 Sam. ii. 8.

    And by Isaiah how He inveighs against the oppressors of the needy! “What mean ye that ye set fire to my vineyard, and that the spoil of the poor is in your houses? Wherefore do ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the face of the needy?”3950

    3950


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxviii Pg 30
    Comp. 1 Sam. ii. 8 with Ps. cxiii. 7 and Luke i. 52.

    From Him, therefore, will proceed the parable of the rich man, who flattered himself about the increase of his fields, and to Whom God said: “Thou fool, this night shall they require thy soul of thee; then whose shall those things be which thou hast provided?”4648

    4648


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 30


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xlii Pg 6
    Ps. xviii. 45.

    According to nature, then, they are [His] children, because they have been so created; but with regard to their works, they are not His children.


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 39.1
    *titles


    Anf-01 ix.ii.xxx Pg 9
    Ex. xx. 5; Isa. xlv. 5, 6.

    Such are the falsehoods which these people invent.


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 37.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 20.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xii.xi Pg 25
    100:3


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 3
    See Gen. xii.–xv. compared with xvii. and Rom. iv.

    nor yet did he observe the Sabbath. For he had “accepted”1163

    1163


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 5
    There is, if the text be genuine, some confusion here.  Melchizedek does not appear to have been, in any sense, “subsequent” to Abraham, for he probably was senior to him; and, moreover, Abraham does not appear to have been “already circumcised” carnally when Melchizedek met him. Comp. Gen. xiv. with Gen. xvii.

    “But again,” (you say) “the son of Moses would upon one occasion have been choked by an angel, if Zipporah,1165

    1165


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.vii Pg 16.1


    Anf-02 v.ii.ix Pg 3.2


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 20.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.xvi Pg 18.1


    Anf-03 v.x.ii Pg 5
    Ex. xx. 2.

    Likewise in the same book of Exodus: “Ye yourselves have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. Ye shall not make unto you gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.”8231

    8231


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xix Pg 4.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xix Pg 4.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.viii Pg 30.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xv.ix Pg 22


    Npnf-201 iv.vi.i.xxxviii Pg 12


    Anf-03 vi.ii.xii Pg 8
    Or, as some read, “in the cross.”

    And in another prophet He declares, “All day long I have stretched forth My hands to an unbelieving people, and one that gainsays My righteous way.”1612

    1612


    Anf-01 vi.ii.vi Pg 17
    Not found in Scripture. Comp. Isa. xl. 13; Prov. i. 6. Hilgenfeld, however, changes the usual punctuation, which places a colon after prophet, and reads, “For the prophet speaketh the parable of the Lord. Who shall understand,” etc.

    <index subject1="Holy Spirit" title="140" id="vi.ii.vi-p17.3"/>Since, therefore, having renewed us by the remission of our sins, He hath made us after another pattern, [it is His purpose] that we should possess the soul of children, inasmuch as He has created us anew by His Spirit.1509

    1509 The Greek is here very elliptical and obscure: “His Spirit” is inserted above, from the Latin.

    For the Scripture says concerning us, while He speaks to the Son, “Let Us make man after Our image, and after Our likeness; and let them have dominion over the beasts of the earth, and the fowls of heaven, and the fishes of the sea.”1510

    1510


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.xiv Pg 162.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.vi Pg 31
    Isa. xl. 13.

    So says Isaiah. What has he also to do with illustrations from our God? For when (the apostle) calls himself “a wise master-builder,”5454

    5454


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xiv Pg 34
    Isa. xl. 13, quoted (according to the Sept.) by the apostle in Rom. xi. 34, 35.

    Now, (Marcion,) since you have expunged so much from the Scriptures, why did you retain these words, as if they too were not the Creator’s words? But come now, let us see without mistake5869

    5869 Plane: ironically.

    the precepts of your new god: “Abhor that which is evil, and cleave to that which is good.”5870

    5870


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xviii Pg 8
    Isa. xl. 13.

    Caught in this trap, the heretic probably changed the passage, with the view of saying that his god wished to make known to his principalities and powers the fellowship of his own mystery, of which God, who created all things, had been ignorant. But what was the use of his obtruding this ignorance of the Creator, who was a stranger to the superior god,6009

    6009 Marcion’s god, of course.

    and far enough removed from him, when even his own servants had known nothing about him? To the Creator, however, the future was well known. Then why was not that also known to Him, which had to be revealed beneath His heaven, and on His earth? From this, therefore, there arises a confirmation of what we have already laid down. For since the Creator was sure to know, some time or other, that hidden mystery of the superior god, even on the supposition that the true reading was (as Marcion has it)—“hidden from the God who created all things”—he ought then to have expressed the conclusion thus: “in order that the manifold wisdom of God might be made known to Him, and then to the principalities and powers of God, whosoever He might be, with whom the Creator was destined to share their knowledge.” So palpable is the erasure in this passage, when thus read, consistently with its own true bearing. I, on my part, now wish to engage with you in a discussion on the allegorical expressions of the apostle. What figures of speech could the novel god have found in the prophets (fit for himself)?  “He led captivity captive,” says the apostle.6010

    6010


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.ii Pg 14
    Comp. Isa. xl. 13, 14; with Rom. xi. 34.

    With whom the apostle agreeing exclaims, “Oh the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past finding out!”2712

    2712


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.ii Pg 14
    Comp. Isa. xl. 13, 14; with Rom. xi. 34.

    With whom the apostle agreeing exclaims, “Oh the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past finding out!”2712

    2712


    Anf-03 v.v.xvii Pg 4
    Rom. xi. 34, 35; comp. Isa. xl. 14.

    Surely none!  Because there was present with Him no power, no material, no nature which belonged to any other than Himself.  But if it was with some (portion of Matter)6289

    6289 De aliquo.

    that He effected His creation, He must have received from that (Matter) itself both the design and the treatment of its order as being “the way of wisdom and knowledge.” For He had to operate conformably with the quality of the thing, and according to the nature of Matter, not according to His own will in consequence of which He must have made6290

    6290 Adeo ut fecerit.

    even evil things suitably to the nature not of Himself, but of Matter.


    Anf-03 v.v.xviii Pg 6
    Isa. xl. 14.

    Of this He made all things, making them through It, and making them with It.  “When He prepared the heavens,” so says (the Scripture6295

    6295 Or the “inquit” may indicate the very words of “Wisdom.”

    ), “I was present with Him; and when He strengthened above the winds the lofty clouds, and when He secured the fountains6296

    6296 Fontes. Although Oehler prefers Junius’ reading “montes,” he yet retains “fontes,” because Tertullian (in ch. xxxii. below) has the unmistakable reading “fontes” in a like connection.

    which are under the heaven, I was present, compacting these things6297

    6297 Compingens.

    along with Him. I was He6298

    6298 Ad quem: the expression is masculine.

    in whom He took delight; moreover, I daily rejoiced in His presence: for He rejoiced when He had finished the world, and amongst the sons of men did He show forth His pleasure.”6299

    6299


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.vi Pg 48
    Ps. cxviii. 8.

    and the same thing is said about glorying (in princes).5471

    5471


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 53
    Ps. cxviii. 8, 9.

    Thus everything which is caught at by men is adjured by the Creator, down to their good words.4033

    4033 Nedum benedictionem.

    It is as much His property to condemn the praise and flattering words bestowed on the false prophets by their fathers, as to condemn their vexatious and persecuting treatment of the (true) prophets. As the injuries suffered by the prophets could not be imputed4034

    4034 Non pertinuissent ad.

    to their own God, so the applause bestowed on the false prophets could not have been displeasing to any other god but the God of the true prophets.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 53
    Ps. cxviii. 8, 9.

    Thus everything which is caught at by men is adjured by the Creator, down to their good words.4033

    4033 Nedum benedictionem.

    It is as much His property to condemn the praise and flattering words bestowed on the false prophets by their fathers, as to condemn their vexatious and persecuting treatment of the (true) prophets. As the injuries suffered by the prophets could not be imputed4034

    4034 Non pertinuissent ad.

    to their own God, so the applause bestowed on the false prophets could not have been displeasing to any other god but the God of the true prophets.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxvii Pg 26
    Ps. cxviii. 9.

    and pronounces him to be altogether wretched who places his confidence in man. But whoever4599

    4599 Quodsiquis.

    aims at high position, because he would glory in the officious attentions4600

    4600 Officiis.

    of other people, (in every such case,) inasmuch as He forbade such attentions (in the shape) of placing hope and confidence in man, He at the same time4601

    4601 Idem.

    censured all who were ambitious of high positions. He also inveighs against the doctors of the law themselves, because they were “lading men with burdens grievous to be borne, which they did not venture to touch with even a finger of their own;”4602

    4602


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.vi Pg 49
    Ps. cxviii. 9.



