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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Matthew 10:4


    CHAPTERS: Matthew 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28     

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    King James Bible - Matthew 10:4

    Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

    World English Bible

    Simon the Canaanite; and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

    Douay-Rheims - Matthew 10:4

    Simon the Cananean, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    σιμων
    4613 N-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM κανανιτης 2581 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ ιουδας 2455 N-NSM ισκαριωτης 2469 N-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM και 2532 CONJ παραδους 3860 5631 V-2AAP-NSM αυτον 846 P-ASM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (4) -
    Mr 3:18 Lu 6:15

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 10:4

    Simn el cananeo y Judas Iscariote, que tambin le entreg.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Matthew 10:4

    Verse 4.
    Simon] He was third son of Alpheus, and brother of James and Jude, or Judas, chap. xiii. 55.

    The Canaanite] This word is not put here to signify a particular people, as it is elsewhere used in the Sacred Writings; but it is formed from the Hebrew anq kana, which signifies zealous, literally translated by Luke, Luke vi. 15, zhlwthv, zelotes, or the zealous, probably from his great fervency in preaching the Gospel of his Master. But see "Luke vi. 15".

    Judas Iscariot] Probably from the Hebrew twyrq ya ish kerioth, a man of Kerioth, which was a city in the tribe of Judah, Joshua xv. 25, where it is likely this man was born.

    As arksa iscara, signifies the quinsy, or strangulation, and Judas hanged himself after he had betrayed our Lord, Dr. Lightfoot seems inclined to believe that he had his name from this circumstance, and that it was not given him till after his death.

    Who also betrayed him] Rather, even he who betrayed him, or delivered him up; for so, I think, o kai paradouv auton should be translated. The common translation, who ALSO betrayed him, is very exceptionable, as it seems to imply, he was betrayed by some others, as well as by Judas.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 4. Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot , etc.] This is the last couple, for they are all mentioned by pairs, because they were sent forth by two and two, as the Evangelist Mark says, ( Mark 6:7). The former of these is called Simon the Canaanite, to distinguish him from Simon Peter, before mentioned; not that he was a Canaanite, that is, an inhabitant of the land of Canaan, a man of Canaan, as a certain woman is called a woman of Canaan, ( Matthew 15:22) for all the disciples of Christ were Jews; though in Munsters Hebrew Gospel he is called yn[nkh w[m , Simeon the Canaanite, or of Canaan, as if he belonged to that country; nor is he so called from Cana of Galilee, as Jerorm and others have thought; but he was one of the yanq , Kanaim, or Zealots; and therefore Luke styles him, Simon called Zelotes, ( Luke 6:15 Acts 1:13). The Kanaites, or Zelotes, were a set of men, who, in imitation of Phinehas, who slew Zimri and Cozbi in the very act of uncleanness, when they found any persons in the act of adultery, idolatry, blasphemy, or theft, would immediately kill them without any more ado: this they did, from a pretended zeal for the honour and glory of God: nor were they accountable to any court of judicature for it; yea, such an action was highly applauded, as a very laudable one f606 : under this specious name of Zealots, innumerable murders, and most horrible wickedness were committed, both before, and during the siege of Jerusalem, as Josephus relates. Now Simon was one of this sect before his conversion, and still retained the name afterwards. Judas, the last of the twelve, is called Iscariot; concerning which name, the notation of it, and the reason of his being so called, many are the conjectures of learned men: some think that he belonged to the tribe of Issachar, and that he is called from thence, rky ya , a man of Issachar, as a certain man is, in ( Judges 10:1) others, that he takes his name from the place he belonged to, and that he was called twyrq ya , a man of Kerioth. A place of this name is mentioned, ( Joshua 15:25) and some manuscripts and copies in some places read Judas apo Karuwtou , of Caryot. Caryota is said to be a plain of the city of Jericho, about eighteen miles from Jerusalem, which abounded in palm trees, called yjyyrwq , Caryotae, of which mention is made in the Talmud, and other writers f610 . Others think he is so called, from the Syriac word, ajwyrks , secariota, which signifies a purse, or bag, because he carried the bag. Some copies read it, skariwtev , scariotes: others are of opinion, that he is so called, from the manner of death he died, which was strangling: for arksa , ascara, a word often used in the Talmudic writings, signifies strangling; and is accounted by the Jews the hardest of deaths, and an evil one; and which seems to bid fair for the true reason of his name: however, it is mentioned here, as elsewhere, to distinguish him from Jude, or Judas, the true and faithful apostle of Christ; for this was he, who also betrayed him ; that is, Christ, as the Persic version reads it; and which is mentioned, not only for further distinctions sake, but to his great reproach. We learn from hence, that in the purest society on earth there has been an impure person; nor can it therefore be expected it should be otherwise in the best of churches, in the present state of imperfection; yea, that a man may have the highest gifts and attainments, as Judas had, ministerial gifts, and power of performing miracles, and yet be a vile person.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-4 - The word "
    apostle" signifies messenger; they were Christ's messengers sent forth to proclaim his kingdom. Christ gave them power to heal all manner of sickness. In the grace of the gospel there is a slave for every sore, a remedy for every malady. There is no spiritual disease but there is power in Christ for the cure of it. There names ar recorded, and it is their honour; yet they had more reason to rejoic that their names were written in heaven, while the high and might names of the great ones of the earth are buried in the dust.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    σιμων
    4613 N-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM κανανιτης 2581 N-NSM και 2532 CONJ ιουδας 2455 N-NSM ισκαριωτης 2469 N-NSM ο 3588 T-NSM και 2532 CONJ παραδους 3860 5631 V-2AAP-NSM αυτον 846 P-ASM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    4. The Canaanite (o Kananaiov). Rev., Cananaean. The word has nothing to do with
    Canaan. In Luke vi. 15; Acts i. 13, the same apostle is called Zelotes, Both terms indicate his connection with the Galilaean Zealot party, a sect which stood for the recovery of Jewish freedom and the maintenance of distinctive Jewish institutions. From the Hebrew kanna, zealous; compare the Chaldee kanan, by which this sect was denoted.


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