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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Acts 2:42


    CHAPTERS: Acts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Acts 2:42

    And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

    World English Bible

    They continued steadfastly in the apostles'
    teaching and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and prayer.

    Douay-Rheims - Acts 2:42

    And they were persevering in the doctrine of the apostles, and in the
    communication of the breaking of bread, and in prayers.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And they continued steadfastly in the apostles doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of
    bread, and in prayers.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ησαν
    2258 5713 V-IXI-3P δε 1161 CONJ προσκαρτερουντες 4342 5723 V-PAP-NPM τη 3588 T-DSF διδαχη 1322 N-DSF των 3588 T-GPM αποστολων 652 N-GPM και 2532 CONJ τη 3588 T-DSF κοινωνια 2842 N-DSF και 2532 CONJ τη 3588 T-DSF κλασει 2800 N-DSF του 3588 T-GSM αρτου 740 N-GSM και 2532 CONJ ταις 3588 T-DPF προσευχαις 4335 N-DPF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (42) -
    :46; 11:23; 14:22 Mr 4:16,17 Joh 8:31,32 1Co 11:2 Ga 1:6 Eph 2:20

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:42

    ¶ Y perseveraban en la doctrina de los apstoles, y en la comunin, y en el partimiento del pan, y en las oraciones.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Acts 2:42

    Verse 42. They continued steadfastly in the
    apostles' doctrine] They received it, retained it, and acted on its principles.

    And fellowship] koinwnia, community; meaning association for religious and spiritual purposes, The community of goods cannot be meant; for this is mentioned ver. 44, 45, where it is said, they had all things common.

    And in breaking of bread] Whether this means the holy eucharist, or their common meals, it is difficult to say. The Syriac understands it of the former. Breaking of bread was that act which preceded a feast or meal, and which was performed by the master of the house, when he pronounced the blessing-what we would call grace before meat. See the form on Matt. xxvi. 26.

    And in prayers.] In supplications to God for an increase of grace and life in their own souls; for establishment in the truth which they had received, and for the extension of the kingdom of Christ in the salvation of men.

    Behold the employment of the primitive and apostolic Church. 1. They were builded up on the foundation of the prophets and apostles, Jesus Christ himself being the corner stone. 2. They continued steadfastly in that doctrine which they had so evidently received from God. They were separated from the world, and lived in a holy Christian fellowship, strengthening and building up each other in their most holy faith. 4. They were frequent in breaking bread; in remembrance that Jesus Christ died for them. 5. They continued in prayers; knowing that they could be no longer faithful than while they were upheld by their God; and knowing also that they could not expect his grace to support them, unless they humbly and earnestly prayed for its continuance.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 42. And they continued steadfastly in the apostles doctrine , etc.] And which is the same with the doctrine of Christ, of which he is the author, preacher, and subject; the substance of which is peace, pardon, righteousness, and salvation by him: this the apostles received from Christ, and constantly taught in their ministry; for which reason, it is called theirs; and this these young converts had embraced gladly; and were not only believers of it, but persevering believers; they were constant hearers of it; they continually attended on the ministry of the apostles, and held fast the form of sound words they had received from them; and stood fast in the faith of the Gospel, notwithstanding all the reproach cast upon it, and the afflictions they endured for it: and fellowship ; with the apostles and other saints, in spiritual conversation with them, in private, and in communion with them at the Lords table in public: and so the Vulgate Latin reads this clause, in connection with the next, thus, in the communication of breaking of bread; to which agrees the Syriac version, and they communicated in prayer, and in breaking of the eucharist; though it seems better to understand this of a distinct branch of fellowship, or communication, and may rather intend liberality and beneficence, in which sense it is used, ( Romans 15:26 Corinthians 8:9 Hebrews 13:16) and so expresses their constant contributions towards the support of the apostles, as ministers of the word and of the poor members of the church; a duty which, in both its branches, is incumbent on those who have it in their power to perform, and which these first Christians were remarkable for: and in breaking of bread ; or of the eucharist: as the Syriac version renders it, which was an usual name with the ancients for the Lords supper; and which seems to be intended here, and not eating common bread, or a common meal; seeing it is here mentioned with religious exercises: and though the Jews used to begin their meals with breaking of bread, yet the whole repast, or meal, is never by them called by that name; and for what reason these saints should be commended for keeping their common meals, cannot be said, unless to show their sociableness, agreement, and brotherly love in eating together; and which is not hinted at here, but in ( Acts 2:46) where it is mentioned as something distinct from this: it seems rather therefore to design, that they were constant at the Lords table, kept their places there, and duly attended whenever the ordinance was administered: and in prayers : not only in their closets, and in their families, but in the church; in the public prayers of the church, they observed all opportunities of this kind, and gladly embraced them.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 42-47 - In these verses we have the
    history of the truly primitive church, or the first days of it; its state of infancy indeed, but, like that, the state of its greatest innocence. They kept close to holy ordinances and abounded in piety and devotion; for Christianity, when admitted is the power of it, will dispose the soul to communion with God in all those ways wherein he has appointed us to meet him, and has promised to meet us. The greatness of the event raised them above the world, an the Holy Ghost filled them with such love, as made every one to be to another as to himself, and so made all things common, not by destroying property, but doing away selfishness, and causing charity. And God wh moved them to it, knew that they were quickly to be driven from their possessions in Judea. The Lord, from day to day, inclined the hearts of more to embrace the gospel; not merely professors, but such as wer actually brought into a state of acceptance with God, being mad partakers of regenerating grace. Those whom God has designed for eternal salvation, shall be effectually brought to Christ, till the earth is filled with the knowledge of his glory __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ησαν
    2258 5713 V-IXI-3P δε 1161 CONJ προσκαρτερουντες 4342 5723 V-PAP-NPM τη 3588 T-DSF διδαχη 1322 N-DSF των 3588 T-GPM αποστολων 652 N-GPM και 2532 CONJ τη 3588 T-DSF κοινωνια 2842 N-DSF και 2532 CONJ τη 3588 T-DSF κλασει 2800 N-DSF του 3588 T-GSM αρτου 740 N-GSM και 2532 CONJ ταις 3588 T-DPF προσευχαις 4335 N-DPF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    42. Continued steadfastly. See on ch. i. 14.