    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xiv Pg 41
    Ps. cxviii. 9.

    Patient in tribulation.”5876

    5876


    Anf-03 iv.ix.ix Pg 27
    Oehler refers to Isa. xix. 1. See, too, Isa. xxx. and xxxi.

    So, again, Babylon, in our own John, is a figure of the city Rome, as being equally great and proud of her sway, and triumphant over the saints.1273

    1273


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.iii Pg 26.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvi Pg 2
    Deut. v. 22.

    For this reason [He did so], that they who are willing to follow Him might keep these commandments. But when they turned themselves to make a calf, and had gone back in their minds to Egypt, desiring to be slaves instead of free-men, they were placed for the future in a state of servitude suited to their wish,—[a slavery] which did not indeed cut them off from God, but subjected them to the yoke of bondage; as Ezekiel the prophet, when stating the reasons for the giving of such a law, declares: “And their eyes were after the desire of their heart; and I gave them statutes that were not good, and judgments in which they shall not live.”3970

    3970


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvii Pg 20
    Deut. v. 22.

    for, as I have already observed, He stood in need of nothing from them. And again Moses says: “And now Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, to walk in all His ways, and to love Him, and to serve the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul?”3999

    3999


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxi Pg 25
    Deut. v. 24.

    For certain of these men used to see the prophetic Spirit and His active influences poured forth for all kinds of gifts; others, again, [beheld] the advent of the Lord, and that dispensation which obtained from the beginning, by which He accomplished the will of the Father with regard to things both celestial and terrestrial; and others [beheld] paternal glories adapted to the times, and to those who saw and who heard them then, and to all who were subsequently to hear them. Thus, therefore, was God revealed; for God the Father is shown forth through all these [operations], the Spirit indeed working, and the Son ministering, while the Father was approving, and man’s salvation being accomplished. As He also declares through Hosea the prophet: “I,” He says, “have multiplied visions, and have used similitudes by the ministry (in manibus) of the prophets.”4082

    4082


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxi Pg 40
    1 Kings xix. 11, 12.

    For by such means was the prophet—very indignant, because of the transgression of the people and the slaughter of the prophets—both taught to act in a more gentle manner; and the Lord’s advent as a man was pointed out, that it should be subsequent to that law which was given by Moses, mild and tranquil, in which He would neither break the bruised reed, nor quench the smoking flax.4093

    4093


    Anf-01 viii.vi.xxxi Pg 3
    1 Kings xix. 11, 12.

    But these things pious men must understand in a higher sense with profound and meditative insight. But Plato, not attending to the words with the suitable insight, said that God exists in a fiery substance.
    100:3


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 3
    See Gen. xii.–xv. compared with xvii. and Rom. iv.

    nor yet did he observe the Sabbath. For he had “accepted”1163

    1163


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 5
    There is, if the text be genuine, some confusion here.  Melchizedek does not appear to have been, in any sense, “subsequent” to Abraham, for he probably was senior to him; and, moreover, Abraham does not appear to have been “already circumcised” carnally when Melchizedek met him. Comp. Gen. xiv. with Gen. xvii.

    “But again,” (you say) “the son of Moses would upon one occasion have been choked by an angel, if Zipporah,1165

    1165


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.vii Pg 16.1


    Anf-02 v.ii.ix Pg 3.2


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 20.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.xvi Pg 18.1


    Anf-03 v.x.ii Pg 5
    Ex. xx. 2.

    Likewise in the same book of Exodus: “Ye yourselves have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. Ye shall not make unto you gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.”8231

    8231


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xix Pg 4.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xix Pg 4.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.iii Pg 26.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvi Pg 2
    Deut. v. 22.

    For this reason [He did so], that they who are willing to follow Him might keep these commandments. But when they turned themselves to make a calf, and had gone back in their minds to Egypt, desiring to be slaves instead of free-men, they were placed for the future in a state of servitude suited to their wish,—[a slavery] which did not indeed cut them off from God, but subjected them to the yoke of bondage; as Ezekiel the prophet, when stating the reasons for the giving of such a law, declares: “And their eyes were after the desire of their heart; and I gave them statutes that were not good, and judgments in which they shall not live.”3970

    3970


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvii Pg 20
    Deut. v. 22.

    for, as I have already observed, He stood in need of nothing from them. And again Moses says: “And now Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, to walk in all His ways, and to love Him, and to serve the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul?”3999

    3999


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxi Pg 25
    Deut. v. 24.

    For certain of these men used to see the prophetic Spirit and His active influences poured forth for all kinds of gifts; others, again, [beheld] the advent of the Lord, and that dispensation which obtained from the beginning, by which He accomplished the will of the Father with regard to things both celestial and terrestrial; and others [beheld] paternal glories adapted to the times, and to those who saw and who heard them then, and to all who were subsequently to hear them. Thus, therefore, was God revealed; for God the Father is shown forth through all these [operations], the Spirit indeed working, and the Son ministering, while the Father was approving, and man’s salvation being accomplished. As He also declares through Hosea the prophet: “I,” He says, “have multiplied visions, and have used similitudes by the ministry (in manibus) of the prophets.”4082

    4082


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxi Pg 40
    1 Kings xix. 11, 12.

    For by such means was the prophet—very indignant, because of the transgression of the people and the slaughter of the prophets—both taught to act in a more gentle manner; and the Lord’s advent as a man was pointed out, that it should be subsequent to that law which was given by Moses, mild and tranquil, in which He would neither break the bruised reed, nor quench the smoking flax.4093

    4093


    Anf-01 viii.vi.xxxi Pg 3
    1 Kings xix. 11, 12.

    But these things pious men must understand in a higher sense with profound and meditative insight. But Plato, not attending to the words with the suitable insight, said that God exists in a fiery substance.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxvii Pg 2
    Isa. lviii. 13, 14.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xii Pg 42
    Isa. lviii. 13 and lvi. 2.

    He declared them to be “true, and delightful, and inviolable.” Thus Christ did not at all rescind the Sabbath: He kept the law thereof, and both in the former case did a work which was beneficial to the life of His disciples, for He indulged them with the relief of food when they were hungry, and in the present instance cured the withered hand; in each case intimating by facts, “I came not to destroy, the law, but to fulfil it,”3893

    3893


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxvii Pg 2
    Isa. lviii. 13, 14.


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxxv Pg 9
    Isa. lviii. 14.

    This is what the Lord declared: “Happy are those servants whom the Lord when He cometh shall find watching. Verily I say unto you, that He shall gird Himself, and make them to sit down [to meat], and will come forth and serve them. And if He shall come in the evening watch, and find them so, blessed are they, because He shall make them sit down, and minister to them; or if this be in the second, or it be in the third, blessed are they.”4754

    4754 *marg:


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 42
    Ps. xlix. 16, 17.

    So also in Psalm lxi.: “Do not desire riches; and if they do yield you their lustre,4022

    4022 Relucent.

    do not set your heart upon them.”4023

    4023 *title


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xxvii Pg 7.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvii Pg 18
    Deut. viii. 3.

    And it enjoined love to God, and taught just dealing towards our neighbour, that we should neither be unjust nor unworthy of God, who prepares man for His friendship through the medium of the Decalogue, and likewise for agreement with his neighbour,—matters which did certainly profit man himself; God, however, standing in no need of anything from man.


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxii Pg 8
    Deut. viii. 3.

    As to those words [of His enemy,] “If thou be the Son of God,” [the Lord] made no remark; but by thus acknowledging His human nature He baffled His adversary, and exhausted the force of his first attack by means of His Father’s word. The corruption of man, therefore, which occurred in paradise by both [of our first parents] eating, was done away with by [the Lord’s] want of food in this world.4633

    4633 The Latin of this obscure sentence is: Quæ ergo fuit in Paradiso repletio hominis per duplicem gustationem, dissoluta est per eam, quæ fuit in hoc mundo, indigentiam. Harvey thinks that repletio is an error of the translation reading ἀναπλήρωσις for ἀναπήρωσις. This conjecture is adopted above.

    But he, being thus vanquished by the law, endeavoured again to make an assault by himself quoting a commandment of the law. For, bringing Him to the highest pinnacle of the temple, he said to Him, “If thou art the Son of God, cast thyself down. For it is written, That God shall give His angels charge concerning thee, and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest perchance thou dash thy foot against a stone;”4634

    4634


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xxvii Pg 7.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.i Pg 19.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.vii Pg 10.1


    Anf-03 v.viii.lxi Pg 5
    Deut. viii. 3; Matt. iv. 4.

    See here faint outlines of our future strength! We even, as we may be able, excuse our mouths from food, and withdraw our sexes from union. How many voluntary eunuchs are there! How many virgins espoused to Christ! How many, both of men and women, whom nature has made sterile, with a structure which cannot procreate! Now, if even here on earth both the functions and the pleasures of our members may be suspended, with an intermission which, like the dispensation itself, can only be a temporary one, and yet man’s safety is nevertheless unimpaired, how much more, when his salvation is secure, and especially in an eternal dispensation, shall we not cease to desire those things, for which, even here below, we are not unaccustomed to check our longings!


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 41
    Isa. x. 33.

    And who are these but the rich? Because they have indeed received their consolation, glory, and honour and a lofty position from their wealth. In Psalm xlviii. He also turns off our care from these and says: “Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, and when his glory is increased: for when he shall die, he shall carry nothing away; nor shall his glory descend along with him.”4021

    4021


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 25


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiii Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvii Pg 4
    Ps. xcix.



    Anf-03 v.iii.iii Pg 15
    1 Sam. viii. 7.

    And Moses declares, “For their murmuring is not against us, but against the Lord God.”656

    656


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 7
    Ps. xxii. 6–8.

    Ye see, beloved, what is the example which has been given us; for if the Lord thus humbled Himself, what shall we do who have through Him come under the yoke of His grace?


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xcviii Pg 0


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 48
    It is Ps. xxii. in our Bibles, xxi. in LXX.

    “They dug,” He says, “my hands and feet1352

    1352


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 23
    Ps. xxii. 16, 7, 8.

    Of what use now is (your tampering with) the testimony of His garments? If you take it as a booty for your false Christ, still all the Psalm (compensates) the vesture of Christ.5142

    5142 We append the original of these obscure sentences: “Quo jam testimonium vestimentorum? Habe falsi tui prædam; totus psalmus vestimenta sunt Christi.” The general sense is apparent. If Marcion does suppress the details about Christ’s garments at the cross, to escape the inconvenient proof they afford that Christ is the object of prophecies, yet there are so many other points of agreement between this wonderful Psalm and St. Luke’s history of the crucifixion (not expunged, as it would seem, by the heretic), that they quite compensate for the loss of this passage about the garments (Oehler).

    But, behold, the very elements are shaken. For their Lord was suffering. If, however, it was their enemy to whom all this injury was done, the heaven would have gleamed with light, the sun would have been even more radiant, and the day would have prolonged its course5143

    5143


    Anf-03 v.viii.xx Pg 13
    Ps. xxii. 8.

    “He was appraised by the traitor in thirty pieces of silver.”7406

    7406


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 52
    Jer. xvii. 5.

    Whereas in Psalm cxvii. it is said: “It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in man; it is better to trust in the Lord than to place hope in princes.”4032

    4032


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxiv Pg 57
    See 1 Sam. ii. 6–8, Ps. cxiii. 7, and Luke i. 52.

    Since, therefore, it is quite consistent in the Creator to pronounce different sentences in the two directions of reward and punishment, we shall have to conclude that there is here no diversity of gods,4858

    4858 Divinitatum; “divine powers.”

    but only a difference in the actual matters4859

    4859 Ipsarum materiarum.

    before us.


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xii Pg 42
    1 Sam. ii. 7, 8; Ps. cxlvii. 6; Luke i. 52.

    Is he then the same God as He who gave Satan power over the person of Job that his “strength might be made perfect in weakness?”5780

    5780


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 18
    1 Sam. ii. 8.

    And by Isaiah how He inveighs against the oppressors of the needy! “What mean ye that ye set fire to my vineyard, and that the spoil of the poor is in your houses? Wherefore do ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the face of the needy?”3950

    3950


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxviii Pg 30
    Comp. 1 Sam. ii. 8 with Ps. cxiii. 7 and Luke i. 52.

    From Him, therefore, will proceed the parable of the rich man, who flattered himself about the increase of his fields, and to Whom God said: “Thou fool, this night shall they require thy soul of thee; then whose shall those things be which thou hast provided?”4648

    4648


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 30


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.i Pg 60.1


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xliii Pg 4
    See Num. xvii.

    What think ye, beloved? Did not Moses know beforehand that this would happen? Undoubtedly he knew; but he acted thus, that there might be no sedition in Israel, and that the name of the true and only God might be glorified; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.


    Anf-01 vi.ii.v Pg 12
    These are inaccurate and confused quotations from Ps. xxii. 21; 17, and Ps. cxix. 120.

    And again he says, “Behold, I have given my back to scourges, and my cheeks to strokes, and I have set my countenance as a firm rock.”1492

    1492


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xvii Pg 7.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxviii Pg 6
    1 Kings viii. 27.

    And he pleased God, and was the admiration of all; and all kings of the earth sought an interview with him (quærebant faciem ejus) that they might hear the wisdom which God had conferred upon him.4179

    4179


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ix Pg 273.1
    85:1 87:1 *titles *title *title


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 41
    Isa. x. 33.

    And who are these but the rich? Because they have indeed received their consolation, glory, and honour and a lofty position from their wealth. In Psalm xlviii. He also turns off our care from these and says: “Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, and when his glory is increased: for when he shall die, he shall carry nothing away; nor shall his glory descend along with him.”4021

    4021


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 25
    *titles 83:1 *titles *title *titles *title


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.viii Pg 6.1


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xvi Pg 3
    Lev. xxvi. 40, 41.

    For the circumcision according to the flesh, which is from Abraham, was given for a sign; that you may be separated from other nations, and from us; and that you alone may suffer that which you now justly suffer; and that your land may be desolate, and your cities burned with fire; and that strangers may eat your fruit in your presence, and not one of you may go up to Jerusalem.’1984

    1984 See Apol., i. 47. The Jews [By Hadrian’s recent edict] were prohibited by law from entering Jerusalem on pain of death. And so Justin sees in circumcision their own punishment.

    For you are not recognised among the rest of men by any other mark than your fleshly circumcision. For none of you, I suppose, will venture to say that God neither did nor does foresee the events, which are future, nor foreordained his deserts for each one. Accordingly, these things have happened to you in fairness and justice, for you have slain the Just One, and His prophets before Him; and now you reject those who hope in Him, and in Him who sent Him—God the Almighty and Maker of all things —cursing in your synagogues those that believe on Christ. For you have not the power to lay hands upon us, on account of those who now have the mastery. But as often as you could, you did so. Wherefore God, by Isaiah, calls to you, saying, ‘Behold how the righteous man perished, and no one regards it. For the righteous man is taken away from before iniquity. His grave shall be in peace, he is taken away from the midst. Draw near hither, ye lawless children, seed of the adulterers, and children of the whore. Against whom have you sported yourselves, and against whom have you opened the mouth, and against whom have you loosened the tongue?’1985

    1985


    Anf-03 vi.iii.xx Pg 4
    Perhaps Tertullian is referring to Prov. xxviii. 13. If we confess now, we shall be forgiven, and not put to shame at the judgment day.

    for we do at the same time both make satisfaction8746

    8746 See de Orat. c. xxiii. ad fin., and the note there.

    for our former sins, by mortification of our flesh and spirit, and lay beforehand the foundation of defences against the temptations which will closely follow. “Watch and pray,” saith (the Lord), “lest ye fall into temptation.”8747

    8747


    Anf-01 viii.ii.xl Pg 3
    Ps. i., Ps. ii.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxxvi Pg 5
    Ps. i. 3.

    Again, the righteous is said to flourish like the palm-tree. God appeared from a tree to Abraham, as it is written, near the oak in Mamre. The people found seventy willows and twelve springs after crossing the Jordan.2290

    2290


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xi Pg 11
    Ps. i. 3–6.