    Doctrine (didach). Better, teaching.

    Fellowship (koinwnia). From koinov, common. A relation between individuals which involves a common interest and a mutual, active participation in that interest and in each other. The word answers to the Latin communio, from communis, common. Hence, sometimes rendered communion, as 1 Cor. x. 16; 9 Corinthians xiii. 14. Fellowship is the most common rendering. Thus Philip. i. 5: "your fellowship in the gospel," signifying co-operation in the widest sense; participation in sympathy, suffering, and labor. Compare 1 John i. 3, 6, 7. Occasionally it is used to express the particular form which the spirit of fellowship assumes; as in Rom. xv. 26; Heb. xiii. 16, where it signifies the giving of alms, but always with an emphasis upon the principle of Christian fellowship which underlies the gift.

    Breaking (klasei). Used by Luke only, and only in the phrase breaking of bread. The kindred verb klazw or klaw, to break, occurs often, but, like the noun, only of breaking bread. Hence used to designate the celebration of the Lord's Supper.

    Prayers (proseucaiv). Always of prayer to God. Compare on dehseiv, prayers, Luke v. 33; and besought, Luke viii. 38.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    2:42 {They continued steadfastly} (esan proskarturountes). Periphrastic active imperfect of proskarturew as in #Ac 1:14 (same participle in verse #46). {Fellowship} (koinwniai). Old word from koinwnos (partner, sharer in common interest) and this from koinos what is common to all. this partnership involves participation in, as the blood of Christ (#Php 2:1) or co-operation in the work of the gospel (#Php 1:5) or contribution for those in need (#2Co 8:4; 9:13). Hence there is wide diversity of opinion concerning the precise meaning of koinwnia in this verse. It may refer to the distribution of funds in verse #44 or to the oneness of spirit in the community of believers or to the Lord's Supper (as in #1Co 10:16) in the sense of communion or to the fellowship in the common meals or agapae (love-feasts). {The breaking of bread} (tei klasei tou artou). The word klasis is an old word, but used only by Luke in the N.T. (#Lu 24:35; Ac 2:42), though the verb klaw occurs in other parts of the N.T. as in verse #46. The problem here is whether Luke refers to the ordinary meal as in #Lu 24:35 or to the Lord's Supper. The same verb klaw is used of breaking bread at the ordinary meal (#Lu 24:30) or the Lord's Supper (#Lu 22:19). It is generally supposed that the early disciples attached so much significance to the breaking of bread at the ordinary meals, more than our saying grace, that they followed the meal with the Lord's Supper at first, a combination called agapai or love-feasts. "There can be no doubt that the Eucharist at this period was preceded uniformly by a common repast, as was the case when the ordinance was instituted" (Hackett). this led to some abuses as in #1Co 11:20. Hence it is possible that what is referred to here is the Lord's Supper following the ordinary meal. "To simply explain tei klasei tou artou as='The Holy Communion' is to pervert the plain meaning of words, and to mar the picture of family life, which the text places before us as the ideal of the early believers" (Page). But in #Ac 20:7 they seem to have come together especially for the observance of the Lord's Supper. Perhaps there is no way to settle the point conclusively here. {The prayers} (tais proseucais). Services where they prayed as in #1:14, in the temple (#Ac 3:1), in their homes (#4:23).


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