    Mark how He has described at once both the water and the cross. For these words imply, Blessed are they who, placing their trust in the cross, have gone down into the water; for, says He, they shall receive their reward in due time: then He declares, I will recompense them. But now He saith,1601

    1601 Cod. Sin. has, “what meaneth?”

    “Their leaves shall not fade.” This meaneth, that every word which proceedeth out of your mouth in faith and love shall tend to bring conversion and hope to many. Again, another prophet saith, “And the land of Jacob shall be extolled above every land.”1602

    1602


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.x Pg 17.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xvii Pg 19.1


    Anf-03 iv.iv.xv Pg 14
    Ps. i. 1–3; xcii. 12–; 15.

    If you have renounced temples, make not your own gate a temple. I have said too little. If you have renounced stews, clothe not your own house with the appearance of a new brothel.


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xix Pg 17
    Ps. i. 3.

    “He that hath clean hands and a pure heart, who hath not taken God’s name in vain, nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbour, he shall receive blessing from the Lord, and mercy from the God of his salvation.”2937

    2937


    Anf-03 vi.ii.iv Pg 11
    So the Cod. Sin. Hilgenfeld reads, with the Latin, “let us take.”

    heed in these last days; for the whole [past] time of your faith will profit you nothing, unless now in this wicked time we also withstand coming sources of danger, as becometh the sons of God. That the Black One1478

    1478


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xx Pg 5
    Jer. xxiii. 23.

    For His hand lays hold of all things, and that it is which illumines the heavens, and lightens also the things which are under the heavens, and trieth the reins and the hearts, is also present in hidden things, and in our secret [thoughts], and does openly nourish and preserve us.


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 7.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.ii Pg 4.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.xiv Pg 120.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.ii Pg 4.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.xiv Pg 120.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.iv Pg 3
    Ps. cii. 25–28. The cause of the difference in the numbering of the Psalms is that the Septuagint embraces in one psalm—the ninth—the two which form the ninth and tenth in the Hebrew text.

    pointing out plainly what things they are that pass away, and who it is that doth endure for ever—God, together with His servants. And in like manner Esaias says: “Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath; for the heaven has been set together as smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they who dwell therein shall die in like manner. But my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not pass away.”3832

    3832


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 3
    See Gen. xii.–xv. compared with xvii. and Rom. iv.

    nor yet did he observe the Sabbath. For he had “accepted”1163

    1163


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iii Pg 5
    There is, if the text be genuine, some confusion here.  Melchizedek does not appear to have been, in any sense, “subsequent” to Abraham, for he probably was senior to him; and, moreover, Abraham does not appear to have been “already circumcised” carnally when Melchizedek met him. Comp. Gen. xiv. with Gen. xvii.

    “But again,” (you say) “the son of Moses would upon one occasion have been choked by an angel, if Zipporah,1165

    1165


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xxxii Pg 5
    Gen. xxii. 17, Gen. xxviii. 4.

    All these, therefore, were highly honoured, and made great, not for their own sake, or for their own works, or for the righteousness which they wrought, but through the operation of His will. And we, too, being called by His will in Christ Jesus, are not justified by ourselves, nor by our own wisdom, or understanding, or godliness, or works which we have wrought in holiness of heart; but by that faith through which, from the beginning, Almighty God has justified all men; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xx Pg 25
    Gen. xxii. 17.

    Therefore “one star differeth from another star in glory.”6119

    6119


    Anf-03 iv.ix.i Pg 11
    See Gen. xxii. 18; and comp. Gal. iii. 16, and the reference in both places.

    and that1130

    1130


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xix Pg 22.1


    Anf-01 ix.viii.xxiv Pg 2
    Num. xxiii. 19.

    He thus shows that all men are indeed guilty of falsehood, inasmuch as they change from one thing to another (μεταφερόμενοι); but such is not the case with God, for He always continues true, perfecting whatever He wishes.


    Anf-01 v.xviii.v Pg 3
    1 Sam. xvi.

    For he himself says in a certain place, “I was small among my brethren, and the youngest in the house of my father.”1372

    1372 Ps. cl. 1 (in the Septuagint; not found at all in Hebrew).


    Anf-03 v.iii.iii Pg 16
    Ex. xvi. 8.

    No one of those has, [in fact,] remained unpunished, who rose up against their superiors. For Dathan and Abiram did not speak against the law, but against Moses,657

    657


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 41
    Isa. x. 33.

    And who are these but the rich? Because they have indeed received their consolation, glory, and honour and a lofty position from their wealth. In Psalm xlviii. He also turns off our care from these and says: “Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, and when his glory is increased: for when he shall die, he shall carry nothing away; nor shall his glory descend along with him.”4021

    4021 *title


    Anf-01 ix.viii.xl Pg 4
    Judg. xiv. 6–19.

    For thus, according to the holy apostle, the sin of fornication is perpetrated against the body, as involving also sin against the temple of God.4883

    4883 103:1,2,20-22 104:1 145:1,10


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.xiv Pg 2.1


    Anf-02 vi.ii.x Pg 40.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xii Pg 26
    Ex. xx. 16.

    by the word thine3877

    3877


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xvi Pg 58
    Ex. xx. 13–16.

    —He taught me to refrain from doing to others what I should be unwilling to have done to myself; and therefore the precept developed in the Gospel will belong to Him alone, who anciently drew it up, and gave it distinctive point, and arranged it after the decision of His own teaching, and has now reduced it, suitably to its importance,4091

    4091 Merito.

    to a compendious formula, because (as it was predicted in another passage) the Lord—that is, Christ—“was to make (or utter) a concise word on earth.”4092

    4092


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.vii Pg 14.2


    Anf-01 v.v.viii Pg 5
    Ps. cxvi. 12.

    Now God, even the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ, shall reveal these things to you, [so that ye shall know] that I speak truly. <index subject1="Ignatius" subject2="seeks the prayers of the Churches" title="77" id="v.v.viii-p5.2"/>And do ye pray along with me, that I may attain my aim in the Holy Spirit. I have not written to you according to the flesh, but according to the will of God. If I shall suffer, ye have loved me; but if I am rejected, ye have hated me.


    Anf-01 vi.ii.vi Pg 10
    Ps. xxii. 17, Ps. cxviii. 12.

    and “upon my garment they cast lots.”1502

    1502


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xxi Pg 45.2
    105:2 111:4 145:5,6


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xi Pg 19
    Gen. xlix. 18.

    And then again, Saviour: “Behold my God, my Saviour, I will put my trust in Him.”3411

    3411


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lii Pg 2
    [Bible:Gen.49.11 Bible:Gen.49.18 Bible:Gen.49.24">Gen. xlix. 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 18, 24. These texts are frequently referred to by Justin.]

    that there would be two advents of Christ, and that in the first He would suffer, and that after He came there would be neither prophet nor king in your nation (I proceeded), and that the nations who believed in the suffering Christ would look for His future appearance. And for this reason the Holy Spirit had uttered these truths in a parable, and obscurely: for,” I added, “it is said, ‘Judah, thy brethren have praised thee: thy hands [shall be] on the neck of thine enemies; the sons of thy father shall worship thee. Judah is a lion’s whelp; from the germ, my son, thou art sprung up. Reclining, he lay down like a lion, and like [a lion’s] whelp: who shall raise him up? A ruler shall not depart from Judah, or a leader from his thighs, until that which is laid up in store for him shall come; and he shall be the desire of nations, binding his foal to the vine, and the foal of his ass to the tendril of the vine. He shall wash his garments in wine, and his vesture in the blood of the grape. His eyes shall be bright with2113

    2113 Or, “in comparison of.”

    wine, and his teeth white like milk.’2114

    2114


    Npnf-201 iii.xv.ix Pg 19


    Npnf-201 iv.vi.i.xxxviii Pg 9


    Anf-03 iv.iv.iv Pg 5
    “Sanguinis perditionis:” such is the reading of Oehler and others. If it be correct, probably the phrase “perdition of blood” must be taken as equivalent to “bloody perdition,” after the Hebrew fashion. Compare, for similar instances, Bible:Ezek.22.2">2 Sam. xvi. 7; Ps. v. 6; xxvi. 9; lv. 23; Ezek. xxii. 2, with the marginal readings. But Fr. Junius would read, “Of blood and of perdition”—sanguinis et perditionis. Oehler’s own interpretation of the reading he gives—“blood-shedding”—appears unsatisfactory.

    repentance is being prepared. Ye who serve stones, and ye who make images of gold, and silver, and wood, and stones and clay, and serve phantoms, and demons, and spirits in fanes,182

    182 “In fanis.” This is Oehler’s reading on conjecture. Other readings are—infamis, infamibus, insanis, infernis.

    and all errors not according to knowledge, shall find no help from them.” But Isaiah183

    183


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxxv Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvi Pg 4
    Ps. xxiv.

    Accordingly, it is shown that Solomon is not the Lord of hosts; but when our Christ rose from the dead and ascended to heaven, the rulers in heaven, under appointment of God, are commanded to open the gates of heaven, that He who is King of glory may enter in, and having ascended, may sit on the right hand of the Father until He make the enemies His footstool, as has been made manifest by another Psalm. For when the rulers of heaven saw Him of uncomely and dishonoured appearance, and inglorious, not recognising Him, they inquired, ‘Who is this King of glory?’ And the Holy Spirit, either from the person of His Father, or from His own person, answers them, ‘The Lord of hosts, He is this King of glory.’ For every one will confess that not one of those who presided over the gates of the temple at Jerusalem would venture to say concerning Solomon, though he was so glorious a king, or concerning the ark of testimony, ‘Who is this King of glory?’


    Anf-02 ii.ii.i Pg 32.2


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xi Pg 27
    Ps. cxxiv. 8.

    and again: “In His hand are the ends of the earth, and the heights of the mountains are His. For the sea is His, and He did Himself make it; and His hands founded the dry land. Come ye, let us worship and fall down before Him, and weep in the presence of the Lord who made us; for He is the Lord our God.”3418

    3418


    Anf-01 ix.vi.iii Pg 3
    Ps. cxxiv. 8.

    And Esaias confesses that words were uttered by God, who made heaven and earth, and governs them. He says: “Hear, O heavens; and give ear, O earth: for the Lord hath spoken.”3810

    3810


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 41
    Isa. x. 33.

    And who are these but the rich? Because they have indeed received their consolation, glory, and honour and a lofty position from their wealth. In Psalm xlviii. He also turns off our care from these and says: “Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, and when his glory is increased: for when he shall die, he shall carry nothing away; nor shall his glory descend along with him.”4021

    4021


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 25


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiii Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvii Pg 4
    Ps. xcix.



    Anf-03 v.iii.iii Pg 15
    1 Sam. viii. 7.

    And Moses declares, “For their murmuring is not against us, but against the Lord God.”656

    656


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 7
    Ps. xxii. 6–8.

    Ye see, beloved, what is the example which has been given us; for if the Lord thus humbled Himself, what shall we do who have through Him come under the yoke of His grace?


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xcviii Pg 0


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 48
    It is Ps. xxii. in our Bibles, xxi. in LXX.

    “They dug,” He says, “my hands and feet1352

    1352


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 23
    Ps. xxii. 16, 7, 8.

    Of what use now is (your tampering with) the testimony of His garments? If you take it as a booty for your false Christ, still all the Psalm (compensates) the vesture of Christ.5142

    5142 We append the original of these obscure sentences: “Quo jam testimonium vestimentorum? Habe falsi tui prædam; totus psalmus vestimenta sunt Christi.” The general sense is apparent. If Marcion does suppress the details about Christ’s garments at the cross, to escape the inconvenient proof they afford that Christ is the object of prophecies, yet there are so many other points of agreement between this wonderful Psalm and St. Luke’s history of the crucifixion (not expunged, as it would seem, by the heretic), that they quite compensate for the loss of this passage about the garments (Oehler).

    But, behold, the very elements are shaken. For their Lord was suffering. If, however, it was their enemy to whom all this injury was done, the heaven would have gleamed with light, the sun would have been even more radiant, and the day would have prolonged its course5143

    5143


    Anf-03 v.viii.xx Pg 13
    Ps. xxii. 8.

    “He was appraised by the traitor in thirty pieces of silver.”7406

    7406


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 52
    Jer. xvii. 5.

    Whereas in Psalm cxvii. it is said: “It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in man; it is better to trust in the Lord than to place hope in princes.”4032

    4032


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxiv Pg 57
    See 1 Sam. ii. 6–8, Ps. cxiii. 7, and Luke i. 52.

    Since, therefore, it is quite consistent in the Creator to pronounce different sentences in the two directions of reward and punishment, we shall have to conclude that there is here no diversity of gods,4858

    4858 Divinitatum; “divine powers.”

    but only a difference in the actual matters4859

    4859 Ipsarum materiarum.

    before us.


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xii Pg 42
    1 Sam. ii. 7, 8; Ps. cxlvii. 6; Luke i. 52.

    Is he then the same God as He who gave Satan power over the person of Job that his “strength might be made perfect in weakness?”5780

    5780


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 18
    1 Sam. ii. 8.

    And by Isaiah how He inveighs against the oppressors of the needy! “What mean ye that ye set fire to my vineyard, and that the spoil of the poor is in your houses? Wherefore do ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the face of the needy?”3950

    3950


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxviii Pg 30
    Comp. 1 Sam. ii. 8 with Ps. cxiii. 7 and Luke i. 52.

    From Him, therefore, will proceed the parable of the rich man, who flattered himself about the increase of his fields, and to Whom God said: “Thou fool, this night shall they require thy soul of thee; then whose shall those things be which thou hast provided?”4648

    4648


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 30


    Anf-02 iv.ii.ii.xxxv Pg 7.1


    Anf-03 v.ix.xvi Pg 20
    Isa. xl. 28.

    much more, shall neither die at any time, nor be buried!), and therefore that it was uniformly one God, even the Father, who at all times did Himself the things which were really done by Him through the agency of the Son.


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.viii Pg 6.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.viii Pg 6.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xv.ix Pg 19


    Npnf-201 iv.vi.i.xxxviii Pg 9


    Anf-03 iv.iv.iv Pg 5
    “Sanguinis perditionis:” such is the reading of Oehler and others. If it be correct, probably the phrase “perdition of blood” must be taken as equivalent to “bloody perdition,” after the Hebrew fashion. Compare, for similar instances, Bible:Ezek.22.2">2 Sam. xvi. 7; Ps. v. 6; xxvi. 9; lv. 23; Ezek. xxii. 2, with the marginal readings. But Fr. Junius would read, “Of blood and of perdition”—sanguinis et perditionis. Oehler’s own interpretation of the reading he gives—“blood-shedding”—appears unsatisfactory.

    repentance is being prepared. Ye who serve stones, and ye who make images of gold, and silver, and wood, and stones and clay, and serve phantoms, and demons, and spirits in fanes,182

    182 “In fanis.” This is Oehler’s reading on conjecture. Other readings are—infamis, infamibus, insanis, infernis.

    and all errors not according to knowledge, shall find no help from them.” But Isaiah183

    183


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxxv Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvi Pg 4
    Ps. xxiv.

    Accordingly, it is shown that Solomon is not the Lord of hosts; but when our Christ rose from the dead and ascended to heaven, the rulers in heaven, under appointment of God, are commanded to open the gates of heaven, that He who is King of glory may enter in, and having ascended, may sit on the right hand of the Father until He make the enemies His footstool, as has been made manifest by another Psalm. For when the rulers of heaven saw Him of uncomely and dishonoured appearance, and inglorious, not recognising Him, they inquired, ‘Who is this King of glory?’ And the Holy Spirit, either from the person of His Father, or from His own person, answers them, ‘The Lord of hosts, He is this King of glory.’ For every one will confess that not one of those who presided over the gates of the temple at Jerusalem would venture to say concerning Solomon, though he was so glorious a king, or concerning the ark of testimony, ‘Who is this King of glory?’


    Anf-02 ii.ii.i Pg 32.2


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xi Pg 27
    Ps. cxxiv. 8.

    and again: “In His hand are the ends of the earth, and the heights of the mountains are His. For the sea is His, and He did Himself make it; and His hands founded the dry land. Come ye, let us worship and fall down before Him, and weep in the presence of the Lord who made us; for He is the Lord our God.”3418

    3418


    Anf-01 ix.vi.iii Pg 3
    Ps. cxxiv. 8.

    And Esaias confesses that words were uttered by God, who made heaven and earth, and governs them. He says: “Hear, O heavens; and give ear, O earth: for the Lord hath spoken.”3810

    3810


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 41
    Isa. x. 33.

    And who are these but the rich? Because they have indeed received their consolation, glory, and honour and a lofty position from their wealth. In Psalm xlviii. He also turns off our care from these and says: “Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, and when his glory is increased: for when he shall die, he shall carry nothing away; nor shall his glory descend along with him.”4021

    4021


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 25


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiii Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxiv Pg 0


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxvii Pg 4
    Ps. xcix.



    Anf-03 v.iii.iii Pg 15
    1 Sam. viii. 7.

    And Moses declares, “For their murmuring is not against us, but against the Lord God.”656

    656


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvi Pg 7
    Ps. xxii. 6–8.

    Ye see, beloved, what is the example which has been given us; for if the Lord thus humbled Himself, what shall we do who have through Him come under the yoke of His grace?


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xcviii Pg 0


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 48
    It is Ps. xxii. in our Bibles, xxi. in LXX.

    “They dug,” He says, “my hands and feet1352

    1352


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlii Pg 23
    Ps. xxii. 16, 7, 8.

    Of what use now is (your tampering with) the testimony of His garments? If you take it as a booty for your false Christ, still all the Psalm (compensates) the vesture of Christ.5142

    5142 We append the original of these obscure sentences: “Quo jam testimonium vestimentorum? Habe falsi tui prædam; totus psalmus vestimenta sunt Christi.” The general sense is apparent. If Marcion does suppress the details about Christ’s garments at the cross, to escape the inconvenient proof they afford that Christ is the object of prophecies, yet there are so many other points of agreement between this wonderful Psalm and St. Luke’s history of the crucifixion (not expunged, as it would seem, by the heretic), that they quite compensate for the loss of this passage about the garments (Oehler).

    But, behold, the very elements are shaken. For their Lord was suffering. If, however, it was their enemy to whom all this injury was done, the heaven would have gleamed with light, the sun would have been even more radiant, and the day would have prolonged its course5143

    5143


    Anf-03 v.viii.xx Pg 13
    Ps. xxii. 8.

    “He was appraised by the traitor in thirty pieces of silver.”7406

    7406


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 52
    Jer. xvii. 5.

    Whereas in Psalm cxvii. it is said: “It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in man; it is better to trust in the Lord than to place hope in princes.”4032

    4032


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxiv Pg 57
    See 1 Sam. ii. 6–8, Ps. cxiii. 7, and Luke i. 52.

    Since, therefore, it is quite consistent in the Creator to pronounce different sentences in the two directions of reward and punishment, we shall have to conclude that there is here no diversity of gods,4858

    4858 Divinitatum; “divine powers.”

    but only a difference in the actual matters4859

    4859 Ipsarum materiarum.

    before us.


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xii Pg 42
    1 Sam. ii. 7, 8; Ps. cxlvii. 6; Luke i. 52.

    Is he then the same God as He who gave Satan power over the person of Job that his “strength might be made perfect in weakness?”5780

    5780


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 18
    1 Sam. ii. 8.

    And by Isaiah how He inveighs against the oppressors of the needy! “What mean ye that ye set fire to my vineyard, and that the spoil of the poor is in your houses? Wherefore do ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the face of the needy?”3950

    3950


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxviii Pg 30
    Comp. 1 Sam. ii. 8 with Ps. cxiii. 7 and Luke i. 52.

    From Him, therefore, will proceed the parable of the rich man, who flattered himself about the increase of his fields, and to Whom God said: “Thou fool, this night shall they require thy soul of thee; then whose shall those things be which thou hast provided?”4648

    4648


    Npnf-201 iii.xvi.iv Pg 30


    Anf-02 iv.ii.ii.xxxv Pg 7.1


    Anf-03 v.ix.xvi Pg 20
    Isa. xl. 28.

    much more, shall neither die at any time, nor be buried!), and therefore that it was uniformly one God, even the Father, who at all times did Himself the things which were really done by Him through the agency of the Son.


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.viii Pg 6.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.viii Pg 6.1


    Anf-01 ii.ii.viii Pg 4
    Comp. Isa. i. 18.

    than scarlet, and blacker than sackcloth, yet if ye turn to Me with your whole heart, and say, Father! I will listen to you, as to a holy41

    41 These words are not found in Scripture, though they are quoted again by Clem. Alex. (Pædag., i. 10) as from Ezekiel.

    people.” And in another place He speaks thus: “Wash you, and become clean; put away the wickedness of your souls from before mine eyes; cease from your evil ways, and learn to do well; seek out judgment, deliver the oppressed, judge the fatherless, and see that justice is done to the widow; and come, and let us reason together. He declares, Though your sins be like crimson, I will make them white as snow; though they be like scarlet, I will whiten them like wool. And if ye be willing and obey Me, ye shall eat the good of the land; but if ye refuse, and will not hearken unto Me, the sword shall devour you, for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken these things.”42

    42


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 21.1


    Anf-02 vi.v Pg 131.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xiv Pg 23
    Isa. i. 17, 18.

    To him, for whom in every stage of lowliness there is provided so much of the Creator’s compassionate regard, shall be given that kingdom also which is promised by Christ, to whose merciful compassion belong, and for a great while have belonged,3955

    3955 Jamdudum pertinent.

    those to whom the promise is made. For even if you suppose that the promises of the Creator were earthly, but that Christ’s are heavenly, it is quite clear that heaven has been as yet the property of no other God whatever, than Him who owns the earth also; quite clear that the Creator has given even the lesser promises (of earthly blessing), in order that I may more readily believe Him concerning His greater promises (of heavenly blessings) also, than (Marcion’s god), who has never given proof of his liberality by any preceding bestowal of minor blessings. “Blessed are they that hunger, for they shall be filled.”3956

    3956


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xix Pg 7
    Quæstiones, alluding to Isa. i. 18: δεῦτε καὶ διαλεχθῶμεν, λέγει Κύριος.

    avoid contact with the wicked:2927

    2927


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.x Pg 9
    Isa. i. 18.

    In the scarlet colour He indicates the blood of the prophets; in the crimson, that of the Lord, as the brighter. Concerning the forgiveness of sins, Micah also says: “Who is a God like unto Thee? pardoning iniquity, and passing by the transgressions of the remnant of Thine heritage. He retaineth not His anger as a testimony against them, because He delighteth in mercy. He will turn again, and will have compassion upon us; He wipeth away our iniquities, and casteth our sins into the depths of the sea.”3768

    3768


    Anf-03 v.x.xii Pg 13
    Isa. i. 18.

    When great Babylon likewise is represented as drunk with the blood of the saints,8304

    8304


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 60.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.iii Pg 26.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvi Pg 2
    Deut. v. 22.

    For this reason [He did so], that they who are willing to follow Him might keep these commandments. But when they turned themselves to make a calf, and had gone back in their minds to Egypt, desiring to be slaves instead of free-men, they were placed for the future in a state of servitude suited to their wish,—[a slavery] which did not indeed cut them off from God, but subjected them to the yoke of bondage; as Ezekiel the prophet, when stating the reasons for the giving of such a law, declares: “And their eyes were after the desire of their heart; and I gave them statutes that were not good, and judgments in which they shall not live.”3970

    3970


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvii Pg 20
    Deut. v. 22.

    for, as I have already observed, He stood in need of nothing from them. And again Moses says: “And now Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, to walk in all His ways, and to love Him, and to serve the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul?”3999

    3999


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxi Pg 25
    Deut. v. 24.

    For certain of these men used to see the prophetic Spirit and His active influences poured forth for all kinds of gifts; others, again, [beheld] the advent of the Lord, and that dispensation which obtained from the beginning, by which He accomplished the will of the Father with regard to things both celestial and terrestrial; and others [beheld] paternal glories adapted to the times, and to those who saw and who heard them then, and to all who were subsequently to hear them. Thus, therefore, was God revealed; for God the Father is shown forth through all these [operations], the Spirit indeed working, and the Son ministering, while the Father was approving, and man’s salvation being accomplished. As He also declares through Hosea the prophet: “I,” He says, “have multiplied visions, and have used similitudes by the ministry (in manibus) of the prophets.”4082

    4082


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxi Pg 40
    1 Kings xix. 11, 12.

    For by such means was the prophet—very indignant, because of the transgression of the people and the slaughter of the prophets—both taught to act in a more gentle manner; and the Lord’s advent as a man was pointed out, that it should be subsequent to that law which was given by Moses, mild and tranquil, in which He would neither break the bruised reed, nor quench the smoking flax.4093

    4093


    Anf-01 viii.vi.xxxi Pg 3
    1 Kings xix. 11, 12.

    But these things pious men must understand in a higher sense with profound and meditative insight. But Plato, not attending to the words with the suitable insight, said that God exists in a fiery substance.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.x Pg 59
    See Ex. xii. 1–11.

    that is, the passion of Christ. Which prediction was thus also fulfilled, that “on the first day of unleavened bread1362

    1362


    Anf-01 ii.ii.lii Pg 5
    Ps. li. 17.


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xviii Pg 5
    Ps. li. 17.

    Because, therefore, God stands in need of nothing, He declares in the preceding Psalm: “I will take no calves out of thine house, nor he-goats out of thy fold. For Mine are all the beasts of the earth, the herds and the oxen on the mountains: I know all the fowls of heaven, and the various tribes4011

    4011 Or, “the beauty,” species.

    of the field are Mine. If I were hungry, I would not tell thee: for the world is Mine, and the fulness thereof. Shall I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats?”4012

    4012


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xviii Pg 7
    Ps. li. 1–17.


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 28.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xvii Pg 8.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vii.iii Pg 4.1


    Anf-03 iv.ix.v Pg 10
    See Ps. li. 17 (in LXX. l. 19).

    and elsewhere, “Sacrifice to God a sacrifice of praise, and render to the Highest thy vows.”1205

    1205


    Anf-03 vi.iv.xxv Pg 9
    Dan. vi. 10; comp. Ps. lv. 17 (in the LXX. it is liv. 18).

    in accordance (of course) with Israel’s discipline—we pray at least not less than thrice in the day, debtors as we are to ThreeFather, Son, and Holy Spirit: of course, in addition to our regular prayers which are due, without any admonition, on the entrance of light and of night. But, withal, it becomes believers not to take food, and not to go to the bath, before interposing a prayer; for the refreshments and nourishments of the spirit are to be held prior to those of the flesh, and things heavenly prior to things earthly.


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xvi Pg 7
    Comp. Isa. v., Jer. xxv.; but the words do not occur in Scripture.

    And it so happened as the Lord had spoken. <index subject1="Temple" subject2="the true" title="147" id="vi.ii.xvi-p7.3"/>Let us inquire, then, if there still is a temple of God. There is—where He himself declared He would make and finish it. For it is written, “And it shall come to pass, when the week is completed, the temple of God shall be built in glory in the name of the Lord.”1678

    1678


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xi Pg 4.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxix Pg 55
    Tertullian calls by a proper name the vineyard which Isaiah (in his chap. v.) designates “the vineyard of the Lord of hosts,” and interprets to be “the house of Israel” (ver. 7). The designation comes from ver. 2, where the original clause ירשֹ והע[טָיִּוַ is translated in the Septuagint, Καὶ ἐφύτευσα ἄμπελον Σωρήκ. Tertullian is most frequently in close agreement with the LXX.

    that when “He looked for righteousness therefrom, there was only a cry4704

    4704


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxvii Pg 36
    See Isa. v. 5, 23, and x. 2.

    Of these Isaiah also says, “Woe unto them that are strong in Jerusalem!”4609

    4609


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xvii Pg 3
    Gen. xviii. 27.

    Moreover, it is thus written of Job, “Job was a righteous man, and blameless, truthful, God-fearing, and one that kept himself from all evil.”74

    74


    Anf-01 v.iii.xii Pg 12
    Gen. xviii. 27; Job xxx. 19.

    before God. And David says, “Who am I before Thee, O Lord, that Thou hast glorified me hitherto?”721

    721


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xvi Pg 6.1


    Anf-03 v.vii.iii Pg 15
    Gen. xxxii.

    Has it, then, been permitted to angels, which are inferior to God, after they have been changed into human bodily form,6983

    6983 See below in chap. vi. and in the Anti-Marcion, iii. 9.

    nevertheless to remain angels? and will you deprive God, their superior, of this faculty, as if Christ could not continue to be God, after His real assumption of the nature of man? Or else, did those angels appear as phantoms of flesh? You will not, however, have the courage to say this; for if it be so held in your belief, that the Creator’s angels are in the same condition as Christ, then Christ will belong to the same God as those angels do, who are like Christ in their condition. If you had not purposely rejected in some instances, and corrupted in others, the Scriptures which are opposed to your opinion, you would have been confuted in this matter by the Gospel of John, when it declares that the Spirit descended in the body6984

    6984 Corpore.

    of a dove, and sat upon the Lord.6985

    6985


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ix Pg 126.1


    Anf-03 vi.vii.xv Pg 6
    i.e., as Rigaltius (referred to by Oehler), explains, after the two visions of angels who appeared to him and said, “Arise and eat.” See 1 Kings xix. 4–13. [It was the fourth, but our author having mentioned two, inadvertently calls it the third, referring to the “still small voice,” in which Elijah saw His manifestation.]

    For where God is, there too is His foster-child, namely Patience. When God’s Spirit descends, then Patience accompanies Him indivisibly. If we do not give admission to her together with the Spirit, will (He) always tarry with us? Nay, I know not whether He would remain any longer. Without His companion and handmaid, He must of necessity be straitened in every place and at every time. Whatever blow His enemy may inflict He will be unable to endure alone, being without the instrumental means of enduring.


    Anf-01 ii.ii.lii Pg 5
    Ps. li. 17.


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xviii Pg 5
    Ps. li. 17.

    Because, therefore, God stands in need of nothing, He declares in the preceding Psalm: “I will take no calves out of thine house, nor he-goats out of thy fold. For Mine are all the beasts of the earth, the herds and the oxen on the mountains: I know all the fowls of heaven, and the various tribes4011

    4011 Or, “the beauty,” species.

    of the field are Mine. If I were hungry, I would not tell thee: for the world is Mine, and the fulness thereof. Shall I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats?”4012

    4012


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xviii Pg 7
    Ps. li. 1–17.


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 28.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xvii Pg 8.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vii.iii Pg 4.1


    Anf-03 iv.ix.v Pg 10
    See Ps. li. 17 (in LXX. l. 19).

    and elsewhere, “Sacrifice to God a sacrifice of praise, and render to the Highest thy vows.”1205

    1205


    Anf-03 vi.iv.xxv Pg 9
    Dan. vi. 10; comp. Ps. lv. 17 (in the LXX. it is liv. 18).

    in accordance (of course) with Israel’s discipline—we pray at least not less than thrice in the day, debtors as we are to ThreeFather, Son, and Holy Spirit: of course, in addition to our regular prayers which are due, without any admonition, on the entrance of light and of night. But, withal, it becomes believers not to take food, and not to go to the bath, before interposing a prayer; for the refreshments and nourishments of the spirit are to be held prior to those of the flesh, and things heavenly prior to things earthly.


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xvi Pg 7
    Comp. Isa. v., Jer. xxv.; but the words do not occur in Scripture.

    And it so happened as the Lord had spoken. <index subject1="Temple" subject2="the true" title="147" id="vi.ii.xvi-p7.3"/>Let us inquire, then, if there still is a temple of God. There is—where He himself declared He would make and finish it. For it is written, “And it shall come to pass, when the week is completed, the temple of God shall be built in glory in the name of the Lord.”1678

    1678


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iv.xi Pg 4.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxix Pg 55
    Tertullian calls by a proper name the vineyard which Isaiah (in his chap. v.) designates “the vineyard of the Lord of hosts,” and interprets to be “the house of Israel” (ver. 7). The designation comes from ver. 2, where the original clause ירשֹ והע[טָיִּוַ is translated in the Septuagint, Καὶ ἐφύτευσα ἄμπελον Σωρήκ. Tertullian is most frequently in close agreement with the LXX.

    that when “He looked for righteousness therefrom, there was only a cry4704

    4704


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxvii Pg 36
    See Isa. v. 5, 23, and x. 2.

    Of these Isaiah also says, “Woe unto them that are strong in Jerusalem!”4609

    4609


    Anf-01 v.iii.ix Pg 12
    Gen. iii. 19.

    <index subject1="Luxury abjured" title="62" id="v.iii.ix-p12.2"/>But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, not in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them.690

    690 Reference is here made to well-known Jewish opinions and practices with respect to the Sabbath. The Talmud fixes 2000 cubits as the space lawful to be traversed. Philo (De Therap.) refers to the dancing, etc.

    <index subject1="Lord’s day" title="62" id="v.iii.ix-p13.1"/>And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord’s Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, “To the end, for the eighth day,”691

    691


    Anf-01 viii.vi.xxx Pg 4
    Gen. iii. 19.

    calls the lifeless body of Hector dumb clay. For in condemnation of Achilles dragging the corpse of Hector after death, he says somewhere:2580

    2580 Iliad, xxii.

    “On the dumb clay he cast indignity, Blinded with rage.”


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xvii Pg 2
    Gen. iii. 19.

    If then, after death, our bodies return to any other substance, it follows that from it also they have their substance. But if it be into this very [earth], it is manifest that it was also from it that man’s frame was created; as also the Lord clearly showed, when from this very substance He formed eyes for the man [to whom He gave sight]. And thus was the hand of God plainly shown forth, by which Adam was fashioned, and we too have been formed; and since there is one and the same Father, whose voice from the beginning even to the end is present with His handiwork, and the substance from which we were formed is plainly declared through the Gospel, we should therefore not seek after another Father besides Him, nor [look for] another substance from which we have been formed, besides what was mentioned beforehand, and shown forth by the Lord; nor another hand of God besides that which, from the beginning even to the end, forms us and prepares us for life, and is present with His handiwork, and perfects it after the image and likeness of God.


    Anf-01 ix.viii.xiv Pg 4
    Gen. iii. 19.

    as the true course of things proceeds [now and always]. Then again, if the serpent observed the woman not eating, how did he induce her to eat who never had eaten? And who pointed out to this accursed man-slaying serpent that the sentence of death pronounced against them by God would not take [immediate] effect, when He said, “For in the day that ye eat thereof, ye shall surely die?” And not this merely, but that along with the impunity4820

    4820 The Greek reads the barbarous word ἀθριξίᾳ, which Massuet thinks is a corruption of ἀθανασίᾳ, immortality. We have, however, followed the conjecture of Harvey, who would substitute ἀπληξίᾳ, which seems to agree better with the context.

    [attending their sin] the eyes of those should be opened who had not seen until then? But with the opening [of their eyes] referred to, they made entrance upon the path of death.


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.ix Pg 11
    Gen. iii. 19. [“Was not said unto the Soul”—says our own Longfellow, in corresponding words.]

    That, therefore, which came from the ground shall return to the ground. Now that falls down which returns to the ground; and that rises again which falls down. “Since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection.”5590

    5590


    Anf-03 v.v.xxxi Pg 15
    See Bible:Gen.4.10">Gen. ii. 21, 23; iii. 5, 19; iv. 10.

    and yet it never intimated that they had been created by God. What will Hermogenes have to answer? That the human limbs must belong to Matter, because they are not specially mentioned as objects of creation? Or are they included in the formation of man? In like manner, the deep and the darkness, and the spirit and the waters, were as members of the heaven and the earth. For in the bodies the limbs were made, in the bodies the limbs too were mentioned. No element but what is a member of that element in which it is contained. But all elements are contained in the heaven and the earth.


    Anf-03 v.viii.vi Pg 9
    Comp. chap. ii. etc.

    that are submissive to the bishop, to the presbytery, and to the deacons: may I have my portion with them from God! <index subject1="Works" subject2="good" title="95" id="v.viii.vi-p9.1"/><index subject1="Good deeds" title="95" id="v.viii.vi-p9.2"/>Labour together with one another; strive in company together; run together; suffer together; sleep together; and awake together, as the stewards, and associates,1106

    1106 Or, “assessors.”

    and servants of God. Please ye Him under whom ye fight, and from whom ye shall receive your wages. Let none of you be found a deserter. Let your baptism endure as your arms; your faith as your helmet; your love as your spear; your patience as a complete panoply. Let your works be the charge assigned to you, that you may obtain for them a most worthy1107

    1107 Literally, “worthy of God.”

    recompense. Be long-suffering, therefore, with one another, in meekness, and God shall be so with you. May I have joy of you for ever!1108

    1108 Comp. Ignatius’ Epistle to the Ephesians, chap. ii.



    Anf-03 v.viii.xviii Pg 10
    Gen. iii. 19.

    Even the man who has not heard the sentence, sees the fact. No death but is the ruin of our limbs. This destiny of the body the Lord also described, when, clothed as He was in its very substance, He said, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up again.”7389

    7389


    Anf-03 v.viii.xxvi Pg 3
    Gen. iii. 19.

    In respect, of course, to his fleshly substance, which had been taken out of the ground, and which was the first to receive the name of man, as we have already shown,7462

    7462 See above, ch. v.

    does not this passage give one instruction to interpret in relation to the flesh also whatever of wrath or of grace God has determined for the earth, because, strictly speaking, the earth is not exposed to His judgment, since it has never done any good or evil? “Cursed,” no doubt, it was, for it drank the blood of man;7463

    7463


    Anf-03 v.viii.lii Pg 14
    Gen. iii. 19.

    because it was taken out of the earth.  And it was from this circumstance that the apostle borrowed his phrase of the flesh being “sown,” since it returns to the ground, and the ground is the grand depository for seeds which are meant to be deposited in it, and again sought out of it. And therefore he confirms the passage afresh, by putting on it the impress (of his own inspired authority), saying, “For so it is written;”7686

    7686


    Anf-03 v.iii.vii Pg 11
    “De enthymesi;” for this word Tertullian gives animationem (in his tract against Valentinus, ix.), which seems to mean, “the mind in operation.” (See the same treatise, x. xi.) With regard to the other word, Jerome (on Amos. iii.) adduces Valentinus as calling Christ ἔκτρωμα, that is, abortion.

    Unhappy Aristotle! who invented for these men dialectics, the art of building up and pulling down; an art so evasive in its propositions,1920

    1920 Sententiis.

    so far-fetched in its conjectures, so harsh, in its arguments, so productive of contentions—embarrassing1921

    1921 Molestam.

    even to itself, retracting everything, and really treating of1922

    1922 Tractaverit, in the sense of conclusively settling.

    nothing! Whence spring those “fables and endless genealogies,”1923

    1923


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xiii Pg 5
    Isa. lvii. 16.

    Thus does he attribute the Spirit as peculiar to God which in the last times He pours forth upon the human race by the adoption of sons; but [he shows] that breath was common throughout the creation, and points it out as something created. Now what has been made is a different thing from him who makes it. The breath, then, is temporal, but the Spirit eternal. The breath, too, increases [in strength] for a short period, and continues for a certain time; after that it takes its departure, leaving its former abode destitute of breath. But when the Spirit pervades the man within and without, inasmuch as it continues there, it never leaves him. “But that is not first which is spiritual,” says the apostle, speaking this as if with reference to us human beings; “but that is first which is animal, afterwards that which is spiritual,”4534

    4534


    Anf-03 iv.xi.xi Pg 6
    Tertullian’s reading of Isa. lvii. 16.

    And again:  “He giveth breath unto the people that are on the earth, and Spirit to them that walk thereon.”1565

    1565


    Anf-03 v.v.xxxii Pg 14
    Flatum: “breath;” so LXX. of Isa. lvii. 16.

    In like manner the same Wisdom says of the waters, “Also when He made the fountains strong, things which6468

    6468 Fontes, quæ.

    are under the sky, I was fashioning6469

    6469 Modulans.

    them along with Him.”6470

    6470


    Anf-01 vi.ii.vi Pg 2
    Isa. l. 8.

    “Woe unto you, for ye shall all wax old, like a garment, and the moth shall eat you up.”1494

    1494


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxxiv Pg 94
    Isa. l. 8, 9 (loosely quoted).

    and, “Woe unto you, for ye shall wax old as doth a garment, and the moth shall eat you up;” and, “All flesh shall be humbled, and the Lord alone shall be exalted in the highest,”4333

    4333


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 9

    VERSE 	(3) - 

    :20,32,33; 10:2; 23:3-7; 31:35-37; 33:13; 34:14,15; 40:2


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

    God Rules.NET